University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0735
Survey Title Basic Survey on Childrearing Life (Elementary School and Junior High School Edition), 1998
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary Amid comments on the importance of education at home, some propose a “theory of how things should be” that is apt to differ somewhat from the feeling of life as actually lived by today’s mothers. However, what is necessary in the first place is to capture the actual situation, and if there is a problem, to start from there and think about a solution together. Hence, this survey was conducted to capture the actual state of childrearing in homes with children from third grade in elementary school to third year in junior high school and mothers’ attitudes toward discipline and education.

A survey with almost the exact same content as this survey was conducted in 1997 on the guardians of children from the first year of kindergarten to second grade of elementary school, and when combined with the subjects of this survey, all years from kindergarten through elementary school to junior high school are covered. The data are valuable in allowing an understanding of trends in how mothers’ attitudes to child-rearing change with their children’s growth over 12 school years.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Guardians of third-, fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade elementary school students and first-, second-, and third-year junior high school students
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Number of questionnaires distributed: 8,380, number of responses: 4,718, response rate: 56.3% *Of these, 4,475 responses by mothers are analyzed.
Date of Collection 1998-12-01 ~ 1998-12-01
Time Period 1998 ~ 1998
Spatial Unit okyo
Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, and Kanagawa prefectures
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Questionnaire survey distributed and collected through schools
Investigator Benesse Corporation
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0735
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items (1) Child’s attributes
Gender, year in school, order of birth

(2) Relationship with the child
Whether day-to-day child-rearing is enjoyable, frequency of conversations with the child, frequency of feeling that child is growing up, worries and concerns about the child

(3) Disciplining the child
Sources of information about child’s discipline and education, child’s daily behavior and lifestyle habits, level of satisfaction with child’s lifestyle habits and his or her state of independence, Things respondent keeps in mind when raising a child

(4) Tutoring schools (juku) and after-school lessons for children
After-school lessons the child has experienced, after-school lessons the child is currently taking, child’s after-school lessons respondent is most satisfied with, educational expenses per child

(5) Child’s study
Thoughts about child’s academic abilities and study, level of education that respondent desires her child to reach, whether respondent intends to make her child take junior high school entrance exams (whether her child took junior high school entrance exams)

(6) Regarding respondent
Relationship, level of satisfaction with child-rearing life in general, age, spouse’s age, spouse’s current occupation, family structure, financial comfort

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2013/06/20
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2013-06-20
Notes for Users The following data are not publicly available.
- Q1 (1)
- Q3 A, F
- Q4 5, 7, 8, 10, 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 28, 33, 37, 38, 39, 47, 48, 50, 52
- Q6 (1) 9, 15, 21, 22, 23
- Q7 A–N
- Q10 A–R
- Q11
- Q12 F
- Q15 (5), (6)
- Q20 (3), (4), (6), (8), (10), (11), (12)