University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0722
Survey Title Fact-finding Survey on Children's Utilization of ICT, 2008
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary Since the late 1990s, the so-called “ICT media” (“ICT” being an abbreviation for Information and Communication Technology), such as mobile phones and personal computers, have developed and spread rapidly to assume an essential position in our lifestyles. Simultaneously with this, ICT media are rapidly infiltrating into children’s worlds as well, and the effects have attracted great interest from society. Against these social circumstances, the Benesse Educational Research & Development Institute has conducted a survey of children from fourth grade in elementary school to second year in high school, with the aim of grasping the state of and attitudes to ICT media use.

The characteristics of this survey are as follows.

1. Allows broad capture of attitudes toward and facts about children’s ICT media use
The survey allows the capture of basic facts about the usage rate and nature of usage of ICT media, such as mobile phones and personal computers and also enables information to be gathered about children’s own attitudes. Moreover, the survey has been designed on the basis of the perspectives of communication and learning, to allow information to be gathered on actual state and attitudes from the additional perspective of differentiation of media use.

2. Allows the capture of differences in developmental stages
The survey has been conducted with the same items wherever possible over eight years from fourth grade in elementary school to second year in high school, enabling appreciation of how usage reality and attitudes differ in conjunction with growth and development.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Fourth-grade elementary school students to second-year high school students
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Valid Responses: 10,267
Date of Collection September to November 2008
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability sampling, considering municipality population size and population density

*To prevent bias in responses due to the size of the cities where the survey samples live, three regional divisions (metropolitan areas/mid-sized cities/rural areas) were established in advance, taking into account the municipality population size and population density, and sampling was carried out so that the surveyed regions were spread throughout Japan.
*For elementary and junior high school students, the three regional divisions were established and multiple municipalities were sampled at random from the municipalities in each regional division. In addition, schools were sampled at random from the multiple sampled municipalities for the conduct of the survey.
*For high school students, schools were sampled taking into account the schools’ deviation value level in addition to the three regional divisions for the conduct of the survey. Note that the sample schools contained full-time academic high schools (including science and mathematics curriculum).
*The survey subjects were all public schools.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered survey using questionnaire distributed and collected through schools
Investigator Benesse Corporation
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Qustionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Face items
Year in school, gender, regional division, siblings

(2) Everyday life
Time use, frequency of various activities, use of video games, attitude to video games, etc.

(3) Personal computer
Whether or not respondent uses it at home, frequency and nature of use, education about computer at school, attitude to using it, parents’ involvement, etc.

(4) Mobile phone
Situation of ownership, frequency of use, functions used, attitude to using it, attitude to using it when with others, what respondent cares about when using it, parents’ involvement, etc.

(5) Thoughts on personal computers and mobile phones
View of science and technology, options for means of communication, use of blogs/bulletin boards and profiles, etc.

(6) Learning
Options for means of learning, use of personal computers in learning at home, time spent on study, grades in class, desired level of education, etc.

(7) Friends
Relationship with friends, etc.

(8) Home
Presence of a study room, parents’ use of computers, parents’ highest level of educational attainment, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refers to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 2014/11/17 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.
*Data on school names are not publicly available.