University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1117
Survey Title The Questionnaire Survey on Work and Life of University Graduate Employees around the Generation of Employment Ice Ages, 2016
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The Generation of Employment Ice Age (*) is now turning 40 years old, approaching to be the core members of the society.

* The "Generation of Employment Ice Age" often refers to the generation that was hired after the collapse of the bubble economy when employment was difficult (1993~2005). However, since there is an age gap between high school and college graduates, in this analysis, the term indicates the mid-level workers aged between 35 and 44 years as of 2016.

However, judging from the high percentage of non-regular employment, it is easy to imagine that this generation is very different from the previous ones in terms of economic activities and consumption behavior, work and family, and even living conditions and perception.

These changes in the work style of the Generation of Employment Ice Age (increase in the number of non-regular employees, jobless people that do not do housework or study, and others) also have a serious social impact. One such example is the increase in the number of potential recipients of public assistance, which would drastically inflate the required budget if materialized.
Under such circumstances, there is a growing need to improve the skills and stabilize the lives of middle-aged non-regular workers by providing them with better working conditions, such as indefinite-term employment contract and salary raises, and thereby create a virtuous circle that would benefit the companies as well. For this reason, the measures that support the development of abilities are important.

To understand the reality of this generation and their challenges better, the "Research Commission on the Economic and Social Impacts and Measures of the Generation of Employment Ice Age" held four surveys: (1) a questionnaire survey with 3,000 people, (2) a hearing with five groups engaged in employment support, (3) an individual hearing with five people of the Generation of Employment Ice Age, and (4) a community hearing in the cities of Niigata and Matsuyama.

This data concerns the questionnaire survey (1) above.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe College-graduated employees aged between 30 and 49 years residing in Keihin (Tokyo-Yokohama)/Kansai region (company directors, self-employed/home work, and help in family business are excluded.)
* Although the problems faced by the Generation of Employment Ice Age are by no means limited to college graduates, in order to clarify the impact of the characteristics of the so-called Ice Age focusing only on age groups – a very straightforward classification, it was decided to limit the respondents of the questionnaire survey to employees who had graduated from four-year colleges.
Unit of Observation
Sample Size Number of responses: 3,183 people(2,106 men, 1,077 women)
Date of Collection 2016/5/16 – 5/19
Time Period
Spatial Unit Keihin/Kansai region
Sampling Procedure After a screening based on age, area of residence, form of employment, and final academic background, the answers were collected with a target of 3,000 responses.

The target number of responses for each age group and gender was set based on the "Basic Survey on Employment Structure" (with employed men and women aged in the ranges of 30~34 years, 35~39 years, 40~44 years, and 45~49 years) conducted by the Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Public Management in 2012.
Mode of Data Collection Online survey with respondents previously registered as monitors
Investigator Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Face items]
・Gender, age, area of residence
・Employment status, highest level of educational attainment, major (humanities/science)
・Marital status, family members living together, last child's age, household supporter, source of income (if the parents are the household supporter), presence of a wage earner other than the respondent (spouse, children, and so on)
・Spouse's form of employment, personal annual income, household savings amount
・Loan situation, health conditions, and others

(1) Details of the work experience so far
・Year in which the current job began and whether the current job is the first job
・Years of start and finish of the first job
・Work experience other than the current or first job, years of work experience, and years of work experience as a regular employee
・Years of work in the longest job/year of finishing
・Form of employment (in the current/first/longest job), type of industry, work content, and number of employees
・Reason for leaving (the first and the longest jobs)
・Experience with internal education or training at the workplace, and self-support/business startup in the 20s
・Difficulty encountered in job hunting activities for new graduates and severity of employment conditions for new graduates (compared with the generation five years older/younger)
・Sense of work or remuneration gap (compared with the generation five years older/younger)

(2) Details of the current work
・Actual working hours per week, whether the scheduled working hours are defined, and method of salary payment
・Existence of an employment contract period and years of the employment contract
・Number of annual paid vacation days granted and number of annual paid vacation days obtained
・Position in the company, use of foreign languages at work, and role model at work
・Behavior while facing a problem at work, and whom to consult about problems at work

(3) Details of life so far
・Current life circumstances (financial/time availability) and plans abandoned due to the shortage of money
・Happiness at each age (20, 25, 30, 35, 40, and 45 years)
・Whom to consult about personal problems, job changing, and business startup
・Hours of sleep in a day (on working/off days), ideal hours of sleep in a day (on working/off days)
・Frequency of eating breakfast
・Ability to talk to unknown or unfamiliar people
・Level of interest in the newest information technology and devices
・Anxieties about the future
・Whether the respondent carries an umbrella when there is a 20% chance of rain

(4) Details of the usage of social security systems
・Acknowledgment of administrative institutions and consultation counter and experience using them
・Enrollment in unemployment insurance, public pension, and public medical insurance
Date of Release 2017/05/29
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 2017/05/29 :
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