University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0646
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes among the Elderly who Lives Alone, 2002
Depositor Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary We are approaching an aging society. Through the fundamental measures outlined for an aging society, we endeavor to support the elderly to live safe and independent lives while giving consideration to their diversity.

Currently, the number of elderly people living alone is increasing due to the nuclearization of families, and a further increase is expected. However, the existing opinion surveys have not been able to grasp the reality and perceptions of the elderly people who live alone.

By gaining an understanding of the realities and perceptions of elderly people living alone in local areas, this survey aims to contribute to the promotion of relevant policies on issues such as their worries in daily life, their livelihood, health and welfare.

A previous survey was conducted in 1999.
The main survey items are (1) survey respondent’s basic attributes, (2) worries/enjoyable things, (3) meals, (4) going out, (5) interactions with others, (6) finances, (7) health/welfare, and (8) housing.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 65 years and older living alone
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,000 people, number of valid responses: 1,941 people (valid response rate: 64.7%)
Date of Collection 2002/12/12 – 12/29
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection face-to-face interview
Investigator Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, the Government of Japan, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1)Survey respondent’s basic attributes
Gender, age, marital status, age at which respondent started living alone, people respondent were living with prior to living alone, presence of relatives (living within 15 minutes/more than 15 minutes away), health status, effect on daily life, certified status to receive nursing care, whether or not working, longest-held occupation, spouse’s longest-held occupation, type of housing, years at residence

(2)Worries/enjoyable things
Worries in daily life, details of worries in daily life, anxiety about the future, future anxiety, people to discuss worries, things respondent current enjoys

(3) Meals
Content of meals, issues related to meals

(4) Going out
Frequency of going out, means for going out, issues when going out

(5)Interactions with others
Interactions with neighbors, frequency of contact with relatives, preferred way of interacting with children in old age, presence of close friends, frequency of contact with friends, people respondent can rely on to ask to do chores, participation status in group activities, intention of cohabitation in the future

Financial situation and living condition, monthly income, main source of income, party to whom respondent can entrust property management

Frequency of outpatient hospital visits, use of day care/in-home welfare services, frequency of using day care/in-home welfare services, place of long-term care, emergency contacts

(8) Housing
Issues with housing
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2010-06-10
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.