University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0694
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2009
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The “Survey on the State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. All chronological data have been recounted to exclude real estate rental businesses.

In conjunction with the launch of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute has assumed the surveys from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

The respondents for this survey have spent most of the crucial period of launching a business from the start-up stage amid an economic recession. Would the realities for starting up a new business and managers be different in such severe conditions compared to the ordinary years? Their characteristics are analyzed, including comparisons with data from previous years as necessary. The survey also focuses on work-life balance and uncovers the actual situation, but this aspect has been analyzed using data from special surveys with the expanded survey sample (SSJDA survey number 0695).

Note that the special surveys in 2009 expanded the sample to include “companies that had been trading for five years or less at the point of funding,” which also includes the data from this survey.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe New start-ups
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 6,910 companies, number of valid responses: 1,660 companies (valid response rate: 24.0%)
Date of Collection 2009-08-01 ~ 2009-08-01
Time Period 2009 ~ 2009
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Availability
6,910 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing from among the companies financed by the National Life Finance Corporation (today, the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit) between April and September 2008.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0694
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type (at start-up/now), breakdown of number of employees (at start-up/now), industry, population size at main business location, main business location (whether respondent’s home or not), franchise/chain affiliation, whether it is a venture business or new business, novelty of business contents, comparison with competitors on quality/price of products and services, current monthly sales, target monthly sales before start-up, current state of sales, current profitability/time when respondent began generally turning a profit, current business conditions, whether respondent has added or changed business contents since start-up, level of satisfaction with current business performance, intentions for future business size

(2) Manager
Gender, highest level of educational attainment, occupation immediately before starting business, employee size of company where respondent was working immediately before starting business, length of employment at workplace immediately preceding start-up, relationship between workplace immediately preceding start-up and current business, how respondent left workplace immediately preceding start-up, things carried over from the workplace, number of companies respondent worked at before start-up, experience of working in the related field/number of years of experience, novelty of business contents (compared to experience of working in the related field)

(3) History leading to start-up, etc.
Month and year/age when respondent began preparations for start-up, month and year/age of start-up, motivation to start business, trigger for going ahead with starting business, selection of start-up location (distance from customers, distance from suppliers, relation to birthplace/home situation), presence of a start-up plan/period when the plan was prepared, breakdown of start-up costs, breakdown of sources for procuring start-up costs

(4) State of family and income
Marital status, spouse’s occupation (before start-up/now), number of family members (before start-up/now), average monthly take-home incomes of manager and family (before start-up/now), changes triggered by start-up

(5) Lifestyle and workstyle
State before start-up (degree of freedom to decide working hours, sense of enrichment from work, working hours per week, commuting time, number of days off per month, hours of sleep per day, work-related stress)

Current state (degree of freedom to decide working hours, sense of enrichment from work, working hours per week, commuting time, number of days off per month, hours of sleep per day, work-related stress)

Time spent working/time spent for daily life (desired change for time use before start-up, change after start-up, desired change now)

State of work-life balance before start-up and now, change to work-life balance after start-up, priority of work and life

Level of satisfaction before start-up and now (income/work/life/work-life balance)
Date of Release 2010/09/09
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2010-09-09
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.