University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1047
Survey Title Survey on After-School Time Use, 2013
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey was conducted in November 2013 among students between the fifth grade of elementary school and third year in high school across Japan. It aimed to find out about their daily routines and perceptions of time. The survey was first conducted in 2008. It is possible to see the five-year change through time-based comparison. The four main characteristics of this survey can be summarized as below:

1. It uses two different methods to determine how the children use their time
This survey consists of two methods: Method (A), which asks about their 24-hour routine in intervals of 15 minutes, and method (B), which asks about their average activity time per day, the number of activities (days) and activity time per week, and the number of activities per year in a questionnaire format.

2. It reveals the children's basic attributes and how they spend their time based on their behavior patterns.

This survey enquires about the children's basic attributes, such as their year in school and gender, as well as their area of residence, their daily habits such as sleeping and waking up, studying at home and tutoring schools, and taking after-school lessons and club activities. Therefore, it is possible to learn not only about how the children spend their time on an average day but also the characteristics of each child based on various basic attributes and behavior patterns.

3. It reveals how the children spend their time, their awareness of time, as well as their relationship with stress and aspirations for the future.

This survey enquires about not only the children's basic attributes and how they actually spend their time, but also their perceptions of time, how stressed they are, as well as their aspirations for the future. For this reason, it is possible to analyze the relationship between their perceptions of how they should spend their time and how they actually spend it.

4. Survey design that allows comparison over time
The survey is designed such that it comprises basic questions that describe the actual situation of the children's lives and learning to allow comparison over time.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Fifth-grade elementary school students through third-year high school students across Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Number distributed: 29,400
Valid responses: 8,100(2,407 elementary school students, 3,282 junior high school students, 2,411 high school students)
Valid response rate: 27.6%
Date of Collection 2013-11-11 ~ 2013-11-15
2013/11/11 (Mon) – 11/15 (Fri)
Time Period 2013 ~ 2013
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Other
Random sampling based on a list of students between the fifth grade of elementary school and third grade of high school across Japan
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Self-administered mail survey
Investigator Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1047
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [ Questionnaire ]
[ Frequency Tables (24-hour survey) ] [ Frequency Tables (Survey on activities and attitudes) ]
Major Survey Items 1) Face items
Year in school, gender, area of residence
[Elementary and junior high school students only] Attributes of the school of attendance (institution classification)
[High school students only] Attributes of the school of attendance (institution classification, course, and subjects) and others

(2) Weekday routine
Details of how they spend their weekdays, described in intervals of 15 minutes, starting from 4 a.m.

(3) Regular routine
Wake-up time, bedtime, amount of time spent on each activity on a weekday, how they spend their weekends, their opinions on Saturday classes.

(4) After-school lessons, tutoring/preparatory school, club activities, and others
・Type of after-school lessons/external club, number of times per week, average activity time
・Number of tutoring/preparatory classes per week
[Middle and high school students only] Number of club activities per week, average time per day
[High school students only] Number of (part-time) work days per week, average time per day, and others

(5) How time is spent and the perception of time
・Amount of time spent with family, friends, boyfriend or girlfriend, the most enjoyable time of the day, what topics apply to themselves, mental and physical fatigue, and others

(6) Relationship with friends and how media is consumed
・Relationship with friends
・Electronic devices normally used and for what purpose, use of email, online chats, social networks

(7) Places they normally visit and how a year is spent
[Middle and high school students only]
・Places that they visit by themselves or with friends and how often (karaoke, game centers, and others)
・Number of days spent on each activity (family trip, volunteer activities, and others)

(8) School grades/advancement
Self-evaluation of school grades
[Elementary school students only] Plans to take the middle school entrance examination
[Elementary and middle school students only] Intended academic level and others
[High school students only] Career path after high school graduation

(9) Family and community
・Whether Japanese society will improve
・Score of how they spend their time (self-evaluation)
・Home discipline by the family (parents)
・The mother's employment status
・Educational background of the parents (whether they graduated college/junior college)
・Level of urbanization of the area of residence (has a lot of nature/public transportation is convenient) and others
Date of Release 2017/04/03
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Compulsory and pre-school education
Higher and further education
Time use
Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2017-04-03
Notes for Users * The data below is private.
, Q11) School name, 5) Place of residence (only the regional division is provided)