University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0723
Survey Title 3rd Basic Survey on Childrearing Life (Preschool Children Edition), 2008
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval is required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary This survey was conducted to capture the actual state of childrearing life in the homes of guardians of children in kindergarten and nursery school and their attitudes toward discipline and education. Benesse has conducted surveys for this purpose in the past (in 1997 and 2003), and this survey was designed to allow analysis by comparison across years.

The characteristics of this survey may be summarized as follows

1. Appreciates changes over time
2. Allows an appreciation of differences between school years among children in kindergarten and nursery school
3. Appreciates differences in childrearing by region
4. Adds new items to accommodate changes in the childrearing environment

*The data provided consist only of the responses from mothers of kindergarten-age children (first, second, and third year in kindergarten/nursery school, etc.)
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Guardians of children in kindergarten or nursery school in the Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, and Kanagawa prefectures), regional city areas, and regional rural areas
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Number of responses: 6,131 (number of questionnaires distributed: 8,238, response rate: 74.4%)

*The data provided consist only of the responses from 5,884 mothers (3,069 in the Greater Tokyo Area, 1,743 in regional city areas, and 1,072 in regional rural areas)

*Of these, 3,069 responses by mothers were mainly analyzed.
*The responses from mothers in regional city areas and regional rural areas were used for comparisons between regions.
Date of Collection 2008-09 ~ 2008-10
Time Period 2008 ~ 2008
Spatial Unit Japan
The Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, and Kanagawa prefectures), regional city areas, regional rural areas
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Self-administered questionnaire survey completed at home and distributed and collected through kindergartens and nursery schools
Investigator Benesse Corporation
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0723
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Face items
Gender, age, number of children, relationship, child’s classroom
(2) Day-to-day childrearing
Worries and concerns about childrearing, information sources on discipline and education of the child, things applicable in daily life, relationship between the child and family, child’s behavior and lifestyle habits, discipline at home and education policy, etc.
(3) Kindergarten/nursery school
Things related to selecting a kindergarten or nursery school for the child, time the child spends in kindergarten/nursery school, expectation and satisfaction level about discipline and education in kindergarten/nursery school, etc.
(4) Child’s education
Level of education respondent desires for the child, after-school lessons, educational expenses (per month) per child, etc. 
(5) Regarding respondent and family members
Level of satisfaction with life; spouse (the child’s father); joy of childrearing; opinion on childrearing; respondent’s and spouse’s age, occupation, occupation type, time respondent and spouse comes home, respondent’s and spouse’s highest level of educational attainment; financial comfort; family structure, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2013/12/25
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Compulsory and pre-school education
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2013-12-25
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.

*The data provided consist only of responses from 5,884 mothers

*The following data are not publicly available.
- Q1 (4) Kindergarten/nursery school name
- Q12 (2)
- Q14 (2)SQ1