University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1046
Survey Title Working Person Survey, 2014
Depositor Recruit Works Institute
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary Recruit Works Institute has been planning and implementing a periodic and multifaceted survey to reveal “the reality and consciousness of employment among working individuals,” which have been steadily changing in response to social and economic trends in recent years. This is the eighth survey of the series and was conducted in September 2014. The purpose is to clarify the reality and consciousness of working individuals in the Tokyo metropolitan area.

Since the sixth survey in the series, the method used comprises an Internet survey.

In addition, on this occasion, we conducted a follow-up survey with employed people among the survey respondents who hold a managerial position (hereinafter referred to as “manager follow-up survey”).
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 18 to 69 years (excluding students) who worked at least one day in the last week of August 2014 as regular employees, contract workers/employees on a short-term contract (shokutaku), dispatched workers (haken shain), part-time workers/casual part-time workers (arubaito), or outsourcing contractors in the Tokyo metropolitan area, within a 50-kilometer radius (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, and Saitama Prefectures).

(In this survey, for the first time, people aged 60 to 69 years were included.)
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size [Working Person Survey]
9,857 people (male: 5,600,female: 4,257)

[Manager follow-up survey]
1,583 people (male: 1,409,female: 174)
Date of Collection [Working Person Survey]
2014/09/04 – 09/11
[Manager follow-up survey]
2014/09/24 – 09/29
Time Period
Spatial Unit Tokyo metropolitan area within a 50-kilometer radius (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, and Saitama prefectures)
Sampling Procedure [Working Person Survey]
Participants were divided into an employee group and part-timer group (see definition below), and were assigned to a group by gender, 5-year age group, and area.

The employee group comprises “regular employees and staff.”

The part-timer group comprises “contract workers/employees on a short-term contract (shokutaku),” “dispatched workers (haken shain),” “part-timers” “casual part-time workers (arubaito),” and “outsourcing contractors/freelancers.”

[Manager follow-up survey]
In the working person survey, we sent out a survey request to all participants who had responded that they currently hold a “managerial position at a division head (bucho) level,” “position as a specialist treated at the same level as a division head (bucho),” “managerial position at a section head (kacho) level,” or “position as a specialist treated at the same level as a section head (kacho).”

In addition, we randomly extracted subjects from among those who answered “mangers at a unit chief/supervisor (kakaricho/shunin) level” or “specialist treated at the same level as a unit chief/supervisor (kakaricho/shunin),” so as to obtain approximately 500 responses from the survey request.
Mode of Data Collection Internet survey
Investigator Recruit Works Institute, the analysis support provided by INTAGE Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Working Person Survey]
(1) Attributes
Gender, age, prefecture of residence, place of birth, marital status, last year’s annual income, presence/number of children, highest level of educational attainment, experience of dropping out, grades in the third year in junior high school, parents’ highest level of educational attainment, etc.

(2) Current working situation
Employment status, month and year/age when respondent joined the company, attributes of workplace (industry, size by number of employees/location), number of working days/working hours per week, current occupation type, actual feeling of growth, years of experience in current job, official position at current workplace, whether or not there is periodic personnel change/period, number of transfer (until now/before becoming a section head (kacho)/between section head (kacho) and division head (bucho)), etc.

(3) Actual situation of the first job
Employment status at first job (regular employee/dispatched worker (haken shain), etc.), reasons respondent left the job, workplace attributes of the first job (industry, number of employees, type of job), etc.

(4) Changing jobs
Experience and frequency of leaving a job, satisfaction level with job change, reason for leaving, most important reason, path to getting hired at current company, attributes of employment place before changing job, etc. (type of industry/size by number of employees/location/number of working days and working hours per week/occupation), etc.

(5) Style of working in the future
Intention to change jobs, factors restricting job change, desire to change jobs/to be independent (I-turn/U-turn /independent), desired working system, etc.

(6) Related to retirement
Until what age respondent thinks he or she has to work to live, intention to continue working at current workplace, reasons for leaving before retirement, reason for changing jobs before retirement, whether or not respondent has retired, age at the time of retirement, situation after retirement, whether the situation after retirement was as expected, whether job experience gained before retiring has become useful, things respondent did before retirement

(7) Attitude to employment
Desired workstyle

(8) Skills and learning behavior
Respondent’s skills (basic interpersonal skills/basic personal skills/basic problem-solving skills/processing skills/thinking skills/expertise), learning activities outside of working hours/time spent on learning, etc.

[Manager follow-up survey]
(1) Attributes
Gender, age, whether or not respondent has a MBA, financial situation and living conditions when respondent was a child, rate of performance-based compensation

(2) Attributes of workplace
Type of establishment, annual sales, existence of executive candidate early selection route

(3) Actual situation of department/subordinates
Number of employees in respondent’s department, actual conditions of department respondent manages, working days per week, working hours per week, annual turnover rate, system of personnel evaluation, etc.

(4) Actual situation of managers’ work
Percentage of work, ideal percentage of work, actions taken to improve performance, method of giving work instructions to subordinates

(5) Experience so far
Fields of work experienced in current company, longest experienced field of work in current company, etc.

(6) Attitude to employment
Value attached to work and workstyle, desired workstyle
Date of Release
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Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 2015/12/15 :
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.