University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1224
Survey Title Survey on State of New Business Start-ups(special surveys), 2017
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The “Survey on the State of New Business Start-ups” has been conducted continuously since 1969 for the purpose of apprehending the state of new business. Since 1991, it has been conducted annually, resulting in the accumulation of data such as age at the start of new business and start-up costs, which can be used for time series comparisons, as well as the carrying out of analyses from a variety of viewpoints.

As of 2000, the survey excluded the real estate investment industry. Further, in line with the inauguration of the Japan Finance Corporation in October 2008, the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute took over the operation of the survey from its predecessor, the National Life Finance Corporation Research Institute.

This survey was conducted as a special survey for the “Survey on State of New Business Start-ups, 2017” (SSJDA Survey Number 1220). It targeted businesses that had received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2016 and had been trading for four years or less (including companies yet to start trading) at the point of funding and includes survey items such as items on attributes and career of manager, start-up funding and procuring funding.

Currently, the government is discussing work style reforms, such as implementing equal pay for equal work, ameliorating long working hours, and creating an environment that facilitates flexible working styles, but working styles for employees in newly-opened companies have not been clarified to date. Therefore, this survey analyzed the actual working styles of employees at startups.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Companies within 4 years of startup at the time of financing (including companies yet to start trading)
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Sample size: 8,864, number of responses: 1,836 (response rate: 20.7%)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Nationwide
Sampling Procedure 8,864 companies within four years of startup (including companies yet to start trading) at the time of financing were surveyed from among the companies financed by the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit between April and September 2016.
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey (anonymous questionnaire)
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire
Major Survey Items (1) Business overview
Management type (at startup, current), business content (whether there are new points when compared with other companies in the same industry), business opened (whether it is a venture or new business), franchise affiliation, whether the main business office is at respondent’s home, if different place to respondent’s home (commuting time), main sales destinations, scope of business area

(2) Attributes and career of manager
Gender, highest level of educational attainment, work experience (existence of work experience before startup, experience in current industry, managerial experience, experience of managing a company), work immediately before startup (mode of work, size of company by number of employees, commuting time to work, working hours per week, reason for leaving the job, timing of leaving the job)

(3) Preparation and background for startup
Startup year, motivation for opening a business, reason for deciding on the current business, work style after startup respondent planned before startup, startup cost and source of funds, etc.

(4) About employees
Number of employees (at startup, current), employees’ duties, number of family employees by gender and age, employee status by regular and non-regular employees (number of employees with pre-elementary school age children, number of female employees who gave birth during their employment, number of male employees whose spouses gave birth during their employment, number of female employees who took parental leave, number of male employees who took parental leave, number of employees who have family members in need of nursing care, number of employees who took nursing care leave, number of employees using telecommuting/flextime systems, whether the same salary is paid for the same work), status of full-time executive officers and regular employees (number of employees by gender and age, number of employees promoted from non-regular employees to regular employees, number of limited regular employees), status of non-regular employees (number of employees by gender and age, salary compared to regular employees with the same occupation type)

(5) Individual employee status: up to four family employees, regular employees, and non-regular employees each
- Common items: age, gender, average working hours per day, type of work, difficulty of work, commuting time (one way), systems and initiatives used, presence of pre-elementary school children, presence of family members in need of nursing care, employees’ work satisfaction by company-related item (length of working hours, job satisfaction, salary, overall satisfaction)
- Family employees only: relationship with the company manager, whether cohabitating with the manager, whether sharing the same livelihood with the manager
- Regular employees only: type of regular employment
- Non-regular employees only: type of non-regular employment

(6) Company management after startup
Concerns before startup, hardships at startup and present time, current sales/profitability, current business conditions, monthly sales expected before startup, current monthly sales, degree of satisfaction (income from business, job satisfaction, length of working hours, achievement of a healthy work-life balance, overall satisfaction with startup), working hours per week, change in income compared to before startup, intention to become a company that allows flexible work, views on future business scale (sales, breadth of business area, future stock listing), etc.
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 2019/07/18 :
Notes for Users