University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 1138
Survey Title Tokyo Family Life Survey, 2008
Depositor The Institute for Research on Household Economics
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Summary In recent years, changes in the structure of families are becoming a focus of attention, in the context of the proportion of married women who are full-time housewives decreasing and double-income families becoming the norm. Further, in an environment where political and social initiatives for gender equality and work-life balance are being promoted, the structure of marital and parent-child relationships is once again being questioned.

The Institute for Research on Household Economics published the research report "The Landscape of New Contemporary Nuclear Families" in 2000 but, in light of the above changes in family lifestyles, the institute started the "Research into the Attitudes and State of Nuclear Families" project to delineate, anew, the state of nuclear families in 2007. This project distributed questionnaires to 1,000 nuclear families in the Greater Tokyo Area and takes an economic and attitudinal approach to the state of nuclear families in light of developments in the full-time work of wives (mothers), with a view to comparison with previous studies, in order to elucidate contemporary family relationships.

Prior to this survey, a preliminary survey was carried out in November 2007 that informed the revision of the design and methodology of this survey. (The preliminary survey targeted the wife, husband, and eldest child between year four of elementary school and year three of senior high school of nuclear families residing within 30 km of the Greater Tokyo Area, in which the wife was aged between 35 and 44 sampled through two-stage random sampling from the basic resident register. Questionnaire were distributed by the household visit drop-off method, and responses were collected from 113 households (response rate of 21.1%)).
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Nuclear family households located within 30 km of the Greater Tokyo Area in which the wife was aged between 35 and 49 (in cases where the household consisted of husband, wife, and child(ren), the oldest child of children between fourth-year elementary school age and 18). Taking into consideration that, compared to the 1999 survey, the tendency to marry and have children later increased, the age range for the wife was increased by five years compared to the 1999 survey and preliminary survey to 49.
Unit of Observation Family
Sample Size Number of responding households: 1,021 (Response rate: 26.3%)
After collection and excluding the five households in which it was found that a different child from the applicable child answered the questionnaire, the number of final valid questionnaires received was: Wife Questionnaires: 1,021; Husband Questionnaires: 885; Child Questionnaires: 467.
Date of Collection 2008-06 ~ 2008-06
2008/6/1
Time Period 2008 ~ 2008
Spatial Unit tokyo
saitama
chiba
Within 30 km of the Greater Tokyo Area(Within 30 km radius of Tokyo station)
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Multistage
One hundred survey sites were selected, and households were sampled from the basic resident register by two-stage random sampling.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire
Household visit drop-off method
Investigator The Institute for Research on Household Economics, survey carried out by Central Research Services, Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1138
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ Wife Questionnaire ] [ Husband Questionnaire ][ Child Questionnaire ]
Major Survey Items Three types of questionnaire were developed for each of the husband, wife, and child in the target household: "Wife Questionnaire," "Husband Questionnaire," and "Child Questionnaire."


[Questionnaire for wife]
(1) Family
Family composition (gender, age, children's school situation, living together/apart, etc.), number of children, number of years of marriage, type of residence, number of years of residence

(2) Job
Job type, details of job, work hours, one-way commute time, level of work satisfaction, annual income, combined annual income of husband and wife

(3) Parenting
Way of working pre/post birth and during child rearing, contribution of husband to child- rearing up to this point

(4) Residence, objects used in everyday life, schedule
Existence of space to relax and engage in activities such as writing letters, time of returning home, people to spend time with after returning home, frequency of use of non-work-related Internet and email, method of accessing the Internet

(5) Income and management of such
Existence of regular income, monthly income after tax and other deductions, proportion of own income relative to combined income of husband and wife, proportion that can be used for oneself, person who decided such proportion, money included in family finances, type of family finances, manager of shared family account/finances, how desirable the type of family finances is, person who wanted the current type of family finances, level of satisfaction with income, flexibility regarding family finances, etc.

(6) Marital assets
Views on possession of income of marital partners, proportion of total cumulative marital income accounted for by own cumulative income, one's proportional burden of total cumulative family expenditures, own proportion of burden of total cumulative housework by marital partners, total marital assets, proportion of total marital assets in one's name, power of disposition for assets in husband's/wife's name, proportion of own contribution to asset formation, opinion and importance of whose name assets are held in

(7) Meals
Way of eating breakfast and dinner, people who eat breakfast and dinner together on weekdays, number of times a week that all family members eat breakfast/dinner together

(8) Family conversation
Level of conversation between husband and wife, how conversation progresses, opinion regarding current level of conversation, number of emails received from/sent to husband

(9) Leisure activities on days off
Frequency of engaging in leisure activities outside of the home on days off, frequency of engaging in leisure activities at home on days off, how respondent wants husband to spend his days off

(10) Household chores
Husband's household chore burden, own household chore burden, time spent interacting with children

(11) Social network
Number of people respondent can rely on (work-related, neighbors, friends, relatives, family), level of connectedness with network, level to which network is shared between husband and wife, number of emails received from/sent to acquaintances and friends, distance from parents' place of residence, level of interaction with parents, anxiety or worries in the past month, etc.

