University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0903
Survey Title Survey of Parents/guardians' Attitudes toward School Education, 2012
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey was conducted with the intention of clarifying guardians’ attitudes to school education. We asked their opinions on a variety of subjects, including the things they expect from school education, school reform, and education outside of school. As a variety of reforms are being tested, we aim to understand what guardians expect and think of school education. We believe we have gathered data that will prove useful in the future reconsideration of educational practices.

For our 2012 study, we have implemented two different surveys: one national survey to facilitate comparisons with results from 2004 and 2008, as well as a Tokyo survey for comparing public and private schools.
For the 2004 survey, please refer to the survey number 0539. For the 2008 survey, please refer to the survey number 0902.

 The special characteristics of this survey can be summarized as the following.
 1. It can grasp changes occurring across eras.
 2. It can grasp the differences between elementary school and junior high school parents.
 3. It can grasp differences in attitudes resulting from different parent characteristics.

This is an attitudes survey related to education that targets parents of elementary and junior high school children, carried out via collaboration with the Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute and the Asahi Shimbun Company.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe [National survey]
Guardians of second-grade and fifth-grade elementary school students and second-year junior high school students nationwide

[Tokyo survey]
Guardians of second-year public and private junior high school students in Tokyo.
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [National survey]
6,831 people(number of questionnaires distributed: 8,766, response rate: 77.9%)

[Tokyo metropolitan survey]
3,336 people (number of questionnaires distributed: 4,574, response rate: 72.9%)
Date of Collection 2012-11 ~ 2013-01
November 2012 to January 2013
Time Period 2012 ~ 2012
Spatial Unit Japan
Across Japan, Tokyo metropolitan area
Sampling Procedure Other
[National survey]
Number of participating schools: 28 public elementary schools and 25 public junior high schools

In order to refine the accuracy of our longitudinal comparisons, we weighted the survey such that the composition ratio by region for each survey year is equal to the composition ratio of children and students nationwide during that year. Specifically, we used the numbers of students and children in each administrative division for each year that the MEXT “Basic Survey of Schools” was conducted (2003, 2007, 2012). We calculated ratios for each for four regions (Hokkaido/Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu/Kinki, and Chugoku/Shikoku/Kyushu/Okinawa) (using the student numbers from the “Basic Survey of Schools” and this survey’s sample size) and used them as weights.

[Tokyo metropolitan survey]
Number of participating schools: 15 public junior high schools and 16 private junior high schools

- As for school extraction, we used rates of moving from public elementary schools to private schools to separate the municipal districts of Tokyo into 3 regional blocks (private school advancement rate of 20% or greater, around 10%, and less than 10%) and selected city districts from these blocks. For public junior high schools, we extracted schools that were balanced in terms of school size, and for private schools, we extracted schools that were balanced in terms of deviation value, co-education, and whether or not they were affiliated with colleges. As a result, the figures for public and private junior high schools do not necessarily reflect the entirety of schools across Tokyo.

- 104 respondents from public junior high schools in the Tokyo area also participated in the national survey.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Household self-administered survey passed out at schools (distributed and collected via children)
Investigator Benesse Educational Research & Development Institute, the Asahi Shimbun Company
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0903
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Face items]
- Respondent’s children: gender, year in school, birth order, number of children, relationship
- Respondent: ages of mother and father of the child, occupation of mother of the child, family structure, number of household family members, parents’ level of educational attainment, sense of financial comfort

[Major items]
- Things respondent expects from school education
- Things respondent wants from a school
- Relationship with school
- Level of satisfaction with the school’s efforts
- After-school lessons and tutoring schools (juku)
- Manner of child’s learning
- Educational expenses
- Desired education level
- Junior high school entrance exam
- Study abroad
- Child’s future
- The future of Japanese society
- For or against education reform efforts
- For or against implementation of these efforts and changing systems
- Opinion on education
- Tax burden relating to education
- Regarding public schools and private schools, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2015/07/02
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Compulsory and pre-school education
Educational policy
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2015-07-02
Notes for Users *The following data have not been made public.
- Q1 (1)-1. school name, (6) place of residence (only the regional division is provided)