University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0984
Survey Title 8th Survey on Marriage and Childbirth, 2014
Depositor Meiji Yasuda Research Institute, Inc.
(Former Name:Meiji Yasuda Institute of Life and Wellness, Inc.)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Meiji Yasuda Institute of Life and Awareness has been conducting an annual questionnaire survey on marriage and childbirth since 2005.

The themes of this survey are “marriage” and “childbirth and childrearing.”

Regarding “marriage,” this survey reveals the realities of romantic love and finding a spouse, thoughts on marriage, and the realities of married life. On the theme of “childbirth/ childrearing,” the survey reveals the realities of childbirth and childrearing, thoughts on childcare services, and the state of women’s work.

The main survey items are as follows.
(1) Romantic love and finding a marriage partner
(2) Perception of marriage
(3) Marriage experience
(4) Childbirth/childrearing
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 20 to 49 years in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 3,616 people
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure A considerable number of responses were collected based on each attribute (gender, age, marital status, presence of children) from registered monitors of Macromill, Inc.
Mode of Data Collection Internet survey
Investigator Meiji Yasuda Institute of Life and Wellness, Inc.,survey carried out by Macromill, Inc
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items Face items
Gender, age, prefecture of residence, region of residence, presence of spouse/first marriage or remarriage, type of housing, presence of children, number of children/gender, respondent’s/spouse’s current working style, respondent’s/spouse’s highest level of educational attainment, annual personal income, type (sociable/not good at talking to someone of the opposite sex, etc.), current concerns and anxieties about the future

(1) Romantic love/finding a marriage partner
- Romantic love
Presence of opposite-sex romantic partner/relationship with the person/frequency of meeting/whether considering marriage, number of past relationships/how respondent met them

- Finding a marriage partner
Services used for “partner-finding activities”/extent of use in past year/reason for starting using them/whether it has led to marriage, reason for not participating in “partner-finding activities”

(2) Perception of marriage
- Views on marriage
Reason for being single, feelings about marriage, desired age of marriage, thoughts on marriages with large age differences/reason, reason for wanting to get married, changes needed to decide to get married, reason for not wanting to get married, reason that the average age of the first marriage and lifetime unmarried rate have gone up, views on marriage, thoughts on “divorce later in life” (jukunen rikon) or “de facto separation while remaining legally married” (sotsukon)

- About marriage partner
Preferred way of meeting a marriage partner, marriage partner’s annual income, minimum annual household income thought to be necessary for married life, requirements for a marriage partner

(3) Marriage Experience
- Experiences leading to marriage
How respondent met his or her spouse, reasons respondent got married/the most important reason

- Married Life
Whether marriage was the right choice/reason, level of satisfaction with current lifestyle, what respondent expects from his or her spouse, time spent as a couple on days off and holidays, experience considering divorce/reason for considering (having considered) divorce

- Relation to work
Employment status of respondent and spouse before marriage, ideal working style in different life stages of women

(4) Childbirth/childrearing
- Childbirth
Desire for children/number, reason for wanting/not wanting children, attitude to/action taken (action respondent took) for childbirth

- Educational expenses
Expenses for children on which respondent wants to spend the most amount of money, presence of savings or funding arrangements for children’s education/methods/amount per month, presence of financial support from respondent’s or spouse’s parents

- Relation to work
Views on taking parental leave, period respondent wishes to take leave, reason for not taking leave, whether or not wife continued working throughout pregnancy and childbirth/reason

-Childcare support
Information sources and advisers for childrearing, whether or not help is available for childrearing until children reach the lower grades of elementary school, childcare support services used, type of facility used before child started school, important factors when choosing facility for pre-elementary school children/degree of satisfaction, requests for improvement of nursery and other facilities respondent uses (extension of hours, etc.)

Level of involvement of husband in childrearing/reason, husband’s daily role in childrearing, changes necessary to promote men’s participation in housework/childrearing

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 2015/09/01 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.