University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0763
Survey Title Social Stratification and Social Mobility Survey, 1995
Depositor 2015 SSM Survey Management Committee
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Nesstar (online data analysis & metadata browsing system) is available for this data.
Summary The nationwide survey on social stratification and social mobility, also known as the SSM Survey, is one of the most traditional large-scale social surveys in Japan, and it has been carried out every ten years since the first survey in 1955 (by The Japan Sociological Society).

This 1995 survey is the fifth, and it was conducted by the SSM Survey Research Group of 1995. The survey consists of three parts: main survey A consisting of survey items centered on career, main survey B consisting of items centered on consciousness, and the prestige survey consisting of items centered on occupational prestige.

The data provided by the SSJ data archive are those of main survey A and B.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Voters aged 20 to 69 years as of December 31, 1994
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size
Sample size Valid responses Response rate(%)
[Main Survey A, Male] 2016 1248 61.9
[Main Survey A, Female] 2016 1405 69.7
[Main Survey B, Male] 2016 1242 61.9
[Main Survey B, Female] 2016 1462 72.5
Date of Collection October to November, 1995
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Two-stage stratified sampling (probability proportional to size)
(336 sites)
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
Investigator SSM Survey Research Group of 1995

Survey was carried out in 79 sites directly by principal investigator and co-investigators with the help of research collaborators and in 257 sites by Central Research Services, Inc. on consignment.

DOI
Sponsors (Funds) Grant-in-Aid by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Related Publications (by the Investigator) The 1995 SSM Classification of Industry and Occupational Categories, December 1995, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
The 1995 SSM Codebook, December 1996, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
The 1995 SSM Basic Statistical Tables, March 1997, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Hiroshi Ishida ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 1 Social Stratification and Mobility: Basic Analysis and Cross-national Comparison, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Toshiki Sato ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 2 Social Mobility and Stratification in Modern Japan : 1896-1995, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Yoshimichi Sato ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 3 Social Mobility and Career Analysis, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Kazuto Misumi ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 4 The Spatial Structure of Social Stratification, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Kazuharu Tsuzuki ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 5 Occupational Evaluations and Prestige Scores, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Takao Mamada ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 6 Consciousness of Social Stratification in Contemporary Japan, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Kazuo Katase ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 7 Political Consciousness in Contemporary Japan, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Masaru Miyano ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 8 Perceptions of Fairness and Social Stratification in Japan, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Takeyoshi Iwamoto ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 9 Structure of Educational Opportunity, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Hiroyuki Kondo ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 10 Education and Intergenerational Mobility in Occupations, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Takehiko Kariya ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 11 Education and Occupation: Analysis of Structure and Consciousness, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Kazuo Seiyama and Sachiko Imada eds., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 12 Changing Career Structures of Women, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Hahciro Iwai ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 13 Gender and the Life Course, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Fumiaki Ojima ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 14 Social and Psychological Functioning of Gender and Stratification, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Hideki Watanabe and Kiyoshi Shida eds., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 15 Marriage, Family and Stratification, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Nobuo Kanomata ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 16 Affluence and Disparities, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Yukio Shirakura ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 17 Social Stratification and Lifestyle, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Emi Kataoka ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 18 Social Stratification and Cultural Reproduction, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Shigeto Sonoda ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 19 Issues in Social Stratification in East Asia in Comparative Perspective, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Takatoshi Imada ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 20 The new Dimensions of Social Stratification, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Yuki Yosano ed., 1998, The 1995 SSM Research Series 21 Social Stratification and Industrialization, The 1995 SSM Research Group.
Junsuke Hara ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 1 Modernization and Social Stratification, University of Tokyo Press.
Michio Umino ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 2  A Sense of Fairness and Political Consciousness, University of Tokyo Press.
Hiroyuki Kondo ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 3  Educational Credentials in the Postwar Stratification System, University of Tokyo Press.
Kazuo Seiyama ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 4 Gender, Market, and Family, University of Tokyo Press.
Takatoshi Imada ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 5 Postmodernity and Social Stratification, University of Tokyo Press.
Kenji Kousaka ed., 2000, Stratification System in Japan 6  From a Stratified Society to a New Civil Society, University of Tokyo Press.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items <Note: (*) represents (employment-related status, industry, number of employees, job description, position title)>

[Main Survey A]
- Gender
- Age
- Around age 15
- Number of siblings, property held
- Current occupation
- (*), pathway to getting the job, characteristics of work, possibilities of getting a promotion
- Employment history
- (*), age at the time of employment
- Place of residence at the time of first job, pathway to getting the first job
- Level of educational attainment
-Highest level of educational attainment, graduated/dropped out, place of residence when education was completed, place of residence when compulsory education was completed, schools attended
- Presence of qualifications/types
- Education received outside of school during elementary and junior high school years
- Grades in the third year of junior high school
- High school
- National, public, or private, curriculum, percentage of students who proceeded to the next stage of education
- Junior college/university
- University, department
- Graduate school
- University, graduate course, academic program, acquisition of degree
- Father and mother
- Birth year, highest level of educational attainment, (*)
- Marital status, age at the time of marriage
- Spouse
- Birth year, occupation at the time of marriage (*), current occupation (*), highest level of educational attainment, father’s occupation (*)
- Children
- Number of children, age of the first child, age of the youngest child, highest level of educational attainment
- Number of household family members, relationship
- Property held
- Type of housing
- Stratum identification (5 levels)
- Status anxiety
- Lifestyle
- Sense of fairness
- Free time
- Level of satisfaction with life in general
- Frequency of cultural activities
- Home environment during childhood
- Attitude to children’s education
- Attitude to gender roles
-Political party supported, political party supported 4 years ago
- Personal income, spouse’s income, household income

[Main Survey B]
- Gender
- Age
- Around age 15
- Number of siblings, birth order, property held
- Current occupation, first job
- (*)
- Highest level of educational attainment, graduated/dropped out
- Place of residence when compulsory education was completed
- Education received outside of school during elementary and junior high school years
- Father and mother
- Birth year, highest level of educational attainment, occupation (*)
- Marital status, age at the time of marriage
- Spouse
- Birth year, occupation (*), highest level of educational attainment
- Children
- Number of children, age of the first child, age of the youngest child, highest level of educational attainment
- Number of household family members, relationship
- Division of housework
- Property held
- Type of housing, loan repayment amount
- Stratum identification (5 levels, 10 levels), class identification
- Stratum importance
- Status anxiety/self-assessment
- Sense of fairness, unfairness
- Sense of unfairness in Japanese society
- Principle of distribution
- Experiences of failure
- Attitude to children’s education, grades/determinants of the level of educational attainment
- Attitude to gender roles
- Change in standard of living
- Level of satisfaction with life in general
- Social status of friends/relatives
- Attitude to Japanese politics
- Political party supported
- Real estate owned
- Amount of financial assets
- Personal income, spouse’s income, household income
Date of Release 2011/08/31
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 2011/08/31 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.