University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0407
Survey Title Fact-finding Survey on the Work Conditions among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 2003
Depositor National Federation of Small Business Associations
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The purpose of this survey is to accurately apprehend work conditions in small and medium-sized enterprises and to contribute to the establishment of appropriate labor policies in small and medium-sized enterprises and the promotion of timely labor support by the National Federation.

The National Federation of Small Business Associations and the Prefectural Federation of Small Business Associations have conducted the “Fact-finding Survey on Work Conditions among Small and Medium-sized Enterprises” since 1964, with this being the 40th survey. This survey targets approximately 50,000 workplaces but with approximately 67.6% of respondents having 30 or fewer employees, it especially reveals work conditions of small-scale businesses.

In addition to basic items relating to pay, working hours, employment, and management, etc. that need to be captured in time series, this survey also investigates items related to the labor climate of each year.

This year, in addition to the time series items of management status and obstacles, working hours (beginning with fixed weekly working hours), wage reform status, and starting salary of new graduates, there are items related to implementation of employment adjustment, bonus, securing personnel and education and training, childcare leave systems, nursing care leave systems, etc.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Business establishments with 300 or less employees (100 or less for wholesale, 50 or less for retail, 100 or less for service) based on the Japan Standard Industrial Classification
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 50,100, number of responses: 21,081, response rate: 42.1%
Date of Collection 2003-07-01 ~ 2003-07-01
Time Period 2003 ~ 2003
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Sampling was based on “the 2001 (Heisei 13) Establishment and Enterprise Census,” in line with the number of private businesses with 300 or fewer employees (excluding agriculture, forestry, and fisheries), distributed among prefectures, with the sampling ratio based on industry and employee size.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Arbitrary sampling of target businesses from the Prefectural Federation of Small Business Associations with all distributed and collected questionnaires tabulated collectively by the National Federation of Small Business Associations
Investigator National Federation of Small Business Associations
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0407
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Questionnaire
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items (1) Items concerning wages
1. Starting salary for new graduates (by school of graduation)
2. Situation regarding wage revision (whether it has been implemented within the past 5 years, details of revision)
3. Situation regarding paying bonuses (whether or not there are bonuses, the average amount of bonuses in summer/bonuses in winter/the end-of-the fiscal year and other bonuses, number of months of scheduled wages for bonus payments)

(2) Items concerning working hours
1. Scheduled working hours (scheduled daily working hours, scheduled weekly working hours)
2. Average monthly overtime hours
3. Number of annual paid leave days granted/taken

(3) Items concerning employment
1. Employees’ employment status (number of employees by gender and employment status)
2. Composition of regular workers by age (number of regular workers by age and by gender)
3. Implementation status of employment adjustment (whether implemented, employment adjustment method, reason for implementation)
4. State of employment of new graduates (the number of new graduates per school of graduation scheduled to be hired in March 2003; the number of hires in 2003, 2002, and 2001; hiring plan for March 2004 and the number of people scheduled to be hired per school of graduation)

(4) Items concerning management
1. State of management
 2. Management obstacles
 3. Future policy direction of main operations
 4. Management strengths

(5) Attributes, other
1. Organizational status of the labor union
 2. Status of childcare leave and nursing care leave system development (whether or not childcare leave and nursing care leave systems are in place, whether or not there are employees who have taken childcare or nursing care leave, number of employees who took such leave by gender, method of support for employees who are raising children/doing nursing care while working
3. Securing human resources, education and training (type of human resources especially needed, method of securing necessary human resources, education and training methods, support measures for self-development)
4. Industry, etc.
Date of Release 2005/10/12
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Business/industrial management and organisation
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2005-10-12
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.