University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0866
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups (special surveys), 2012
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate rental industry. Further, in line with the inauguration of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute took over the operation of the survey from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

This is a “survey on management at founding” that was conducted as a special survey for the “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2012” (SSJDA survey number 0865). It includes survey items such as attributes and career of manager, start-up funding, and procuring funding targeting companies that had received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between January 2011 and June 2012 and had been trading for more than one year up to three years at the point of funding. In addition, this survey includes survey items about “preparation for starting business.”

Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies that had been trading for more than one year up to three years at the time of financing
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample sizes: 5,787, number of responses: 1,671 companies (response rate: 28.9%)
Date of Collection 2012-08-01 ~ 2012-08-01
Time Period 2012 ~ 2012
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Availability
5,787 companies that had been trading for more than one year up to three years at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between January 2011 and June 2012.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0866
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ Questionnaire ]
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type, franchise/chain affiliation, main customers, location of main business, number of employees at start-up, full-time executive officers and regular employees at start-up, etc.

(2) Manager’s attributes and career
Age at start-up, gender, highest level of educational attainment, total number of companies where respondent worked and occupations that respondent experienced from graduation to start-up, job immediately before starting business (occupation, size by number of employees, whether it was listed on a stock exchange, how respondent left, employment experience/years, working experience, management experience, level of satisfaction), number of family members, home ownership, income from a source other than the business, etc.    

(3) History leading to start-up
Month and year of business start-up, motivation/trigger for starting business, desires concerning income

(4) Preparations for start-up
Source of information when respondent thought of starting business, people that respondent received start-up plan advice from, securing clients/customers at start-up, start-up costs and sources for procuring them, etc.

(5) Management after start-up
Monthly sales (forecast/actual), current sales/profit status, current business conditions compared to competitors, supporting household budget with business income, what respondent considers important in managing business, working hours per week, comparison with immediately before starting business (income, working hours, etc.), level of satisfaction, worries before starting business, current difficulties, services that respondent wants financial institutions to offer, future business size, future succession of business and possible successor, etc.

*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2013/12/18
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2013-12-18
Notes for Users