University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1083
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups(special surveys), 2015
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The “Survey on the State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate investment industry. Further, in line with the inauguration of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute took over the operation of the survey from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

This survey was conducted as a special survey for the “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2015” (SSJDA Survey Number 1082). It targeted businesses that had received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2014 and had been trading for five years or less (including companies yet to start trading) at the point of funding and includes survey items such as items on attributes and career of manager, start-up funding and procuring funding.

This survey is centered on the concept that supporting new entrepreneurs and improving business entry rates is a key task in maintaining the economic power of the country. Since it is known that companies started by entrepreneurs in their 20s result in longer-lasting businesses and contribute to maintaining the number of companies, this survey focused on the characteristics of young business founders and the issues they face.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies within five years of startup at the time of financing (including companies yet to start trading)
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 11,353, number of responses: 2,644 (response rate 23.3%)
Date of Collection 2015-08-01 ~ 2015-08-01
Time Period 2015 ~ 2015
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Availability
11,353 companies within five years of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2014.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1083
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type (at startup, current), characteristics of business content (new points of business content when compared with other companies in the same industry, characteristics of products and services), business opened (whether it is a venture or new business), main business locations, main sales destinations, prizes received, number of employees (at the time of startup/present)

(2) Attributes and career of manager
Age at the time of startup, reason for starting business at that age, gender, highest level of educational attainment, work experience (intention of starting own business at point of choosing first job, experience in current industry, managerial experience, experience of managing a company), work immediately before startup (occupation, size of company by number of employees, reason for leaving the job, etc.), business management priorities, worries before startup, hardships at startup and present time, etc.

(3) Preparations and chronology of starting up a new business
Startup year, motivation for opening a business, close business owners, support received while opening the business, age when respondent decided to become an entrepreneur, age when respondent decided the details of the business, knowledge or ability respondent feels he or she needs to build more, initiatives to improve or complement insufficient knowledge or ability, startup costs and sources of funds, when respondent started saving own capital, measures taken to reduce startup costs, startup plan advisors, how initial employees were hired, background of startup, experience with startup support measures, period/content/efficiency of lectures on business startup and management

(4) Management after startup
Current sales and profitability, current business conditions compared to other companies in the same industry, manager’s income compared to before opening the business, whether manager and his or her family have income sources other than the current business, satisfaction with business revenue and work environment, presence of management consultants, use of IT in management, thoughts on the scale of future business (sales and future stock listing), etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2017/01/25
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2017-01-25
Notes for Users