University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0193
Survey Title Survey on the Diversification of Work Styles and Life Planning, 2000
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Enormous networking of information, restructuring and innovation of workplace due to long economic recession, and mobilization of employment are starting to have a major effect on the working style of people. Changes in the working style could be seen in different phases: The birth of so called the "furita," which is the product of new college graduates not getting informal employment offers, the increase of aged workers, female workers, and double income families, and the representation of so called the "career surfers," who changes jobs for career advancement, are all part of the recent changes. At the same time, the diversification of working style has made people to realize that marriage, child-bearing and child-rearing are not inevitable life events, but are choices each individual make in his/her life. In addition, due to the speedy development of technology, knowledge could be easily outdated. Thus, more people are becoming to work as they learn and learn as they work in order to adapt to the change.
The diversification of working style has made each individual to have a unique life plan for the future. This survey not only aims to understand the reality of people's working style and their intentions, but also to identify the factors that are affecting in people's life planning.
General workers were targeted in this survey, and a report was written on this survey. The same survey targeting different types of workers (SOHO, "furita," dispatched workers, "career surfers") were conducted at the same time.
Universe Working individuals (both men and women) from age 18 to 59.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 1,035 sample results collected.
Time Period 2000/09/01
Spatial Unit Tokyo within 40km circle, Nagoya within 20km circle, Osaka within 20km circle.
Sampling Procedure Area sampling:
Based on "Heisei 9-nendo Shugyosha Kozo Kihon Chosa" (1997 Basic Survey on the Structure of Workforce), worker population in the cities, wards, and counties included in each area was calculated →number of survey points in the survey area were decided in proportion to the structure of the population→survey points were decided randomly from the cities, wards, and counties in the survey area→specific number of people of particular sex and age group were sampled so that the samples reflect the composition of the working people in the given area. 46 survey points in Tokyo, 8 in Nagoya and 15 in Osaka . 15 samples from each area.
Mode of Data Collection A report system (in which field workers randomly visited the respondents to place and collect the questionnaires) .
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance The field work was done by Social Survey Institution.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (April 2000) Waku-sutairu no Tayouka to Seikatsu-sekkei nikannsuru Chosa [Survey on the Diversification of Working Style and Life Planning] .
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ippan][SOHO][freeter][haken][surfer]
Major Survey Items (1) Anxieties about and thoughts on work and life: anxieties about life; anxieties about work; consciousness of life; consciousness of work.

(2) Current working style and wishes for different working style:<form of employment> working style (current, desirable, reasons, etc); type of job (current, desirable); type of business; size of the employer; <basic working conditions> form of employment contract; years of work experience; years of service to the current employer; work days and hours per week; attitude toward work; hours for commuting; <wage and remuneration system> amount of income (current, changes, wishes); wage, fringe benefit, retirement money, education and training system (current, wishes); evaluation of wage, retirement money and fringe benefit; <suitability with and satisfaction in current working style> suitability with the current job, satisfaction and dissatisfaction in current job and current employer; level of satisfaction in the totality of the work; <policy requests>; <changing jobs, starting a business on one's own, re-employment, side jobs> experience of changing jobs or starting a business (number of times, at what age, form of previous employment, reasons, changes in life); advisor (advice, predictions); intentions and reasons to change jobs or start a business in the future, and the conditions under which the respondent would do that; re-employment (experienced or not, period, reasons, preparation to be re-employed, form of employment at the time respondent was re-employed, source of information); side jobs (working hours, reasons, income); desire to have side jobs, reasons; <changes in work environment>; <employability> self-training (experience, expense, purpose, usefulness); qualifications held; qualifications under the process of obtaining, reasons, support from the national government or employer; graduate school for working people or people with work experience (intention to attend schools, reasons, support from the national government or employer, anxieties for attending schools).

(3) General Life Planning: <future plans and the choice of life events) the extent to which the respondent has planned his life; marriage (marriage status, age at which the respondent got married, age at which the respondent wishes to get married); children (age of the oldest child, age of the youngest child, number of children the respondent wishes to have); housing (type of housing, mortgage, registered owner of the land and the house, any plans to buy housing); retired life (preparation in a financial sense); retirement (age at which the respondent wishes to retire); <family budget> management of family budget; desire on the ways to sage/spend family budget; <consumption> attitude on consumption; consumption in pursuit of convenience; <communication> communication within the family; household work and child care; <satisfaction in family life>.

(4) Savings of the household: <attitude of saving> amount of saving; saving portfolio; reasons for saving; changes in family budget in the past 3 years, increase/decrease of family budget in the future; amount of financial asset; things the respondent considers to be important in gaining financial asset; <security of life> coverage under a life insurance policy; life insurance the respondent wants to prioritize in the budget; <support from parents> financial support from parents (content, amount); supporting the parents (content amount); asset inherited from parents and gift from parents (content, possibility of acquiring them).

(5) Data on the respondent: age; sex; educational history; age of the spouse; educational history of the spouse; spouse's employment (form of employment; amount of income; increase/decrease in income; desire for the spouse to be employed); health condition of the parents; parents' jobs; number of family members living together; monthly expenditure for everyday life.
Date of Release 2003/03/31
Version Japan Institute of Life InsuranceRegistered on August 21, 2001.
Topics Employment/Labor
Society/Culture
Notes for Users Data Sets are written by Japanese.