University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1147
Survey Title Internet Survey on How One's Work Styles and Preference of Additional Child Birth Change after Taking a Paternity Leave, 2016
Depositor Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary After the legislation of childcare leave in 1991, the proportion of females taking childcare leave to which they are entitled has increased, reaching a high level; however, male utilization of childcare or short-term leave systems remains low. As such, while further measures are required, there remains a lack of research into male utilization of childcare leave.

Based on the above awareness, this survey on the state of male utilization of childcare leave and general trends was carried out to investigate aspects such as what marital situations, workplace environments, and social awareness regulate male utilization of childcare leave and under what conditions the taking of childcare leave may lead to changes in the way males work and their proactive participation in housework and childcare.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe All individuals meeting the following conditions were survey targets.
・Males aged between 20 and 59 who had experienced the birth of their first child in the last five years (2011–2015)
・Males who were employed at the time of the birth of their first child
・Males who lived with their spouse (and first child) up until one year after the birth of the child
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 5,721 people (People who took paternity leave: 469; People who did not take paternity leave: 5,252)
Date of Collection 2016/11/1
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure From the internet monitor, individuals who met the target criteria and had taken paternity leave (469 individuals) and had not taken paternity leave (5,252 individuals) were sampled.
Mode of Data Collection Internet survey
Investigator Intage research Inc.
Sponsors (Funds) Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo][Syukei-hyo]
Major Survey Items [Screening survey]
Gender, age, number of children, birth year and month of the first child, whether the first child was a twin, residence at the time of the birth of the first child, age of spouse,employment status (yourself/spouse), industry, number of employees at your/your spouse's workplace, your/your spouse's highest level of educational attainment, existence of policy at place of employment (paternity leave policy, shortened hours of work policy, etc.), existence of cohabitant (until eldest child turned one, when eldest child turned one), whether the respondent had taken leave such as paternity leave, Intention to take paternity leave

[Main survey]
Basic attributes
Gender, age, individual and household income for the year prior to the birth of the first child

(1)Regarding taking of paternity leave
Types of related leave taken after taking paternity leave, period taken, number of days of leave taken from leave other than paternity leave, reasons for taking paternity leave (own desire, influence of superiors, etc.), determinants of timing of paternity leave, details of communication regarding career plan and life plan with spouse, income security for period of paternity leave or other types of leave, reasons for not taking paternity or other types of leave, period of leave and main reasons for such, system utilized in taking leave (annual paid leave, spouse's childbirth leave, etc.), period of longest continuous leave, number of days of longest continuous leave, things that occurred during leave/time off, time spent on housework or childcare during one day of leave, share of burden of housework/childcare during leave, things respondent realized during leave, eldest child's place of birth, existence of people who provided assistance after the birth of the first child, whether spouse was employed/had returned to employment around the time the eldest child turned one and type of such employment, time when spouse returned to full-time work, childcare services utilized, occupation and position at birth of eldest child, work hours system, Initiatives regarding ways of working at workplace, superiors/workplace attitude toward taking paternity leave, situation concerning work succession during leave

(2)Changes between before birth (at the time of confirmation of pregnancy with first child) and after birth (one year after birth)
Changes in level of how busy one is, frequency of returning home before 20:00, time of arriving/leaving work, job-related solutions/hacks, changes in number of days of paid leave taken, views on work and family, awareness of other employees in the workplace, views on career and ways of working, time spent on housework/childcare before/after birth, share of burden of housework/childcare before/after birth (weekdays, days off), housework carried out at time when pregnancy was confirmed (weekdays, days off), housework/childcare carried out until eldest child turned one (weekdays, days off), ideal share of burden (ratio) of housework/childcare (weekdays, days off), changes in stress levels concerning work and housework at the time eldest child turned one, changes in satisfaction levels concerning relationship with spouse, satisfaction with spouse, changes in frequency of communication with spouse, changes in desire to have a second child, views on spouse's career, sense of fulfillment regarding respondent's work, housework and childcare

* For details on survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 2018/01/23 :
Notes for Users