University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0006
Survey Title Survey on Career Formation among Female Workers with More than Five Years of Experience and the Actualities of the Implementation of Human Resource Policies, 1995
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standard
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary A decade has passed since the implementation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law. During those years, efforts have been made to improve the environment and the quality of the female workforce-such as the provision of a wider range of occupational choices for women and the elimination of discriminatory practices in recruitment, employment, and personnel treatment. In reality, however, gender gaps persist in wages, treatment, and other areas. Behind such gaps are the issue of working women's career formation and the personnel treatment system. This survey was conducted in order to clarify their current condition, problems, and future prospects, and to seek a desirable occupational career and personnel treatment for women. As a result, it has been found that while a considerably wide range of opportunities began to be given to ambitious women, gender gaps remain in the operation of the treatment system. The latter is a reflection of the sex differences in actual duties performed-differences which somehow influence promotion and advancement. Women themselves acknowledged that many women do drop out and that women differ a great deal in work attitudes. Yet, interestingly, it has been indicated that as women continue to work, their occupational awareness increases, or that those with high levels of occupational awareness leave visible results by remaining in the workplace. Also, the survey highlighted the way women's recognition that their way of working and performing affects women of later generations motivates them to work on given tasks positively and continuously despite gender gaps they feel in the workplace.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Female workers with a seniority of five or more years.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 992 effective responses from a sample of 2,200 such workers (rate of effective return: 45.1%)
Date of Collection 1995-11 ~ 1995-12
November-December, 1995
Time Period 1995 ~ 1995
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire
A record system in which questionnaires were distributed via JTUC-affiliated industrial units.
Investigator The Committee for Research and Study on Female Workers' Career Formation and the Actual Operation of the Personnel Treatment System, JTUC-RIALS
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0006
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March, 1996) Josei rodosha no kyaria keisei to jinji shogu no unyo jittai ni kansuru chosa hokoku-sho [Report of the Survey on Female Workers' Career Formation and the Actual State of Personnel Treatment]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items Demographic items: age; last school attended; seniority at present firm; firm's industry; size of workforce; family composition; and official position held in union.
Questionnaire items: change of occupation and type of job; course-specific employment management; educational training received after employment; gender gaps in work and training; anxiety and dissatisfaction felt in occupational life; promotion and advancement; work ability; evaluation of wages; desire for promotion; work satisfaction; desired educational training;reasons for selecting present firm; work plan conceived upon graduation; reasons for continuous work involvement and willingness to extend it to the future; availability of a model superior to pursue as a goal, and things to learn from such a person; past experience in thinking of quitting, and reasons for having decided not to; treatment of women who obtained a leave for childraising; women's employment management desired for the future; and opinion/suggestion for women who will be working in the future.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Gender and gender roles
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1998-04-01
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.