University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1279
Survey Title Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics, 2019
Depositor Recruit Works Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary The Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics (JPSED) involves an annual survey of individual work patterns, incomes, and occupations in the previous year, with results to be tracked from year to year. Data from the survey will be used to create and publish the Works Index as well as to grasp changes in the dynamics of employment and income in Japan. The present study constitutes the fourth JPSED survey. (For details, please refer to the official JPSED website:

As part of the present study, a supplementary survey was conducted for respondents who stated their ages to be between 50 and 69, asking questions about work from the age of 50 onwards, and matters relating to the respondents themselves and their families.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 15 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 62,415 valid responses
*Responses are in three categories from the 2018 survey onward: ongoing sample (respondents from the previous year), additional sample (new respondents in the current year), and reactivated sample (respondents who did not participate in the 2018 survey but did participate in a survey in 2017 or prior thereto).
- Ongoing sample: 38,451 responses (out of 48,510 responses solicited, valid response rate 79.3%)
- Additional sample: 20,315 responses (out of 30,690 responses solicited, valid response rate 66.2%)
- Reactivated sample: 3,649 responses (out of 15,617 responses solicited, valid response rate 23.4%)
*20 of the above respondents were excluded from the total because they had moved overseas by the time of this year's survey.

Supplementary survey: 18,021 responses
Date of Collection 2019/01/11 – 01/31
Supplementary survey:2019/01/17 – 02/05
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Sample was distributed by gender, age group, work status, regional block, and educational history, based on data in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications’ Labour Force Survey. The distribution was made to reflect the profile of the universe, but a smaller sample was taken from the labor force population aged 15-19, 65-69, and the 70 and over age group. The actual categories used are shown below.

- Gender: man/woman
- Age: 15-19/20-24/25-34/35-44/45-54/55-64/65-69/70-74/75 and older
- Work status: labor force population/non-labor force population
- Work patterns: self-employed/family work/executive/regular/non-regular/fully unemployed
- Education: Below university/university graduate or above/currently enrolled
- Place of residence – 11 areas: Hokkaido, Tohoku, Southern Kanto, Northern Kanto/Koshin, Hokuriku, Tokai, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa

The number of responses collected in the non-labor force age groups of 15-19 and 65-69, and the age group of 70 and over were smaller than the actual populations of these categories, so weightings were added to ensure that the results reflected the overall population profile (gender x age x work status x education).

The report shows the results after weighting (The number of responses collected is the weighted figure).
Mode of Data Collection Internet (monitor) survey. Responses solicited from survey panel members registered with INTAGE Inc.
Investigator Recruit Works Institute, survey carried out by INTAGE Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire] [Supplementary survey questionnaire] [Tables ] [Supplementary survey tables]
Major Survey Items [Face Items]
- Gender, age, month/year of birth, place of residence,current residence, highest level of educational attainment, faculty/college of graduation, current year level, experience of dropping out,marital status, presence of children, number of children, age of children (oldest and youngest child), type of housing,cohabitants, main household provider, work status (January-November, 2018)

[Information as of December last year]
(1) Work status and work style as of December last year
- Work status,employment status, form of employment, whether or not business has a storefront
- Reasons for working, reasons for taking time off work, capacity to start work immediately if available
- Desire to work, degree of desire to work
- Engagement in job-seeking activities, reasons for not seeking work
- Reasons for not working, reasons for not wanting to work

(2) Place of work and content of job as of December last year
- Industry, size by number of employees, occupational category, official position
- Whether or not there is a period of employment agreement, length and number of renewals of employment agreement
- Enrollment in health insurance system, pension system, employment (unemployment) insurance
- Number of days and hours of work (in one week)
- Overtime system, involvement in overtime work and its nature
- Desire for increase or decrease in work hours, degree of increase or decrease in work hours, potential for work hours and workload to increase, reasons for wanting more work hours but not getting them
- Wage payment method, hourly wage
- Flexibility of work (freedom to choose work days, work hours, work locations)
- Work location
- Mode of commuting to work
- Time use: commuting, housework/childrearing (on weekdays/days off)
- Telework hours, introduction and operating status of telework system, eligibility for telework system
- Number of times respondent left a job
・Existence of non-work (blank) periods and the duration thereof

