University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0104
Survey Title Survey on Employment Policies for Middle and Old Age Workers and their Attitudes toward Work, 1992
Depositor JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standard
(Former Name:Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards)
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Japan's future labor market will be characterized by further aging and shrinkage of the workforce itself. Such structural changes in the labor market cannot go without greatly affecting corporate labor management, life designing of individual workers, and social security policies including pension. Thus, it will become an important policy issue to study the way employment of middle-aged workers should be in order to cope with the expected changes in the future. Foreseeing a reformed pension system, this survey aims to clarify what consciousness middle-aged workers (in their 40s and 50s) have about future employment. The survey is made up of a workers' questionnaire on employment consciousness and a companies' questionnaire on employment policy for this particular population.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe [Workers' Questionnaire] Employed individuals in their 40s and 50s
[Companies' Questionnaire] Companies
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Workers' Questionnaire]
2,000 sampled; 956 responded; 47.8% effective
[Companies' Questionnaire]
800 sampled; 340 responded; 42.5% effective
Date of Collection 1992-11 ~ 1992-12
November-December, 1992
Time Period 1992 ~ 1992
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection JTUC-RIALS distributed and collected questionnaires in cooperation with industrial unions.
Investigator JTUC (Rengo) Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0104
Sponsors (Funds) The Ministry of International Trade and Industry
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March 1993) Heisei 4-nendo Shinjidai no roshi kankei ni kansuru ch-osa kenkyu (Chuko-nen rodosha no shugyo ishiki ni kansuru chosa kenkyu) (Research Study on Industrial Relations in a New Era, 1992: Research Study on Middle-Aged Workers' Employment Consciousness)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Kojin you Chosa-hyo][Kigyou you Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items [Workers' Questionnaire]
(1) Demographic items: sex; age; seniority; occupation; form of employment; title; union office experience; industry; number of employees; household composition; number of children; household income sources; dwelling place; type of dwelling; availability of corporate pension plans; availability of health insurance unions.
(2) Retirement programs and customs: retirement age; availability of programs and customs for post-retirement employment; post-retirement age limits for work; availability of early retirement programs; retirement age system; preferences concerning current retirement age.
(3) Preferences concerning retirement extension: retirement age; retirement programs after extension; job and title for extended period; annual income for extended period; who is to decide lower income for extended period; work after extended period (attitude to institutionalization; work place, job, income desired).
(4) Satisfaction from work and occupational future: satisfaction from work; worries about daily work; desires for the future.
(5) Actual and desired employment upon retirement: general occupational course around retirement age; desire to work around retirement age; reasons for desire; retirement age desired; way of work desired; reasons for quitting income-generating work after retirement; requests on corporate measures for aging.
(6) Living condition at retirement: worries about post-retirement life; current coverage by individual pension plans; transition to home ownership and loan payment at retirement; life stage of last-born child at retirement.
(7) Corporate/employee pension: evaluation of current benefit levels; opinion of contributions and benefit levels; opinion of eligibility age.

[Companies' Questionnaire]
(1) Basic items: industry; location of headquarters; average age of regular employees; number of regular employees; number of regular employees 40 years of age or above (by age group); ratio of direct divisions; ratio of employees on loan; ratio of employees borrowed/transferred from other companies, and their number as compared with 5 years ago; sites of shift work; availability of corporate pension system; handling of retirement allowances and ratio of pension takers.
(2) Retirement age system: current state of implementation; retirement age; post-retirement employment extension system; details of work extension system (upper age limits, eligibility, method of employment renewal, ratio of extended employees among all retirees over last 5 years); details of re-employment system (upper age limits, eligibility, method of employment renewal, ratio of re-employed among all retirees over last 5 years); problems of extending retirement age; work time measures for employees 60 years of age and above; employment policy for workers in their 60s in relation to raised public pension eligibility age.
(3) Middle-aged people's work and workplace: job assignment, work environment, and training for middle-aged people; future of retirement age system; barriers to stable employment of older people; needed measures for aging.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Labour and employment policy
Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 1999-12-08
2 : 1999-12-08
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.