University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0414
Survey Title Survey on the Relationship between the Utilization of Women in Business and Business Performance, 2003
Depositor Japan Institute of Workers' Evolution
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The question of the impact of companies’ efforts to take affirmative action to promote and utilize women’s capacities on improving those companies’ competitiveness has garnered much interest in recent years. This is because if affirmative action is positively correlated with a company’s competitiveness, such action will further incentivize companies to promote and utilize the capacities of their female staff.

Based on the above understanding of the issues, the purpose of this research study was to clarify the following two points of inquiry: (1) What types of companies are promoting the quantitative and qualitative utilization of female employees, and what measures are taken to promote female employees’ capacities, and (2) what impact do the degree of utilization (quantitative and qualitative) of female employees and efforts to promote the capacities of female employees have on management performance? The data and insights obtained through this study can inform companies regarding their future efforts to take affirmative action to address this issue.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe 3,347 businesses including companies listed in the TSE first and second sections and companies listed as over-the-counter stocks, life insurance companies, and non-life insurance companies, etc.
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Number of valid responses: 455 companies (valid response rate: 13.6%)
Date of Collection 2003-01 ~ 2003-02
January – February 2003
Time Period 2003 ~ 2003
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection This survey adopted a method in which the HR supervisor at each of the target companies described above was mailed a survey form that was later returned by direct mail.
Investigator Japan Institute of Workers' Evolution
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0414
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Company overview
Current number of employees when taking the number 5 years ago to be 100, industry market compared with 5 years ago, recent performance compared with competitors, current sales and operating income when taking the number 5 years ago to be 100, future management strategy, future personnel strategy

(2) Current status of female employees
Ratio of female employees to all regular employees, current number of female employees when taking the number 5 years ago to be 100, regular employees’ average years of employement by gender, hiring status over the last 3 years, ratio of female employees at a level equivalent to that of sub-section head (kakaricho) and chief, section head (kacho), and department head (bucho) and deputy department head (jicho), ratio of female managers compared to 5 years ago

(3) State of current efforts to promote female employees’ capacities
Creating project teams and leaders, presence/absence of a person in charge of promotion, current efforts to expand female recruitment, current efforts to expand work areas, current efforts to increase the number of female managers, current efforts to increase female employees’ length of service, current efforts to eliminate discrimination related to gender-based role division, systems already in place, self-assessment of relevant company efforts

(4) Goals related to promoting female employees’ capacities
Setting/achievement of numerical targets to increase the hiring ratio of women, setting/achievement of numerical targets to increase the ratio of female managers, setting/achievement of numerical targets to increase the length of service of female employees, effect of capacity building programs, etc.
Date of Release 2005/12/16
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Business/industrial management and organisation
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2005-12-16
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.