University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0602
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2007
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute (today, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute) has been conducting surveys in consideration of various viewpoints since 1969 in order to clarify the actual situation of new business start-ups, and since 1991, these survey results have been published annually as the "White Paper on New Business Start-ups." As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. All chronological data have been recounted to exclude real estate rental businesses.

This year, it is focusing on contributions to local economies in its survey and analysis.
Data Type quantatitive research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe New start-ups
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 3,506 companies, responses: 918 companies (response rate: 26.2%)
Date of Collection 2007/08/01
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure 3,506 companies within one year of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing from among the companies financed by the National Life Finance Corporation between April and September 2006.
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous responses)
Investigator National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute (the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute)
DOI
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type (at start-up, now), number of employees (at start-up, now), industry, novelty of enterprise contents, whether it is a venture business or new business, franchise chain affiliation, main customers, frequency of contact with suppliers and customers, time it takes to reach suppliers and clients, frequency of Internet use, purposes of Internet use, whether or not respondent has a website/when respondent created it, (retailers only) composition ratio of sales by customers’ area of residence/composition ratio of sales by selling method

(2) Manager
Gender, highest level of educational attainment, main area where respondent grew up, location of school where respondent attained highest level of educational, place where respondent gained experience, area of residence immediately before starting business, location of current residence, main location of current business, occupation immediately before starting business, size by number of employees of workplace immediately before starting business, how respondent left immediately preceding workplace, things carried over from immediately preceding workplace, things carried over from somewhere other than immediately preceding workplace, working experience/number of years/number of workplaces as a regular employee, working experience and number of years as a non-regular employee, experience in jobs in the field related to current business/number of years of experience as a regular/non-regular employee

(3) Main location of business
Population of municipality of main location of business, time it takes to reach nearest city with a population of at least 1,000,000/300,000/100,000 people, number of competitors compared to five years ago, place of main business location, ownership type of main business location/residence

(4) State of family/income, etc.
Spouse’s occupation, family members who share the same household income (by work status), income immediately before starting business (respondent, family), current business income/income from a source other than the business (respondent, family)

(5) History leading to start-up, etc.
Motivation to start business, impetus for going ahead with starting business, breakdown of start-up costs, breakdown of sources for procuring start-up costs, month and year/age when respondent began preparations for the start-up, start-up month and year/age, provision of real estate to financial institutions as security, reasons for choosing the business, things considered when deciding on the location for business premises, difficulties at the time of start-up

(6) Management conditions, etc.
Current performance (current sales conditions, monthly sales, target monthly sales before start-up, profitability, time when respondent began generally turning a profit), level of satisfaction (income, leisure and comfort, life in general), location of businesses that can provide similar products and services, current difficulties

(7) Experience in business management, etc.
Experience in business management, current state of business respondent managed, position when closing business, industry respondent managed, month and year of/age at business closure, number of employees at business closure, reasons for business closure, performance when respondent decided to close the business (sales conditions/state of profitability), total liabilities at business closure, total liabilities of business that respondent closed at the time of new start-up, whether respondent uses past business experience and experience respondent uses

(8) Business outlook
Intention for future business size, thoughts about business succession, current state of successor to business
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2009-01-14
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.