University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0672
Survey Title Survey of Workplace Actualities on Human Resources Management (JICHIRO Fukuoka Prefecture Headquarters), 2005
Depositor Keisuke Nakamura
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Summary This survey was conducted for the purpose of exploring “appropriate personnel evaluation systems (work performance review system)” for local municipalities.

Based on the December 2004 Cabinet decision, “Future Administrative Reform Policy (New Administrative Reform Policy),” the National Personnel Authority proceeded with preparations for implementing personnel evaluation systems as of 2007, including indications that they will be reflected in performance-based salaries according to trends in evaluation systems in the private sector. Although civil service systems reforms are steadily progressing in this manner, human resource management systems have a major impact on the performance of local municipalities; therefore, work reflecting the voices of workers/the workplace are essential to system reform. Hence, there is a need to first ascertain the actual situation in detail, and it is important to identify the present state and future direction of personnel evaluation systems that will play a critical role in personnel management systems.

The All-Japan Prefectural and Municipal Workers Union (JICHIRO) Fukuoka Prefecture Headquarters have taken an interest in such problems and have proceeded with a survey study including a “1. Union member survey,” “2. Fact-finding survey of local municipalities that have introduced such systems,” and “3. Staff group discussion.” This survey corresponds to the “1. Union member survey” and was designed based on the following three points.

First, it looks at workers’ evaluation of the current work performance review system. Work performance review systems are governed by Article 40 of the Local Public Service Act, but it is said that such systems are not used as intended. It is difficult to find out why work performance review system are not being used as intended, but exploring the issues facing current work performance review systems is an important task. This study attempts to clarify such issues by providing survey items on the recognition and evaluation of the current work performance review system themselves and their operation.

Second, it looks at what workers think of the introduction of personnel evaluation systems. It is difficult to get all workers to agree to the introduction of personnel evaluation systems by local municipalities, but it is important to find out the reasons workers who do not feel that such systems are necessary think that way and their dissatisfaction with current systems, so that this information is reflected in the design of new personnel evaluation systems. To ascertain opinions on the need/lack of need for such systems and dissatisfaction with current systems, this study provided survey items on attitudes toward the introduction of future personnel evaluation systems/the reasons thereof/issues with current systems/possible solutions, etc.

Third, it asks, if introduced, what type of personnel evaluation systems are desirable. This is to create an image of personnel evaluations workers think of. Therefore, workers are not just asked about evaluation items and evaluators but are specifically provided survey items on how and where evaluation results should be reflected.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Local civil servants working in Fukuoka-prefecture and belonging to the All‐Japan Prefectural and Municipal Workers Union (JICHIRO) Fukuoka Prefecture Headquarters
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Survey subjects: 88 unions, 29,304 people
Responses: 62 unions, 16,242 union people (response rate: 55.4%)
Date of Collection 2005-08-10 ~ 2005-09-30
Time Period 2005 ~ 2005
Spatial Unit fukuoka
Fukuoka prefecture
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
The All‐Japan Prefectural and Municipal Workers Union (JICHIRO) Fukuoka Prefecture Headquarters distributed questionnaires to each union and later collected them.
Investigator Keisuke Nakamura
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0672
Sponsors (Funds) All-Japan Prefectural and Municipal Workers Union (JICHIRO) Fukuoka Prefecture Headquarters
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) State of recognition/implementation of work performance review system
(2) Dissatisfaction with work performance review system
(3) Important elements for operation of a personnel system
(4) Dissatisfaction with the operation of the personnel system
(5) Determination that introduction of a personnel evaluation system is necessary (unnecessary) and reasons thereof
(6) To what extent the personnel evaluation system should be applied to officials
(7) Strength of colleagues and superiors who are “good at the job they do”
(8) Work behavior/skills evaluation items (items that should be viewed as more important/less important)
(9) Personnel treatment items in which work behavior/skill evaluations should be reflected reflected
(10) Things needed for the personnel evaluation system to function
(11) Face items:
Gender, years of employment , age, rank at work, highest level of educational attainment, workplace, type of municipality, occupation type

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2012/11/14
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Labour relations/conflict
Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2012-11-14
Notes for Users