University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1164
Survey Title Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics, 2017
Depositor Recruit Works Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics (JPSED) involves an annual survey of individual work patterns, incomes, and occupations in the previous year, with results to be tracked from year to year. Data from the survey will be used to create and publish the Works Index* as well as to grasp changes in the dynamics of employment and income in Japan. The present study constitutes the second JPSED survey. (For details, please refer to the official JPSED website:

Works Index composition
The Works Index was created to provide a benchmark of the ideal conditions in which individuals can work actively on an ongoing basis. Following discussion within the Recruit Works Institute, the following five essential indices were formulated.
I. Security
II. Self-living
III. Work Life Balance (WLB)
IV. Development
V. Decent work (DW)

Components known as indicators (see below) are assigned to each index, with points calculated on a scale from 0 to 100 for each index based on survey results related to each indicator. A score of 100 represents the ideal stat

Indices and Indicators in the Works Index
I. Security
- Working, or possessing the will to work even if not working
- Enrolled in unemployment insurance or receiving benefits therefrom
- Short duration of out-of-work periods (working in every month of 2016)
- Short duration of out-of-work periods (periods out of work for job changers/new appointees)
- High prospect of ongoing employment
- Never left work on employer’s request

II. Self living (economic)
- Own work income sufficient to meet own living needs
- Small variance between actual income and average self-living income

III. Work Life Balance (continuity)
- Little or no overtime work
- Ability to take leave from work
- No obligation to resign due to childbirth/parenting or care duties
- High degree of freedom in working hours and location

IV. Development (education and training)
- Responsibility for high-difficulty, diverse tasks
- Opportunities for OJT
- Opportunities for Off-JT
- Engagement in self-study (self-development)

V. Decent Work (DW)
- Appropriate work volume and burden
- Workplace is free from discrimination
- Workplace is free from harassment
- Organizations and methods exist to guarantee workers’ rights
- Safe workplace and healthy workers

Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 15 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 48,763 valid responses
- Ongoing sample (continuing respondents from last year): 34,796
- Additional sample (new respondents this year): 13,967
*14 respondents in the ongoing sample were residing outside Japan this year and therefore excluded from the aggregated data.
Date of Collection 2017-01-13 ~ 2017-01-31
2017/01/13 – 01/31
Time Period 2016 ~ 2016
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Sample was distributed by gender, age group, work status, regional block, and educational history, based on data in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications’ Labour Force Survey. The distribution was made to reflect the profile of the universe, but a smaller sample was taken from the non-labor force population aged 15-19 and the 65 and over age group. The actual categories used are shown below.

- Gender: man/woman
- Age: 15-19/20-24/25-34/35-44/45-54/55-64/65-69/70 and older
- Employment status: labor force population/non-labor force population
- Form of employment: self-employed/family work/executive/regular/non-regular/fully unemployed
- Education: Below university graduate/university graduate or above/currently enrolled
- Place of residence – 11 areas: Hokkaido, Tohoku, Southern Kanto, Northern Kanto/Koshin, Hokuriku, Tokai, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa

The number of samples collected in the non-labor force age group of 15-19 and the age group of 65 and over were smaller than the actual populations of these categories, so weightings were added to ensure that the results reflected the overall population profile (gender x age x work status x education; the number of responses after weighting was 48,681).
The report shows the results after weighting and not including students with no experience of working after graduation (pre-weighting figure is shown for overall number of responses solicited).
Mode of Data Collection Internet (monitor) survey. Responses solicited from survey monitors registered with survey firm.
Investigator Recruit Works Institute; actual survey implemented by INTAGE Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1164
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Recruit Works Institute,2017,『Works Report 2017 Works Index 2016―日本の働き方の定点観測―』, June 2017

Recruit Works Institute, 2017, 「全国就業実態パネル調査」プロジェクト,2017,『Works Report 2017 全国就業実態パネル調査2017〔データ集〕 Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics』, June 2017
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire 】 【 Summary sheet
Major Survey Items [Face Items]
- Gender, age, month/year of birth, place of residence,current residence, highest level of educational attainment, faculty/college of graduation, current year level, experience of dropping out,marital status, presence of children, number of children, age of children (oldest and youngest child), type of housing,cohabitants, main household provider,work status (January-November, 2016)

