University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0544
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes toward Welfare and Life (SPSC Survey), 2000
Depositor Shogo Takegawa
(Former Name:Shogo Takegawa, The University of Tokyo)
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This research was initiated for the purpose of an empirical sociological study of the relationship between public policy (especially social policy) and the values and norms they are premised upon. What are people’s differences of opinion on social policy? What are the underlying values and norms of such differences of opinion? What factors govern social consciousness of social policy? The basic problem awareness in this study is to answer these questions.

This survey is a large-scale nationwide survey conducted in 2000 as part of a study supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to achieve the abovementioned goals. This survey is abbreviated as the SPSC survey for “Social Policy” and “Social Consciousness.”

The distinguishing characteristics of this survey are as follows.
(1) The adoption of multiple question items to measure social variables and milestones with the aim of academic research.
(2) The aim of identifying deep structures in social psychology related to social policy;
(3) An attempt to provide data internationally comparable to surveys in Europe and the United States such as the ISSP survey.
(4) The adoption of unique question items whenever possible.
The results of this survey were orally reported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research co-investigators and research collaborators at the 2001 convening of the Japan Society of Educational Sociology, Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare, and Japan Sociological Society. In addition, they were published in the form of a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research report, discussion paper, and paper submission in academic journals. After receiving a 2005 JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results), the research results were again summarized in the report below.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe 5,000 individual men and women aged 20 years and older
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Valid responses: 3,991 (response rate: 79.8%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Placement (self-administered, drop-off/pick-up) method
Investigator Study group on state of welfare society (representative: Shogo Takegawa, assistant professor, The University of Tokyo), survey carried out by Central Research Services, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Nursing care of the elderly
Nursing care experience, place to receive nursing care, decision-maker for use of nursing care services, thoughts on nursing care of the elderly (evaluation of efficacy of welfare services/recognition of decreased family nursing care ability/stigma of using home-based services/stigma of using facility services)

(2) Life difficulties
Recognition of poverty, causes of poverty, risks to life (taking care of living expenses/nursing needs/unemployment/illness and injury/defaulting on home loans/divorce)

(3) Employment and work
Unemployment experience, government unemployment measures, level of unemployment rate that government ought to reduce, corporate measures for employment

(4) Education
Education level needed to ensure human rights, education level government should ensure, equality or diversity, how cost of higher education should be allocated

(5) Medical care
Evaluation of quality of medical care in Japan, pros and cons of keeping medical costs down, pros and cons of disparities in medical care, principle of distributing medical resources

(6) Role of government and state of social security
Policy areas in which disbursements should be increased (environment/health and medicine/crime control and prevention/education/national defense/elderly pension/unemployment allowance/childcare support/nursing care of the elderly/housing/culture and the arts)

Areas in which the government is responsible (ensuring employment/price stability/providing medical care/elderly life security/industrial growth/unemployed life security/alleviation of income disparities/ensuring higher education/ensuring housing/laws and regulations for environmental destruction/childcare support)

How social security should be (greater welfare and greater charges and lower welfare and lower charges/selectionism and universalism/necessity principle and contribution principle/pros and cons of intergenerational ties/public and private sectors/right to public assistance)

Pros and cons of inter-regional redistribution, scale of postmaterialism

(7) How family and marriage should be
View on gender (working women/housework and childcare/ evaluation of housewife/myth that mother should devote herself to take care of children until they turn 3 years old/gender role education)

Desired work style for women (if there is no children/if children are preschool aged/if youngest child is in elementary school/if children are adults)
View on marriage and family (sacrifice for family/approving divorce/standard to be faithful/norm that children should be raised by mother and father together/norm that couples should have children/norm that parents should devote themselves to children/taking care of elderly parents)

(8) Life and lifestyle
Altruism (helping those in trouble/volunteer activities/donating/participating in community activities), stratum identification, life satisfaction, evaluation of present and future Japanese society/view on life (social fairness/size of income inequality/future income inequality/pros and cons of industrious lifestyle/pros and cons of transient lifestyle), things important in life, feelings of emptiness, political parties supported

(9) Face items
Gender,age,health conditions,marital status,cohabitation with own parents,cohabitation with spouse’s parents,number of household family members,type of housing,years at residence,number of children/age/cohabiting status,living conditions at age 15,occupation,employment-related status,highest level of educational attainment,personal income,household income
Date of Release 2007/11/13
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA SocialSecurity/Welfare
Version 2007/11/13 :
Notes for Users