[Information for the whole of last year (January to December)]
(3) Life last year (January to December) 
- Level of happiness, level of satisfaction with life
- Live events over the course of the year, work events over the course of the year, learning activities
- State of taking leave, proportion of paid leave entitlements used
- Health condition (stress)

(4) Income last year (January to December) 
- Source of income for living expenses
- Means of covering living expenses

(5) Study/training at work last year (January to December) 
- Increase in complexity of work
- Opportunities for OJT and Off-JT
- Self-improvement activities

(6) Workplace environment last year (January to December) 
- Workplace conditions (volume of work, discrimination, power/sexual harassment, labor union, injuries, mental health)
- Job characteristics (diverse work, understanding of operations as a whole, impact on others, individual discretion, proper evaluation)
- Job satisfaction (satisfaction with job itself, satisfaction with interpersonal relations, sense of achievement, career prospects, satisfaction with vocational experience to date, working with vitality, working enthusiastically, being engrossed in work, feeling busy, sense of obligation to work hard)

(7) Work-life balance last year (January to December) 
- Stress in balancing work and home life

(8) Side Jobs
- Whether or not engaging in side jobs,intention to engage in side jobs, reason for wishing to engage in side jobs, reason for having engaged in side jobs
- Form of employment of side job that generates the most income/job details
- Business structure, whether or not business has a storefront, whether or not work is contracted
- Number of side jobs,number of hours spent on side jobs per week

[Information on the past, the future]
(9) First job
- Form of employment, industry, size by number of employees, occupational category

(10) Previous job
- Form of employment, industry, size by number of employees, occupational category
- Number of working days/working hours (in one week), annual income
- Pathway to getting the job
- Order of leaving previous job and finding current job, reason for leaving previous job

(11) Careers of women with children
- Work status before/after birth of youngest child (when finding out about pregnancy/at the time of childbirth/on child’s first birthday), system respondent used when giving birth to the youngest child

(12) Past experience and future work intentions 
- Places of residence to date (at age 15, at age 20, at time of first job)
- Grades in the third year of junior high school
- Month and year of graduation from educational institution attended before entering the workforce/ month and year of starting and leaving first job/month and year of starting current job (as of December last year)
- Annual income from main job, annual income from side jobs, annual income from sources other than jobs
- Who to go to for advice
- Spouse’s work status, work-related events (spouse leaving or starting a job),spouse’s annual income
- Whether or not long-term care is provided
- Intention to change jobs/find a job
- Efforts relating to choosing a path undertaken last year, desired future path, determination of carrier path after graduating, job-hunting experience

[Supplementary survey]
(13) Work from the age of 50 onward
- Work status and name of workplace at age 50
- Experience at age 50 and over of leaving a job, changing jobs, number of job changes
- Reasons for continuing to work, reasons for leaving job, reasons for selecting a new job
- Experience at age 50 and over of temporary work assignments, age when assigned, location of assignment and ownership
- Experience at age 50 and over of mandatory retirement, timing of mandatory retirement experience, work style at time of mandatory retirement
- Work patterns, work style, and status six months after mandatory retirement
- Existence of mandatory retirement system, age of mandatory retirement
- Existence of various systems (re-employment system or extended employment system, retirement benefit system, preferential early retirement system), experience of use of such systems, existence of and experience of using such systems in workplace at age of 50
- Retirement money received, retirement money expected to receive
- Whether or not withdrawn from the workforce, reasons for withdrawal

(14) Respondent’s personal circumstances and family
- Whether or not respondent is receiving pension, age at which pension payments commenced, whether or not respondent has decided timing of commencement of pension, when respondent will start receiving pension, amount of pension (to be) received
- Value of household savings
- Whether or not respondent is preparing for post-mandatory retirement life, nature of preparations, when preparations commenced
- Health condition
Date of Release 2019/12/12
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 2019/12/12 :
Notes for Users - If you wish to conduct panel analysis using only continuing respondents participating in the first through fourth surveys, a separate application for the weighted data adjusted for withdrawals and predicted probability of continuation (SSJDA1280) is required.