University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 1214
Survey Title Survey on Formation of Poverty in Shizuoka, 1953
Depositor Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This survey targets households in Shizuoka Prefecture that were receiving one or more of the following public welfare benefits: Livelihood assistance, Housing assistance, Education assistance, or Medical assistance, with the aim of investigating causes of poverty and the formation processes of poverty through an analysis of the lifestyle and occupational history of households receiving support.

The title of the data – "Survey on Formation of Poverty in Shizuoka" – refers to the responses from households residing in the city areas from the "Survey on the Lifestyles of Households Receiving Support," which targeted households in Shizuoka Prefecture that were receiving support and was carried out by the Institute for Science of Labour in 1952 and then processed by the "City Research Group Regarding Distribution and Formation Processes of Poverty Levels" (Official Representative: Shojiro Ujihara) in 1953.
The publicly available data has been restored from the 1,000 questionnaires stored at the University of Tokyo Institute of Social Sciences Library that were part of the original survey forms carried out by the Institute for Science of Labour. The person responsible for the data restoration project was Shinichi Aizawa, Associate Professor, Chukyo University.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Households in Shizuoka Prefecture that receive one or more of the following public welfare benefits: Livelihood assistance, Housing assistance, Education assistance, or Medical assistance
Unit of Observation Household
Sample Size 1,000 households(City area 396 households,town area 154 households,village area 450 households)
Date of Collection March 1952("Survey on Formation of Poverty in Shizuoka" in June 1953)
Time Period
Spatial Unit Shizuoka-Prefecture
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator Institute for Science of Labour
("The Survey on Formation of Poverty in Shizuoka" was carried out by the "City Research Group Regarding Distribution and Formation Processes of Poverty Levels" (Participants: Shojiro Ujihara, Eiichi Eguchi, Kouichi Sekiya, Akira Takanashi) at the request of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Planning Office).

DOI
Sponsors (Funds) The Survey on Formation of Poverty in Shizuoka was carried out with the support of the Ministry of Health and Welfare health sciences research funding.
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Assistance through the Public Assistance Act (Livelihood assistance, housing assistance, education assistance, or medical assistance, respectively)
・Starting date for receiving assistance through the Public Assistance Act

(2) Social assistance prior to the Public Assistance Act (Relief Act, Military Assistance Act, Mother and Child Protection Act, Medical Treatment Protection Act, respectively)
・Start and end dates for receiving assistance prior to the Public Assistance Act

(3) Recent assistance amounts
・Total amount and average amount for the months from August to January

(4) Medical treatment and benefits in kind
・Monthly average of medical treatment assistance (six-month period), other benefits in kind (name of item, number of units, monetary value)

(5) Household finances
・Number of members sharing same household finances, number of members in household excluding those absent
・Total annual income, average monthly income, income of cohabitants, income of members living separately

(6) Residence, furniture
・Residence: Floor area, ownership, relationship with owner, number of tatami mats/rooms, wooden floor/rooms, straw mat/number of rooms, total number of rooms, number of tatami mats/ size in jo, wooden floor/size in jo, straw mat/ size in jo, total size in jo, monthly rent
・Furniture: Clock, types of chests of drawers, number of futons owned (futon/blanket), number of individuals using them

(7) Current number of people in same household
・Relationship, gender, age
・Last school attended:school level, whether graduated or not
・Existence of illness or disability, degree of ability to work
・Occupation before receiving assistance: day labor, side job/piecework done at home, occupation and (monthly) income before receiving assistance
・Occupation in the last year: day labor, side job/piecework done at home, number of working days per month, number of working days per year, daily income, monthly income, annual income
・Side job/piecework done at home, occupation, monthly income
・Existence of income from social insurance, monthly amount, remittances received (six-month period)

(8) Effect of war or disaster, etc.
・Repatriation, time
・Damage due to war, time
・Evacuation, time
・Other damage, time

(9) Draft, Student mobilization, draft of family member
・Relationship, type, starting year, age at the time, year of completion

(10) Death or desertion of main breadwinner
・Relationship to current head of household, year of death or desertion, age at time, length of illness (number of years), income (monthly) at time

(11) Number of deceased household members (post-war)
・Relationship, year and month of death

(12) Agriculture (Year of survey and 1937)
・Area of crop land (in tan): single crop fields, double crop fields, general crop land, arboricultural land (tea, fruit, mulberry), total
・Area of land owned (in tan): rice field, general crop land, arboricultural land, forest, meadow
・Area of residence (in tsubo): owned, rented
・Number of livestock (at time of survey only): dairy cow, work cattle, horse, pig, goat, sheep, chicken

(13) Individuals self-employed in commerce or industry
・Cause of bankruptcy, time of bankruptcy, type of business before bankruptcy (name of company, scale, etc.).

(15) Main occupational history of main breadwinner or person who should be supporter
・Number of jobs, current state of employment, occupation, start year, reason for ending employment

(16) Ready cash partners (including merchants)
・Partner, amount

(17) Main living benefactors who are relatives
・Relationship, existence of assistance

(18) Level of lifestyle
・In early Showa Era, in 1937, before bankruptcy
Date of Release 2018/11/06
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Social Security/Welfare
Society/Culture
Version 2018/11/06 :
Notes for Users