University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0494
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2005
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute has been conducting surveys in consideration of various viewpoints since 1969 in order to clarify the actual situation of new business start-ups, and since 1991, these survey results have been published annually as the "White Paper on New Business Start-ups." As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. All chronological data have been recounted to exclude real estate rental businesses.

As is clear from the Surveys on State of New Business Start-ups that have been conducted to date, the percentage of entrepreneurs in their 50s has been increasing since the latter half of the 1990s. As the number of newly-opened companies in Japan is growing sluggishly, people in their 50s are becoming an important generation regarding undertaking entrepreneurship.

Therefore, this survey was conducted with the aim of understanding the background of the increasing number of entrepreneurs in their 50s and their characteristics, and also to explore people’s image of entrepreneurs in their 50s today.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe New start-ups
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 8,836 companies, number of responses: 2,476 companies (response rate: 28.0%)
Date of Collection 2005-08-01 ~ 2005-08-01
Time Period 2005 ~ 2005
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Availability
8,836 companies that had been trading for one year or less (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation between April and September 2004.

8,836 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing from among the companies financed by the National Life Finance Corporation between April and September 2004.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Mail survey (anonymous responses)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0494
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Business type, awareness of startup risk, age at time of startup, age at time of startup preparations, management structure (at the time of startup/current), use of the "minimum capital regulation special system," important factors in deciding the location of the business establishment, franchise chain affiliation and reasons for joining

(2) Status of the manager and family
Gender, highest level of educational attainment, home ownership status, existence of a home loan, non-business income, household deposits and savings at the time of startup, presence of children in high school or above at the time of startup

(3) Business startup background
Work experience/number of workplaces/years of work as a full-time employee, total work experience/years of experience, occupation immediately before startup, number of employees at workplace immediately before startup, turnover form/restructuring of the previous workplace/reason, skills gained from previous workplace, motivation/reason for starting a business

(4) Preparation before and after startup
Start-up preparation (securing funding, employees, sales and contractors, and subcontractors, securing stores, offices, factories, and machines and equipment), whether or not respondent consulted someone/people consulted, useful advice received, breakdown of start-up costs, breakdown of source of start-up funds, status of loan applications from private financial institutions, confidence as a manager at the time of startup

(5) Business conditions
Breakdown of the number of employees at the time of startup and the current number of employees, current performance (business conditions compared with other companies in the same industry, sales trends, monthly sales, target monthly sales before startup, profitability), obstacles and difficulties, views on future business scale
Date of Release 2006/11/24
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2006-11-24
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.