University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0898
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2013
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. Further, in line with the inauguration of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute took over the operation of the survey from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

This survey was conducted in 2013 and included survey items on attributes and careers of managers of new business start-ups, start-up funding, procuring funding, etc., targeting companies that had received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation between April and September 2012 and had been trading for one year or less at the point of funding. In addition, this survey also includes questions concerning “state of family and income,” “thoughts on management,” and “current status of start-ups by women in Japan.”

As a related survey, the “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups (special surveys), 2013” (SSJDA Survey Number 0899) was conducted in the same year on companies that had been trading for five years or less at the point of funding.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies within one year of startup at the time of financing (including companies yet to start trading)
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 6,854, number of responses: 1,618 (response rate 23.6%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure 6,854 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2012.
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ Questionnaire ]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type, franchise/chain affiliation, main customers, location of main business, number of employees at start-up, full-time executive officers/regular employees at start-up, etc.

(2) Attributes and career of manager
Age at the time of startup, gender, highest level of educational attainment, experience in current industry, managerial experience, experience of managing a company, occupation immediately before startup/size by number of employees/reason for leaving employment, etc.

(3) State of family and income
Marital status, occupation of spouse (before startup/current), family structure, division of labor for housework and childrearing, feeling of burden from housework/childrearing/nursing care, monthly income of manager him or herself and family, level of satisfaction before starting the business (income/work/personal life)

(4) History leading to start-up
Month and year of business start-up, things emphasized at founding, desires concerning income, motivation/trigger for starting business, acquisition of business skills/know-how/ ideas, presence/absence of model managers/entrepreneurs

(5) Preparations for start-up
People who offered advice for the plan to open business, start-up costs and sources for procuring them, thoughts on the cost of start a business, measures taken to reduce the cost of starting a business, support measures you used at the time of start-up/support measures respondent wanted, etc.

(6) Thoughts on and efforts of management
Important things in business management, securing clients/customers at start-up efforts to make work easier, thoughts on future business size (sales, future stock listing)

(7) Management after start-up
Monthly sales (forecast/actual), current sales/profit status, current business conditions compared to competitors, supporting household budget with business income, working hours per week, comparison with right before start-up (income/working hours), current level of satisfaction (sales/work/personal life), worries before starting business, current difficulties, people to consult regarding management issues

(8) Current state of start-ups by women in Japan
Percentage of female entrepreneurs in the country, useful support measures for female entrepreneurs

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 2014/11/17 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.