University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0144
Survey Title Survey on Household Budgets among Families with Pre-college Students, 1999
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary In 1993 we began an annual survey of households using the government's educational loan programs, and this is the seventh of the series. The primary objective of the survey is to capture the financial burden of households with school attendants. It investigates, however, not only such households' educational expenses but income, housing loans, savings, and ways of financing children's education in order to reveal an entire picture of the household finance and its relation with the educational expenses. The survey is characterized by (1) covering the entire nation, (2) being directed only to those households with school attendants, (3) capturing educational expenses throughout a year, (4) investigating all the educational expenses for elementary school children and above, and (5) analyzing the financial burden by number of children, type of school, and residential arrangements.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Households with high school students and above that used NLFC's governmental educational loan programs in February, 1999.
Unit of Observation Household
Sample Size 13,905 households. 4,674 (33.6%) of them returned effective responses.
Date of Collection 1999-08-01 ~ 1999-08-01
August, 1999
Time Period 1999 ~ 1999
Spatial Unit Japan
Throughout Japan
Sampling Procedure Other
13,905 households were drawn from those with high school students and above that used NLFC's governmental educational loan programs in February, 1999.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Self-administered questionnaires by mail
Investigator NLFC Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0144
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) NLFC Research Institute (November 1999) Kokumin Seikatsu Kinyu Koko repoto: Kakei ni okeru kyoiku-hi futan no jittai chosa (Heisei 11-nendo) (NLFC Research Institute Report: Survey of Household Educational Expenses, 1999).
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1) Type of school children attend, and tuition and other fees: sex, type of school, school year, and school attendance for children for whom Respondent used the state's educational loans; this year's expenses (tuition and other expenses); educational expenses outside school; rent and other living expenses (for children who live outside home).
(2) Expenses for sending children to higher school: uses of educational loans (for sending children to higher school or keeping children schooled once accepted); number of schools children challenged; expenses for sending children to higher school (examination fees and other expenses for taking entrance exams, amounts paid to the school for attendance and to other schools challenged; [if living outside home] housing expenses).
(3) School attendance and educational expenses: number of children; type of school; attendance; this year's sum of school expenses; total amount of money sent to children; feeling of financial burden; methods of securing educational expenses; spending items for saving.
(4) Household income: number family members; sex, age, occupation, and annual income of main earner; annual household income; housing loans; annual housing loan payment.
(5) Childbearing and childrearing expenses: period when Respondent felt financially burdened by children; necessity of systems financing childbearing and childrearing (other than educational loans); reasons for lower birth rates (burden of childrearing, difficulty in balancing children and work); conditions for balancing work and childbearing/rearing (better facilities and services, reduced expenses for using facilities and services).
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Consumption and consumer behaviour
Compulsory and pre-school education
Higher and further education
Equality, inequality and social exclusion
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2000-03-24
2 : 2000-12-05
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.