University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 1091
Survey Title 5th Questionnaire on Unease in Social Life (Survey on Unease toward Crime), 2014
Depositor The Nikkoso Research Foundation for Safe Society
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Summary This study examines public awareness concerning experiences of crime victimization, anxiety about being a victim of crime, and local public safety and crime prevention measures. It was conducted with the objective of providing source material for understanding the awareness of public safety.

In order to examine crime-related problems that resurface from time to time, a few question items and options covered in the previous survey were deleted or corrected in this survey, and new ones were added. The main questions added were about the increase or decrease in crime targeting seniors and children, sources of know-how and information on crime prevention, connection with the community in daily life, police activities to reduce juvenile delinquency, and items concerning the use of communication devices.

Furthermore, this study was periodically conducted to understand the interim changes in public awareness. The first survey was conducted in 2002, the second in 2004, the third in 2007, and the fourth in 2010; this is the fifth survey.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Individual men and women aged 20 and up living in municipalities across Japan as of September 1, 2014
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 2,028 people
Date of Collection 2014-09-25 ~ 2014-10-19
・Survey period by visit-leave-collect method (partially by visit-leave-mail):
2014/09/25 (Thursday) – 10/19 (Sunday)
・Due date to send back questionnaire for Visit-leave-mail method
2014/10/26 (Sunday)
(The questionnaires sent back until November 4 (Tuesday) were included)
Time Period 2014 ~ 2014
Spatial Unit Japan
Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Multistage
Mixed probability and non-probability
With the enactment of the Personal Information Protection Law, the access to the Basic Resident Register of local governments, if not for the purpose of surveys related to the federal or local government, became more difficult. For this reason, the respondents of this survey were selected using the following methods:

1) As a primary extraction, the total population of the districts chosen was summed up, and 150 streets in the survey area were extracted.
2) As a secondary extraction, 30 households were extracted randomly from the residential map of the 150 streets (4,500 households in total) as "formal target households" in advance at the headquarters of the survey company.
3) The sampling was performed as follows:
・Considering that the percentage of households living in housing complexes is increasing, a total of 3,100 households (68.9%) living in separate houses and 1,400 households (31.1%) living in housing complexes were extracted. The number of separate houses and housing complexes in each location was defined based on the properties of the survey area.
・Starting from the third house in each selected street, the ones that could be clearly identified as shops and companies were excluded from the samples, and every third house (leaving two houses between each sample) was extracted. In the case of housing complexes such as apartments, since it is not possible to know the number of floors or rooms from the residential map, the number of samples to be extracted from each housing complex was defined based on the respective size and every third household was extracted. Further, to make the floor of the households living in housing complexes as unbiased as possible, half the survey locations were extracted from the first floor and the other half from the top floor.
・The extracted households were checked on the residential map and assigned a number (01~30) so that the surveyor could identify each unit.
4) Based on the residential map and an attribute specification table, the surveyor visited the selected households and requested them to participate in the survey if they met the criteria. However, if multiple members in a single household met the criteria, only the youngest person in that household was requested to participate. Further, to reduce the bias in the response attributes, the extraction was performed according to the gender and age allocated in the specification table.
5) If the 12 criteria could not be completed in a single location due to the impossibility to survey the selected households (including when the gender, age, or residential classification did not match), more households were visited (leaving two households in between) to extract a respondent whose gender, age, and residential classification met the missing criteria as a "substitute respondent" until the 1,800 answers were collected.
6) Further, given the difficulty in obtaining the collaboration from single-dweller households in past surveys, a single dweller was randomly searched from each of the 150 streets and surveyed, separately from the survey above.
7) Moreover, in the case of 723 households (out of the 1,800 households extracted from the residential map) that were vacant in all three visits, on the final visit day, the surveyor deposited the questionnaire in the mailbox of each household and requested them to return it by mail.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire
self-administered survey (drop-off/pick-up method) (partially, drop-off/sent-in-by mail method)
Investigator The Nikkoso Research Foundation for Safe Society, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1091
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Experience as a Crime Victim and Filing Police Reports
・All types of personal crime victim experience and that of family members of the same household, number of times, number of reports
・ reasons for not reporting.

(2) Anxiety and Risk Perception toward Crime Victimization
・Frequency of feeling anxious about crime victimization, anxiety about household family members encountering crime
・Degree of anxiety about each type of crime, estimate of the likelihood of becoming a victim of crime compared with others of the same sex and age group
・perception of the possibility of oneself and one's family encountering each type of crime (risk perception)
・locations that cause anxiety about crime; and anxiety about walking alone after 11pm (self, family members).

(3) Local Public Safety and Crime Prevention Measures
・Public safety in the local area compared with the previous year, public safety in Japan compared with the previous year

・Increase or decrease in crime targeting seniors and children, public safety and crime prevention awareness from the perspective of individuals, neighborhood, and police; local crime prevention activities (civilian patrols, municipal patrol cars, police patrol cars, police patrols, police working in police boxes)
・patrolling visitations by police; awareness of bulletins published by the police
・Sources of know-how and information on crime prevention,experiences with defenseless and careless behavior in the past month
・One's own crime prevention measures, requests for the police, requests for the government
・Volunteer crime prevention activities by local residents, intention to participate in crime prevention activities, reasons for not participating in crime prevention activities
・Assessment of important details for crime deterrence (individual crime prevention measures, local resident activities, municipal efforts, improvement of police activity, efforts by businesses)
・Opinion about the installment of crime prevention cameras in public spaces, the importance of installing a crime prevention camera

(4) Juvenile Delinquency and Crime
・Perception of quantitative and qualitative trends in juvenile delinquency, tighter control on juvenile delinquency and crime, and police activities to reduce juvenile delinquency
・Whether the respondent warns unknown young people about smoking, whether the respondent warns known young people about smoking; and reporting child abuse.

(5) Local Area Conditions and Relationship with the Local Area
・Years of residence in current area, residents' awareness of local area conditions
・Presence of people in the neighborhood they can consult with and mutually help, awareness of local elementary and junior high school students
・Level of participation in neighborhood associations and residents' councils, participation in local volunteer organization activities.

(6) Attributes
・Gender, age, marital status, number of household family members
・Type of residence, residence structure, housing complex with number of floors, floor of residence, situation of household family members
・Use of communication devices and the internet as well as the frequency of use of communication devices and the internet
・Habits related to the media (newspaper articles, TV news, internet news)
・Occupation, annual household income
Date of Release 2017/03/01
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

LAW, CRIME AND LEGAL SYSTEMS
Crime and law enforcement
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
Community, urban and rural life
Topics in SSJDA Security/Crime/Disaster
Version 1 : 2017-03-01
Notes for Users