University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1162
Survey Title Questionnaire about the Utilization of Foreign Talent, 2016
Depositor Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary Cases of foreign workers being employed by small and medium sized businesses are becoming more common. This is not just because of the decline in the working age population; it is also a result of the internationalization of the operations of small and medium sized businesses such as international expansion and the ability to handle visitors to Japan. While foreign workers may have been brought in to counter labor shortages, they have also become essential to growth and business development.

In this context, this survey was carried out by the Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute for the purpose of clarifying the role that foreign workers (excluding special permanent residents) play in small and medium-sized businesses, focusing on businesses in regions and occupation types where there are many foreign workers.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Among the companies that have received financing from the Japan Finance Corporation Micro Business and Individual Unit or Small and Medium Enterprise Unit, 15,970 companies met the following conditions:
(1)Industries: Manufacturing, Wholesale, Retail, Hospitality (restaurants/accommodation), Telecommunications, Services
(2)Areas: Hokkaido, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, Hiroshima, Fukuoka
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Out of 3,924 companies (response rate 24.6%), 523 companies (13.3% of all respondents) employ foreign workers.
Date of Collection 2016-08 ~ 2016-09
August – September, 2016
Time Period 2016 ~ 2016
Spatial Unit hokkaido
Hokkaido, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, Hiroshima, Fukuoka
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Anonymous questionnaire forms were sent and collected by mail
Investigator Japan Finance Corporation Research Institute
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1162
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Chosa-hyo][Syukei-hyo]
Major Survey Items (1)Attributes of responded companies
・Type of organization
・Industry, etc.

(2)Organization representative
・Age, gender, ability to converse in a foreign language, experience of working overseas, etc.

(3)Regarding employee working hours and remuneration
・Weekly working hours for regular employees, work start/end time, monthly overtime hours, Weekly days off
・Remuneration that is mentioned in the company's job advertisements
・Whether or not staffing is sufficient, etc.

(4)Regarding foreign employees
・Whether foreign workers are currently employed?
・[If the company does have foreign employees] the number of foreign employees (by type of employment), year they started working, main recruitment route, reason for employing, reason the foreign workers are working in Japan, whether the incentive or performance pay percentage is higher than that of Japanese employees, hours of work of foreign workers compared to Japanese employees, if the company provides housing to foreign workers, if the company pays for the foreign workers' travel expenses to Japan and back to their home country, if the company supports foreign workers in learning Japanese, if the training of foreign workers is carried out in Japanese, training for foreign workers compared to training for Japanese workers, whether the company provides support or counselling to foreign employees regarding their family or life in the area, the employment stability rate of foreign employees compared to Japanese employees, Japanese employees' thoughts on foreign workers being hired, view on employing foreign workers in the future, etc.
・[If the company does have foreign employees] – For each foreign employee (up to a maximum of five): year employment began, gender, age, employment status, nationality,status of residence, highest qualification or school currently attended, level of difficulty of work, monthly salary/paid per day/paid per hour (select one), Japanese language ability

(5)Regarding interactions with foreign companies and consumers
Existence of interaction with foreign companies or consumers, characteristics of business connections

(6)[If the company does not have foreign employees] experience of employing foreign employees in the past/future employment plans, etc.
・Whether the company employed foreign workers in the past, [If the company has employed foreign workers in the past], the length of the employment, reasons for not employing them now, etc.
・Whether the company wants to employ foreign workers in the future, [If the company does want to employ foreign workers in the future] kinds of employment types preferred, reasons company wants to employ foreign workers, etc.
Date of Release 2018/02/06
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2018-02-06
Notes for Users