University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0751
Survey Title Young Voters Opinion Survey (3rd survey), 2009
Depositor The Association For Promoting Fair Elections
(Former Name:The Association for Promoting Fair Elections)
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Period of Data Use Permission Usage period is unlimited for research purposes. Usage period is one year for educational purposes.
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Summary The “Young Voters Opinion Survey” aims to investigate the voting behavior and awareness of young people as a reference for future election public awareness activities. It has been conducted twice, first in 1988 and then in 1998.

This is the third survey. The subjects of the survey are 3,000 men and women nationwide between the ages of 16 to 29 years. In addition to the “young voters survey,” the “voters survey” was conducted targeting 3,000 men and women nationwide who are aged 20 years and older. The aim was to compare the differences in the awareness of the younger age group and the general voter population.

The questionnaires and survey methods for both surveys are the same.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Young voters survey: men and women from 16 to 29 years of age living in Japan
Voters survey: men and women 20 years of age and older living in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Young voters survey - sample size: 3,000 people, valid responses: 2,053 people (68.4%)
Voters survey - sample size: 3,000 people, valid responses: 2,226 people (74.2%)
Date of Collection 2009/01/23 – 02/15
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey
Investigator The Association For Promoting Fair Elections, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
DOI
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Values
- Hard work is rewarded in time
- If everyone works together, then we can change society
- I want to enjoy my life at the moment rather than think about the future
- If I can make a living, then there is no need for steady employment
- Things that apply to respondent (5 items)

(2) Perception of politics
- Whether respondent talks about/discuss political matters with someone
- Level of interest in national or local politics
- Early voting system, rules/details
- Leader of each political party
 
(3) Evaluation of politics
- Confidence in the political system (electoral system/political parties/Diet/central government ministries/mass media)

(4) Political effectiveness
- I have no power to influence what the government does
- People like me, who don’t fully understand politics, are better off not voting
- Who respondent thinks sways politics (members of the Diet/people/bureaucrats/corporations/the prime minister, etc.)

(5) Level of satisfaction with politics
- Level of satisfaction with the current state of Japanese politics

(6) Voting behavior
- If there is no likelihood that the party or candidate I support will win, there is no point in voting
- Because so many people vote in elections, it doesn’t matter if I don’t cast my one vote
- Thoughts on voting in elections
- Thoughts on the decline in voter turnout in recent elections

(7) Political socialization
- Parents’ stand on politics and elections (news program viewing, voting, etc.)

(8) Information Environment
- Newspaper reading frequency, frequency of reading a political section of a newspaper
- Television watching frequency, frequency of watching news programs
- Internet usage frequency, frequency of viewing news sites, main access methods

(9) Political party support
- Political party supported
- Political party of preference
- Whether respondent considers himself or herself an unaffiliated voter?
  
(10) School education
- Whether or not respondent remembers learning about politics or elections in classes up to high school/period/content
- Whether respondent thinks it is necessary to teach the importance of politics and elections in school
- Whether or not student council elections determined by voting were held in schools till high school  
  
(11) Other
- To what extent respondent thinks his or her own life is connected to politics
- Awareness of various TV shows and comic books that portray politics

[Personal Attributes]
 - Gender 
 - Age
 - Highest level of educational attainment
 - Whether or not employed, employment status, occupation type  
 - Marital status,whether or not cohabiting with parents
- Membership to various organizations (17 items)
Date of Release 2011/06/02
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
Version 2011/06/02 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.