University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0741
Survey Title 2nd Basic Survey on Childrearing Life (Preschool Children Edition), 2003
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey was conducted to capture the actual state of childrearing in homes with kindergarten-age children and guardians’ attitudes to discipline and education. Benesse has conducted surveys for this purpose in 1997, and the survey this time in particular was designed to allow comparison across years.

Prior to this survey, in 2002, the same survey was conducted for guardians of children ranging from first-grade elementary school students to third-year junior high school students in the same region. Together with this survey, it is possible to follow the changes in childrearing across 12 school years.

The characteristics of this survey may be summarized as follows.

1. Allows an appreciation of changes over time
2. Allows an appreciation of differences between school years from first-year to third-year kindergarten/nursery school children
3. Allows an appreciation of regional differences in child-rearing
4. Adds new items in response to changes in the childrearing environment

*The data provided consist only of the responses from mothers in the Greater Tokyo Area. The data on the responses of guardians in regional cities and rural areas have not been deposited.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Guardians of children in kindergarten and nursery school to third year in the Greater Tokyo Area, regional cities, and rural areas
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Response 4,471, The number of survey targets: 6,121,Response Rate: 73.0%

*The data provided consist only of responses from 3,477 mothers in the Greater Tokyo Area.
Date of Collection 2003-09 ~ 2003-10
Time Period 2003 ~ 2003
Spatial Unit ohoku
The Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, and Kanagawa prefectures), regional cities (prefectural capitals in Shikoku), and rural areas (Tohoku region) 
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Questionnaire survey completed at home and distributed and collected through kindergartens/nursery schools
Investigator Benesse Future Education Center
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0741
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Child’s attributes  
Gender, age, order of birth,number of children, year in school

(2) Regarding day-to-day childrearing  
Respondent’s behavior and emotion in relation to the child, things respondent does with the child, worries and concerns about childrearing

(3) Regarding discipline of the child
Information sources on discipline and education, child’s lifestyle habits and level of satisfaction about them, Things respondent keeps in mind for childrearing, child’s behavior and attitude

(4) Regarding kindergarten/nursery school  
Reasons for selecting a kindergarten or nursery school, time spent in kindergarten/nursery school per day

(5) Regarding the child’s future  
Kind of person respondent would like her child to be in the future, level of education respondent wants her child to reach, intention to make the child take elementary school entrance exams

(6) Regarding child’s after-school lessons
Current after-school lessons, age of starting, educational expenses per month

(7) Expectations for guidance and efforts on the part of elementary school  

(8) Regarding childrearing  
Whether day-to-day childrearing is enjoyable, opinion on childrearing

(9) Regarding respondent and family members  
Satisfaction level of respondent herself (as a mother, wife, etc.); frequency of conversations with spouse; spouse’s understanding and cooperation in childrearing; respondent’s and spouse’s age, occupation, occupation type, highest level of educational attainment; respondent’s working hours; sense of burden of working while raising a child; family structure

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2013/07/10
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2013-07-10
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.

*The data provided consist only of the responses from mothers in the Greater Tokyo Area. The data on the responses of guardians in regional cities and rural areas have not been deposited.

*The following data are not publicly available.
 - Q1 (4)
 - Q14