University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0645
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes among the Elderly toward Health, 2002
Depositor Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary As Japan faces a truly aging society, it is important to promote measures for promoting health and preventive care that allow the elderly to have healthy lives and to establish systems so that the increasing numbers of elderly expected to require long-term care or support in the future will receive the necessary services to spend their twilight years living as independently as possible.

From this viewpoint, this survey was conducted for the purpose of understanding elderly’s actual situation and attitudes to health status, eating habits, enjoyable things and anxieties, medical care, welfare, long-term care, etc. and, through chronological analysis against a previous survey (conducted in 1996), contributing to the promotion of future social measures for the aging society.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 65 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,000 people
Valid responses (rate): 2,308 people (76.9%)
Date of Collection 2002-12-05 ~ 2002-12-23
2002/12/05 – 12/23
Time Period 2002 ~ 2002
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Stratified: Disproportional
Probability: Multistage
Two-stage stratified random sampling

*Weighting -- In this survey, to obtain a sufficient number of responses for late-phase elderly people with greater health problems, the sample size was distributed in numbers of 1,500 each for early-phase elderly (65 to 74 years) and late-phase elderly (75 and older), whereby the number of valid responses was set to be 2,000 or higher (early-phase elderly: 1,000, late-phase elderly: 1,000). Therefore, for the total summary to reflect the population composition ratio of those 65 and older, it was weighted by gender, early-phase, and late-phase age. The response rate (%) in the survey results is the value after weighting. (The total number after weighting: n = 2,307.)
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview
Investigator Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan,survey carried out by Central Research Services, Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0645
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Items related to basic attributes
Gender (F1),age (F2),marital status (F3),household family members (F4),whether or not respondent has a job (F5),longest held occupation (F6),presence of children (F7),type of housing (F8),income (F9)

(2) Items related to health status
Current health status (Q1),effects on daily life (Q2),state of daily activities (Q3),state of facing difficulties in interacting with acquaintances in everyday life (Q4), feelings in the past month (Q5) state of long-term care level (Q6), what respondent seeks to do to maintain and improve health (Q7), presence of physical activities (Q8), frequency of going out (Q9), reasons for going out (Q10)

(3) Items related to eating habits
What respondent watches out for when eating (Q11),contents of meals (Q12), people respondent eats with (Q13), problems when eating (Q14)

(4) Items related to leisure/anxiety
Enjoyable day-to-day activities (Q15), worries and anxieties (Q16), whether or not respondent has sleeping difficulty (Q17), someone to talk to about worries or anxieties (Q18), anxiety regarding the possibility of needing long-term care (Q19), desired place to receive long-term care (Q19SQ1), person respondent asks to be his or her long-term care provider (Q19SQ2), anxiety about the possibility of spouse needing long-term care (Q20), desired place for spouse to receive long-term care (Q20SQ)

(5) Items related to welfare
Usage of in-home welfare services (Q21), frequency of using in-home welfare services (Q21SQ)

(6) Items related to medical care, etc.
Use of medical services (Q22), awareness of informed consent (Q23), desired place to be in the last moment of life (Q24), life-prolonging treatment for self (Q25), life-prolonging treatment for family (Q26), expectations for government involvement in health management (Q27), degree of satisfaction with life in general (Q28)
Date of Release 2010/06/10
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

General health and well-being
Health care services and policies
Specific social services: use and availability
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2010-06-10
Notes for Users