[Information as of December last year]
(1) Work status and form of employment as of December last year
- Work status,form of employment,employment status
- Reasons for working, reasons for taking time off work, capacity to start work immediately if available
- Desire to work, degree of desire to work
- Engagement in job-seeking activities, reasons for not seeking work
- Reasons for not working, reasons for not wanting to work

(2) Place of work and content of job as of December last year 
- Industry, size by number of employees, occupational category,official position
- Whether or not there is period of employment agreement, length of employment agreement
- Enrollment in health insurance system, pension system, employment insurance
- Number of days and hours of work (in one week)
- Wage payment method, hourly wage
- Mode of commuting to work
- Flexibility of work (freedom to choose work days, work hours, work locations)
- Work location
- Time use: weekdays/days off (sleeping, housework/childrearing, commuting, working, free time)
- Allocation of time at work (tasks directly connected with outputs of primary duties, miscellaneous associated tasks, time spent on standby/waiting for customers, etc.)
- Telecommuting time
- Adoption/application of remote work systems
- Number of times respondent left a job
- Level of happiness

[Information for the whole of last year (January to December)]
(3) Life last year (January to December) 
- Level of satisfaction with life, life events in a year, work events in a year, study activities
- Situation of taking leave, proportion of paid leave entitlements used
- Health condition (stress)

(4) Income last year (January to December) 
- Source of income for living expenses
- Method of meeting living expenses

(5) Study/training at work last year (January to December) 
- Increase in complexity of work
- Opportunities for OJT and Off-JT
- Self-improvement activities

(6) Workplace environment last year (January to December) 
- Workplace conditions (volume of work, discrimination, power/sexual harassment, labor union, injuries, mental health)
- Job characteristics (diverse work, understanding of operations as a whole, impact on others, individual discretion, proper evaluation)
- Job satisfaction (satisfaction with job itself, satisfaction with interpersonal relations, sense of achievement, career prospects, satisfaction with vocational experience to date, working with vitality)

(7) Work-life balance last year (January to December) 
- Stress in balancing work and home life
- Causes of stress

(8) Side Jobs
- Whether or not engaging in side jobs, form of employment of side job that generates the most income/job details, number of side jobs, form of employment of side job that generates the second most income/job details, number of hours spent on side jobs per week

[Information on the past, the future]
(9) First job
- Form of employment, industry, size by number of employees, occupation type

(10) Previous job
- Form of employment, industry, pattern of mobility between industries (broad categories), size by number of employees, pattern of mobility between sizes (medium categories), occupational category
- Number of working days/working hours (in one week), annual income, change in annual income (comparison of income before changing jobs and one year after/two years after)
- Pathway to getting the job
- Order of leaving previous job and finding current job, reason for leaving previous job

(10) Careers of women with children  
- Work status before/after birth of youngest child (when finding out about pregnancy/at the time of childbirth/on child’s first birthday),system respondent used when giving birth to the youngest child

(12) Past experience and future work intentions 
- Places of residence to date (at age 15, at age 20, at time of first job)
- Grades in the third year of junior high school
- Month and year of graduation from educational institution attended before entering the workforce, month and year of starting and leaving first job, month and year of starting current job (as of December last year)
- Month and year of starting and leaving previous job
- Annual income from main job, annual income from side jobs, annual income from sources other than jobs, spouse’s work status, spouse’s annual income, amount of household savings, amount of household securities investments, intention to change jobs/find a job
- Efforts relating to choosing a path undertaken last year, desired future path, determination of carrier path after graduating, job-hunting experience
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Notes for Users - If you wish to conduct panel analysis using only continuing respondents participating in both the first and second surveys, a separate application for the weighted data adjusted for withdrawals and predicted probability of continuation (SSJDA1165) is required. For reasons of confidentiality, the weighted data set is restricted data.