University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0904
Survey Title Post-Election Survey for the 46th House of Representatives Election, 2013
Depositor The Association For Promoting Fair Elections
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission Usage period is unlimited for research purposes. Usage period is one year for educational purposes.
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Nesstar Nesstar (online data analysis & metadata browsing system) is available for this data.
Summary This survey aims to investigate the actual voting behavior, etc., of voters in the 46th general election of the House of Representatives held on December 16, 2012 and to make it source material for election awareness in the future.

The main survey items are as follows:
(1) Interest in politics/elections, (2) voting and abstention, (3) sequence of events leading to voting choice, (4) contact with election mediums, (5) about the electoral system, and (6) participation and contact with election awareness

Starting with this survey, the survey method was changed from interview to mail survey.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Individual men and women aged 20 years and older
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,000 people, valid responses: 2,155 people (71.8%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Sampling: voter registration lists
Sampling method: two-stage stratified random sampling
Number of locations: 210 locations in 184 municipalities
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey
Investigator The Association For Promoting Fair Elections, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc. and Social Survey Research Center of Saitama University
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Interest in/consciousness of elections/politics
- Level of interest in national and local politics
- Level of interest in this election
- Thoughts about voting

(2) Voting behavior
- Voting behavior in the House of Representatives election (for single-member district election and proportional representation election, respectively)
- Voting on election day/early voting/absentee voting
- Time of day respondent voted on election day/early voting/absentee voting
- (In case of responding that respondent did not vote) period when respondent decided not to vote in either the single-member district election or proportional representation election and the reasons

(3) Single-member district election
- Political party voted for
- Timing respondent decided which candidate to vote for
- Important issues when choosing the candidate to vote for
- Level of interest in political parties or candidates at time of voting

(4) Proportional representation election
- Political party voted for/political party of candidate voted for
- Timing respondent decided which party to vote for/candidate to vote for
- Important issues when choosing the political party

(5) Sequence of events leading to voting/source of information related to election
- Voting hours in respondent’s voting district
- Opinion on number of voting places
- Election information that respondent saw and heard
- Whether respondent obtained a manifesto issued by a political party
- Whether respondent saw publicity for the election on websites
- Issues considered for the election

(6) Previous election
- Political party of candidate voted for in single-seat constituency of election that led to the regime change (August 2009)
- Political party voted for or political party of candidate voted for in proportional representation of election that led to the regime change (August 2009)

(7) Political orientation, election awareness/electoral system, etc.
- Conservative/progressive
- Political party supported
- Life satisfaction level
- Forecast for improving life in the future
- Satisfaction level with politics
- Opinion on lowering the voting age
- Awareness of prohibition of Internet elections (as of February 28, 2013)
- Opinion about lifting prohibition on Internet elections
- Opinion about decline in voter turnout
- Whether respondent thinks it was a “clean election”
- Level of familiarity with “The Association for Promoting Fair Elections” and the Shirobara-kai (“White Rose Association”)
- Experience participating in activities of “The Association for Promoting Fair Elections” and the Shirobara-kai (“White Rose Association”)
- Level of awareness of the mascot of the movement for promoting fair elections
- Information to promote election awareness that respondent saw and heard

(8) Face items
Gender, age, highest level of educational attainment, occupation, employment status and position, years at residence, time it takes to reach voting place, family structure, affiliation to groups, main information source, means of connecting to the Internet

*For details of survey items, see questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Politics/Administration/Election
Version 2014/11/25 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.