University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0108
Survey Title Survey on Self-enlightenment among Salarymen, 1993
Depositor Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
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Summary Changes in the industrial structure, structural adjustment, aging of society, progress of internationalization all have affected the labor market. And now in the midst of a long wave of recession, companies are busy restructuring. Thus, Japan's employment system, characterized by the life-time employment and seniority-based wage/treatment systems, are beginning to show signs of change. Within this overall environment, needs have arisen for stable employment among middle-aged and old people. For their stable employment, companies are expected to promote self-development among these people via programs and other measures in order to utilize their leaned abilities. Preparation of a social infrastructure which will enable all this is also necessary. The survey provides basic data to understand firms' and employees' needs for self-development, to suggest a direction of infrastructure preparation (for a partially floating population), and to foresee a size of recurrent education businesses.
Universe [Company Questionnaire] Companies
[Employee Questionnaire] Men, 30 years of age and above
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Company Questionnaire] 438 effective responses.
[Employee Questionnaire] 1,140 effective responses.
Time Period November, 1993
Spatial Unit
Sampling Procedure
Mode of Data Collection
Investigator JTUC Research Institute for Advancement of Living Standards
Sponsors (Funds) The Ministry of International Trade and Industry
Related Publications (by the Investigator) JTUC-RIALS (March 1994) Heisei 5-nendo sogo chosa kenkyu: Chu-ko nenreisha no jiko keihatsu nadoni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho (General Research Study, 1993: Report of Research Study on Self-Development among the Middle-Aged)
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Kigyou you Chosa-hyo][Kojin you Chosa-hyo]
Major Survey Items [Company Questionnaire]
A Survey of Self-Development Support Systems for Employees
Basic items: industry; number of regular employees; sex and age composition of regular employees (average age, ratio of middle-aged people); number of mid-career recruits (for past 5 years, future prospects).
Questionnaire items:
(1) Personnel policy problems and future direction: personnel and labor management problems; basic policy for personnel treatment; basic policy for treatment and wage gaps; basic policy for life-time employment.
(2) Employees' consciousness: view of work, workplace, and company (evaluation of past 5 years, outlook for 5 years to come); type of desirable employee (loyalty or performance).
(3) Current state of education/training and use of outside educational facilities: current provision of education and training (education by stratum, technical education by occupation, education by task); effect of education and training; prospects for future provision of education and training; availability of other education measures; past expenses for employees' education and training.
(4) License/certification support systems: availability of programs to support employees when acquiring public licenses/certifications; type of program; preferential treatment for license/certification holders.
(5) Self-development support systems: programs available; programs with many users; future programs planned; present and future of basic policy for self-development support system; supporter of self-development activities.
(6) Objective criteria for evaluating occupational skills: need for establishing evaluation criteria; criteria.

[Individual Questionnaire]
A Survey of Self-Development among salaried Men
(1) Attribute: age; length of working; number of regular employees; type of industry; occupational description; main contents of work; position; last school education; job changing experience.
(2) View about company and work consciousness: relation between company and individual; former and future sense of belonging to company; consciousness about job, workplace and promotion; desire for occupational life and prospect.
(3) Self-development activity: the degree of concern to self-development activity; activity situation; use and the participating situation of educational facilities etc. and the degree of concern to them; prevention factor of activity; organizations expected as supporters of self-development activity.
(4) Acquisition of official certificates: acquisition situation of official certificates (existence, number, content, acquisition purpose); prospect of acquiring official certificates (existence, type of certificates preparing for, acquisition purpose, preparation method, preparation period up to now, hours of preparing, cost).
(5) Support for acquiring official certificates: existence of any support system of office; use situation; hope about the reflection of certificates to treatment; hope of condition maintenance for certificate acquisition; degree of cognition of a "middle-and-old-age laborer attendance incentive wage system".
(6) Volition and confidence to occupation capability development: former and future volition of capability development; degree of validity of capability in other companies; establishment of objective evaluation measure of occupation capability (needs and merit).
Date of Release 1999/12/08
Version Registered on December 8, 1999.
Topics Employment/Labor
Education/Learning
Notes for Users Data Sets are written in Japanese.