University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1082
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2015
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The “Survey on the State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate investment industry. Further, in line with the inauguration of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute took over the operation of the survey from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

This survey was conducted in 2015 and included survey items on attributes and careers of managers of new business start-ups, start-up funding, procuring funding, etc., targeting companies that had received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation between April and September 2014 and had been trading for one year or less at the point of funding.

As a related survey, the “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups (special surveys), 2015” (SSJDA Survey Number 1083) was conducted in the same year on companies that had been trading for 5 years or less at the point of funding.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies within one year of startup at the time of financing (including companies yet to start trading)
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 7,917, number of responses: 1,869 (response rate 23.6%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure 7,917 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2014.
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type (at startup, current), characteristics of business content (new points of business content when compared with other companies in the same industry, characteristics of products and services), business opened (whether it is a venture or new business), main business locations, main sales destinations, prizes received, number of employees (at the time of startup/present)

(2) Attributes and career of manager
Age at the time of startup, reason for starting business at that age, gender, highest level of educational attainment, work experience (intention of starting own business at point of choosing first job, experience in current industry, managerial experience, experience of managing a company), work immediately before startup (occupation, size of company by number of employees, reason for leaving the job, etc.), business management priorities, worries before startup, hardships at startup and present time, etc.

(3) Preparations and chronology of starting up a new business
Startup year, motivation for opening a business, close business owners, support received while opening the business, age when respondent decided to become an entrepreneur, age when respondent decided the details of the business, knowledge or ability respondent feels he or she needs to build more, initiatives to improve or complement insufficient knowledge or ability, startup costs and sources of funds, when respondent started saving own capital, measures taken to reduce startup costs, startup plan advisors, how initial employees were hired, background of startup, experience with startup support measures, period/content/efficiency of lectures on business startup and management

(4) Management after startup
Current sales and profitability, current business conditions compared to other companies in the same industry, manager’s income compared to before opening the business, whether manager and his or her family have income sources other than the current business, satisfaction with business revenue and work environment, presence of management consultants, use of IT in management, thoughts on the scale of future business (sales and future stock listing), etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 2017/01/25 :
Notes for Users