University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0729
Survey Title 2nd Basic Survey on Learning (Elementary School Student Edition), 1996
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The “Basic Survey on Learning” has been conducted targeting elementary school, junior high school, and high school students in Japan to gain information about the actual situation of learning in a broad sense, not restricted to likes and dislikes for study, learning behaviors, study methods and other superficial phenomena but including the stance regarding learning, environment, and learning in everyday life.

This is the second survey and questionnaire items are almost the same as those in the first survey in 1990. The characteristics of this survey are as follows.

(1) Shows changes over time
The survey has been planned for the purpose of longitudinal investigation, and survey items have been considered so that they can be used with every survey.

(2) Allows comparison of the actual state of learning in elementary schools, junior high schools, and high schools
As this survey has survey items that are deliberately in common, changes over time between elementary schools, junior high schools, and high school can be compared.

(3) Allows broad appreciation of the actual state of learning

(4) Carefully considers the selection of a survey sample
The survey schools have been selected in three regions: metropolitan areas, regional cities, and rural areas so that the survey results relate to students in Japan. The fifth grade of elementary school, second year of junior high school, and second year of high school have been selected for the survey because they are thought to be the most stable.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Fifth-grade elementary school students in three regions in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Valid responses: 2,665 (metropolitan areas: 769 people, regional cities: 708 people, rural areas: 1,188 people)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Metropolitan areas (23-ku (wards) of Tokyo), regional cities (prefectural capitals in Shikoku), and rural areas (Tohoku region)
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire survey distributed and collected through schools
Investigator Benesse Educational Research & Development Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Attribute
- Gender

(2) Daily life
- What respondent usually does
- What respondent feels when studying

(3) Learning at school
- Subjects respondent likes and dislikes
- Level of understanding of classes
- Subject respondent wants to study harder

(4) Behavior during class

(5) Studying at home

(6) After-school lessons, after-school clubs outside of school

(7) Whether respondent goes to a tutoring school (juku)
- Type of tutoring school (juku)
- Number of days per week respondent attends a tutoring school (juku)
- Average hours of study per attendance at a tutoring school (juku)

(8) Time spent on studying at home, time spent on watching TV, bedtime

(9) Regarding grades received in school
- Current grade/rank in class
- Grades respondent wants to get
- Grades respondent can get with effort

(10) Important things to get good grades

(11) Thoughts on studying

(12) Whether respondent is thinking of taking junior high school entrance exams

(13) Desired future path

(14) Value system

(15) Use of media

(16) Regarding home life
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 2011/07/21 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.