University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0641
Survey Title Life and Attitudes among the Elderly: 6th International Comparative Survey, 2005
Depositor Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Cabinet Office conducted the 6th “International Comparative Survey on the Life and Attitudes among the Elderly” in 2005 as a fundamental study of the aging population to understand life attitudes of the elderly in Japan and other countries.

Since 1980, this survey has been conducted every five years with a total of five times. It focuses on Japan and four foreign countries and surveys the roles, activities, and attitudes of the elderly in these countries. The survey results are then analyzed (chronological comparison of the countries), with an aim to contribute to the promotion of policies on aging societies in the future.

The survey-target countries are Japan, United States, South Korea, Germany, and France. The data set comprises compiled data from all five countries.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 60 years and older (excluding people living in a facility)
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size
Responses (response rate)
Japan 842 people (54.7%)
United States 1,000 people
South Korea 1,018 people
Germany 1,023 people
France 1,030 people
Date of Collection Japan: November to December 2005
United States, South Korea, Germany, France: December 2005 to February 2006
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan, United States, South Korea, Germany, and France
Sampling Procedure Japan: two-stage stratified random sampling

United States, South Korea, Germany, France: In principle, quota sampling was used to collect 1,000 responses
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview

Languages used were as follows:

As for the translation, the English questionnaire was sent to the survey organization in each country, and each organization translated it to the native language of the country.

 Japan: Japanese
 United States: English
 South Korea: Korean
 Germany: German
 France: French
Investigator Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan, survey carried out/data summarized by Nippon Research Center

Survey in each country was carried out by:
 Japan:     Nippon Research Center
 United States:  Kane, Parson's & Associates, Inc
 South Korea:  Gallup Korea
 Germany:    EMNID (Taylor Nelson Sofres)
 France:   Ipsos France

Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Basic attributes
Gender, age, marital status, household family members, number of children living in the same household, number of children living separately, years of school education

(2) Family life
Person who does the housework or most of the housework, time with spouse and time spent alone, role in the family and the extended family, frequency of contact with children living separately, view on interactions with children and grandchildren in old age, people who act as emotional support.

(3) Health and well-Being
Current health condition, necessity of assistance or nursing care in daily life, things kept in mind concerning health, daily meal habits, frequency of using medical services, degree of satisfaction with the main medical services used, dissatisfaction or issues with medical services, frequency of using daycare or at-home welfare services, people expected to take care of respondent when nursing care becomes necessary, dealing with medical or welfare services when dissatisfied, experiencing the disadvantage of being elderly.

(4) Financial life
Income for living expenses and main income source, difficulties in daily life, preparation for living expenses in old age, adequacy of current savings and assets for preparation for old age.

(5) Work
Experience of working for income, nature of the longest-held job experience, current job, intention to continue working for income in the future, reason for wanting to continue working, actual age of retirement, desire to work in the future, reason for wanting to work, reason for not wanting to work, preferable retirement age (men/women).

(6) Housing and living environment
Type of housing ownership and type of housing, move-in period, issues with current housing, overall degree of satisfaction with housing, issues in the community, overall satisfaction with local environment, livability of housing after respondent’s physical strength declines, housing preferences if a wheelchair or assistance becomes necessary, means of going out, inconveniences experienced during outings.

(7) Interactions with society, purpose in life
Frequency of interaction with neighbors, way of socializing with neighbors, presence of close friends outside of family that respondent can talk to about issues (men/women), participation in volunteer and social activities, reasons for not participating in volunteer activities, participation in learning activities, reasons for not participating in learning activities, use of information devices, reasons for not using information devices.

(8) Anxiety, concerns, degree of satisfaction
Presence of worries or stress in daily life/details of the stress, times when respondent’s purpose in life is realized, overall degree of satisfaction with life.

(9) Attitude toward policies
Whether policies give more importance to the elderly or to the younger generation, policies or support that are important for the elderly, views on the standards and responsibilities of the social security system, views on how to cover living expenses in old age, percentage of living expenses respondent must personally pay for in old age.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA International Comparison/Diplomacy
Version 2010/04/15 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.