University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0035
Survey Title Survey on Changes in the Family and Life Planning, 1983
Depositor Japan Institute of Life Insurance
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary The contemporary family faces a variety of problems, and in order to understand them adequately, we need to objectively grasp the wife-husband, parent-child relations and family cohesion. In 1983 we began a three-year plan of studying the family--a base of our life-with an aim of deriving an image of the future family on the basis of such understanding. Since the inception of the plan, research has been conducted mainly by a Family Problems Study Group, a Life Planning Study Group, and a Nuclear Family Research Team. This survey, which belongs to the third research unit, attempts through empirical investigation to identify changes in the family and to grasp the state of life planning activities under the changes. The survey consists of three questionnaires each directed to "husbands," "wives," and "households."
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Nuclear families, or households composed by a married couple only or a married couple and their child(ren) (with the female homemaker aged between 25 and 54).
Unit of Observation Individual,Household
Sample Size A sample of 3,000 such households
1. Wives' questionnaire
2,319 responses (Rate of return: 77.3%)
2. Husbands' questionnaire
2,035 responses (Rate of return: 67.8%)
3. Household questionnaire
2,217 responses (Rate of return: 73.9%)
Date of Collection 1983-10-01 ~ 1983-10-01
October, 1983
Time Period 1983 ~ 1983
Spatial Unit Japan
All over Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Stratified
Probability: Multistage
Stratified (random) sub-sampling
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
Self-administered questionnaire
1. Face-to-face interview system
2. Record system (partially combined with interview system)
3. Record system (partially combined with interview system)
Investigator Japan Institute of Life Insurance The field work was performed by Chuo chosasha.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0035
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Japan Institute of Life Insurance (May, 1985) Kazoku no henka to seikatsu sekkei ni kansuru chosa [The Survey on Changes in the Family and Financial Life Planning]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Tsuma you Chosa-hyo][Otto you Chosa-hyo][Setai you Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items 1. Wives' Questionnaire
(1) Awareness of family problems (knowledge of relevant news and problems experienced); (2) family cohesion (awareness of issue; oneness of her own family; comparison with her family of origin; and view of oneness); (3) role division (image of ideal family; decision-maker; and care-taker); (4) family norms (children- v.s. parents-centered; individual- v.s. family-oriented; functions of family; and sphere of family responsibility); (5) employment of homemaker (state of employment, and frequency of going out); (6) housekeeping (degree of husband's cooperation; degree of children's cooperation; and view of housekeeping); (7) children (number; sex, age, and schooling; living arrangements; and marital status); (8) childraising (state of cooperation; view of childraising; homemaker's employment and outings during childraising; place of childcare while out; and housing situation of nursing relatives); (9) children's education (policy; view of education and discipline; significance of raising children; and meaning of having children); (10) senior life (living with children v.s. living separately from children; children desired for living together; willingness to live together by condition; place of residence desired for senior life; and view of family support in senior life); (11) family circle (husband's availability at home; time when family members come home; frequency of having happy circle; way of spending time after dinner; and enjoyable family leisure activities); (12) networks (sphere of husband's friendship before/after marriage; sphere of couple's social contacts; sphere of daily communication; and place of marriage life consultation); (13) family conversation (duration; wife-husband conversation on discipline; state of consulting husband; degree of satisfaction with wife-husband conversation; state of conversation with children); (14) recreation and relaxation at home (resting; feeling of discontinuity of spiritual contact; and sense of one's own existence); and (15) degree of satisfaction with family, wife-husband, and parent-child relationships.

2. Husbands' Questionnaire
Items here are approximately the same as those for the wife; omitted here are the items under (1), (5), (7), (8) (except for view of childraising), and (11).

3. Household Questionnaire
Household profile:
Age, occupation, and education of household head and wife; husband's occupational transfers; business ownership status; possibility of succeeding parents' or relatives' house; actual feeling of life; areas for further investment if and when financially comfortable; areas to save when financially tight; annual household income; wife's income; household's monthly consumption expenditure; monthly educational expenses; monthly savings; balance of savings; monthly loans repaid; purpose of getting loans; monthly housing loans repaid; and annual life insurance premiums.
Questionnaire items:
(1) Consciousness on life planning (attitudes to life planning, consciousness of life planning, need for life planning, meaning of life planning, areas to be improved in the future, and anxieties expected in the future); (2) family events (events to take place as family customs, what is to be done with non-family members, desire for knowledge of the conventions and how to follow them, desire for knowledge of necessary expenses, demand for general information services, occasions for continued family/relatives celebration, and range of people who gather on New Year's Day); (3) state of implementation of life planning, and subjects of planning; (4)educational funds (funding sources, and age for starting to reserve); (5)marriage funds (funding sources, and age for starting to reserve); (6) housing funds (type of housing; year of obtaining home ownership; method of obtaining home ownership; expenses; share of self-prepared funds; period of reserve; and plans for land/home purchase, home building, and home renovation); (7) emergency funds (amount required, sources, amount actually required for living, degree of sufficiency, and measures to take when insufficient); (8) old-age funds (state of preparation, means of reserving funds, age for starting to reserve, and reasons for not needing to reserve); and (9) relations with old parents (old parents' livelihood, children extending financial support, old parents' place of residence, reasons for living separately, circumstances of living separately, frequency of visiting, caretaking, and financial aid from old parents).
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Income, property and investment/saving
Family life and marriage
Social change
Topics in SSJDA Society/Culture
Version 1 : 1998-04-01
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.