University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0714
Survey Title 1st Basic Survey on English Teaching in Elementary Schools (Survey of Parents), 2006
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary This survey was conducted for the purpose of understanding the actual state of elementary school English learning and parents’ attitude to elementary school English. The survey was designed to enable longitudinal comparison of changes in the state of implementation of English language education in elementary schools.

The characteristics of this survey may be summarized as follows:

 1. Understanding guardians’ attitudes to English language education in elementary schools
 2. Understanding the actual state of English language learning in elementary schools
 3. Understanding gaps between guardians and teachers and schools by comparing against the “Survey of Teachers”
 4. Designed for longitudinal comparison

Guardians’ attitude to elementary school English is thought to be related to conditions at the schools their children are attending. Therefore, in this survey study, a survey (school survey) was conducted of curriculum coordinators in target schools (31 schools) on the state of English education (activities) implementation at each school, in parallel with the “Survey of Parents.” However, since the results of this survey cover only the target schools, the results of a previously conducted “Survey of Teachers” (Survey No. 0713 ) should be referenced for nationwide trends.

Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe [Survey of Parents] Guardians of first through sixth year students in elementary schools
*Another survey (school survey) was also conducted of curriculum coordinators at the 31 public elementary schools targeted in the Survey of Parents.
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Survey of Parents] 4,718 people (number of questionnaires distributed: 5,847, response rate: 80.7%,31 schools)
Date of Collection 2006-09 ~ 2006-10
Time Period 2006 ~ 2006
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Purposive
Non-probability sampling accounting for population size and population density in municipalities

*To avoid any bias in responses due to the size of cities in which survey subjects lived, three regional categories were established to account for the population size and density of municipalities, and then sampling was done so that survey areas were scattered nationwide. The specifics are as follows.

- The following three regional categories were established to account for population density and population size of municipalities.
 “Metropolitan areas” (23-ku (wards) of Tokyo)
 “Mid-sized cities” (regional medium-sized cities: mid-sized population density/population density of about 200,000 to 320,000 people)
 “Rural areas” (town/village areas: low population density/population size of about 10,000 to 20,000 people)
- Multiple municipalities randomly sampled from among municipalities corresponding to each of the regional categories
- Schools were further randomly sampled from multiple sampled municipalities to conduct surveys
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
[Survey of Parents] Self-administered questionnaire survey completed at home and distributed and collected through schools
Investigator Benesse Educational Research & Development Institute
(Former Name: Benesse Corporation)

DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0714
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Survey of Parents]

(1) Attributes of children
- children’s gender
- children’s school year
- children’s birth order
- number of children

(2) Attributes of guardians  
- Relationship to children
- Age of father
- Age of mother
- Mother’s occupation
- Ages of guardians when graduated from school last time

(3) Regarding elementary school English 
- Interest in elementary school English language education
- Pros and cons of compulsory elementary school English language education
- Expected effects of elementary school English language education
- Anxieties about elementary school English language education
- Desires for elementary school English language education
- Desired starting year  

(4) English learning at school
- Implementation of English language education at school/content recognition
- Conversation at home about English learning at school
- Repeating learning content at home
- Degree of satisfaction with English language education at school

(5) View of Educational/state of children
- English ability expected of children
- Desired guidance and instruction from school
- Desired increase in class times
- Education policy for children
- Children’s English ability
- Weekday hours spent studying
- Children’s grades
- Whether or not respondent plans to have children take junior high school entrance exams
- Desired highest level of schooling

(6) Out-of-school English language learning  
- Whether or not learning English outside of school
- Types of classes and teaching materials
- Starting age of English language learning
- Reasons for learning
- Out-of-school lessons/learning
- Out-of-school education expenses,English learning expenses
- Attitude to English language education
- Desired place of English learning

(7) State of parents
- Parent’s relationship to English

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.

[School survey] 
*These variables were added to data for applicable Survey of Parents.

(1) Regarding respondent and school of employment
- Whether or not respondent has experience being in charge of English language education
- Number of students in entire school
- Region of school of employment
- Characteristics of school of employment
- Type of school of employment

(2) Actual state of English language activities
- Whether or not English language education is implemented
- Beginning of English language education
- Position in curriculum
- Number of class hours per year

(3) English language activity instructors
- People involved in English language education
- Frequency of ALT visits
- About ALT

(4) English language education training
- Frequency of on-campus training
- Percentage of participation in off-campus training

(5) English education teaching plan, teaching materials, and evaluation
- English teaching materials used
- English education evaluation materials

(6) Attitude and state of English language education teachers
- Stress on teachers
- Changes in teachers
- Presence of conversations about English language education

(7) Changes in children due to English language education

(8) Overall evaluation of English language education
Date of Release 2013/12/25
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Compulsory and pre-school education
Language and linguistics
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2013-12-25
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.