(12) Awareness of family/views on family
Views on family and children, influence of one's work on family lifestyle, thoughts on husband, satisfaction with regard to marital relationship, mental and physical state over the last week, etc.

(13) Relationship with child (target child)
Amount of pocket money for the child and way of giving it, level of conversation with the child, way conversation progresses/desires relating to such, number of emails received from/sent to the child, child's share of burden of housework, opinion regarding the child, level of satisfaction with relationship with the child, etc.

(14) Attributes, other
Level of satisfaction with lifestyle in general, level of priority with respect to family and work, degree to which time spent with family is sufficient, highest level of educational attainment, experience of separation or death from spouse, etc.

[Questionnaire for husband]
(1) Job
Job type, details of job, work hours, one-way commute time, level of work satisfaction, annual income, combined annual income of husband and wife

(2) Parenting
Experience/length of time/type of leave from work for childbirth, child rearing, and nursing care, contribution to child-rearing up to this point

(3) Residence, objects used in everyday life, schedule
Existence of space to relax and engage in activities such as writing letters, time of returning home, people to spend time with after returning home, frequency of use of non-work-related Internet and email, method of accessing the Internet

(4) Income and management of such
Monthly income after tax and other deductions, existence of wife's regular income, proportion of own income relative to combined income of husband and wife, proportion that can be used for oneself, person who decided such proportion, money included in family finances, type of family finances, manager of shared family account/finances, how desirable the type of family finances is, person who wanted the current type of family finances, level of satisfaction with income, flexibility regarding family finances, etc.

(5) Marital assets
Views on possession of income of marital partners, proportion of total cumulative marital income accounted for by own cumulative income, one's proportional burden of total cumulative family expenditures, own proportion of burden of total cumulative housework by marital partners, total marital assets, proportion of total marital assets in one's name, power of disposition for assets in husband's/wife's name, proportion of own contribution to asset formation, opinion and importance of whose name assets are held in

(6) Meals
Way of eating breakfast and dinner, people who eat breakfast and dinner together on weekdays, number of times a week that all family members eat breakfast/dinner together

(7) Family conversation
Level of conversation between husband and wife, how conversation progresses, opinion regarding current level of conversation, number of emails received from/sent to wife

(8) Leisure activities on days off
Frequency of engaging in leisure activities outside of the home on days off, frequency of engaging in leisure activities at home on days off, how respondent wants wife to spend her days off

(9) Household chores
Own household chore burden, time spent interacting with children

(10) Social network
Number of people respondent can rely on (work-related, neighbors, friends, relatives, family), level of connectedness with network, level to which network is shared between husband and wife, number of emails received from/sent to acquaintances and friends, distance from parents' place of residence, level of interaction with parents, anxiety or worries in the past month, etc.

(11) Awareness of family/views on family
Views on family and children, influence of wife's work on family lifestyle, thoughts on wife, satisfaction with regard to marital relationship, mental and physical state over the last week, etc.

(12) Relationship with child (target child)
Amount of pocket money for the child and way of giving it, level of conversation with the child, way conversation progresses/desires relating to such, number of emails received from/sent to the child, child's share of burden of housework, opinion regarding the child, level of satisfaction with relationship with the child, etc.

(13) Attributes, other
Level of satisfaction with lifestyle in general, level of priority with respect to family and work, degree to which time spent with family is sufficient, highest level of educational attainment, experience of separation or death from spouse, etc.

[Questionnaire for child]
(1) Residence and lifestyle
Children's room and objects in it, Place for studying quietly, time of arriving home, People to spend time with after returning home, amount of housework allocated, frequency of Internet use, method of accessing the Internet

(2) Pocket money
Way of receiving pocket money and amount, satisfaction with amount, gratitude with respect to being given pocket money, non-pocket-money income, awareness of family financial state, etc.

(3) Meals
How breakfast and dinner are taken on weekdays, Intention of increasing/decreasing having meals together as a family, etc.

(4) Family conversation, social network
Level of conversation with parent(s), how conversation progresses, opinion regarding level of conversation with parent(s), frequency of seeing grandfather and grandmother, number of friends to hang out with

(5) Leisure activities on days off
Frequency of leisure activities on days off, desire with respect to how parents' spend their days off, etc.

(6) Relationship with parents, awareness of mother's employment, lifestyle satisfaction, etc.
Relationship with mother and father, satisfaction with relationship with mother and father, whether or not mother is employed, opinion concerning mother's employment, opinion in the case where the mother is employed, level of satisfaction with lifestyle, state of and income related to part-time work (arubaito) for children over 15, etc.

(7) Other, attributes
Gender, birth month and year, age, school currently attending, etc.
Date of Release 2018/09/25
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

ECONOMICS
Consumption and consumer behaviour
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
Working conditions
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND GROUPINGS
Family life and marriage
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
Social behaviour and attitudes
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2018-09-25
Notes for Users