University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0249
Survey Title Comparison of Business Administration between Indonesia and Japan, 1999
Depositor Keisuke Nakamura
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Summary SummaryThe Center for Japanese Studies at the University of Indonesia, in cooperation with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Tokyo, launched a technical cooperative project in 1997 regarding the global relationship between Indonesia and Japan as part of its research concerning industry restructuring. This questionnaire survey was conducted following the case studies of Toyota and Toshiba in Indonesia, and it involved a survey comparing the management of Indonesian and Japanese companies in the manufacturing sector and the actual status of the localization of Japanese companies. Many companies went bankrupt after a sudden crisis struck the Indonesian economy in 1997, but some survived. One purpose of this survey was to clarify the differences between these companies related to management conditions such as market strategy, production management, human resource management, and other factors, as well as the formulation of industrial policy as a means of economic recovery. While the localization of Japanese companies has been said to occur slowly, this survey was also conducted for the other purpose of clarifying the actual status of this work and issues faced.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe 200 Indonesian companies and 100 Japanese companies in the manufacturing sector
Unit of Observation Organization
Sample Size Number of valid responses: 200 Indonesian companies, 100 Japanese companies, 300 companies in total
Date of Collection 1999-03 ~ 1999-09
March – September 1999
Time Period 1999 ~ 1999
Spatial Unit Indonesia
Indonesia’s Jabotabek region
Sampling Procedure Other
For Indonesian companies, we selected 200 manufacturing companies with 100 or more employees operating in the JABOTABEK area.
For Japanese companies, based on the “Overseas Expansion Companies Directory 1997” (Toyo Keizai Inc.), we compiled a list of 201 manufacturing companies operating in the JABOTABEK area and checked this list against the membership list of the Japan Club in Indonesia. As a result, 100 companies were selected.
Wind-up companies, those that relocated, and those that refused to participate were supplemented by companies in similar industries from the company list that was created, and ultimately, 200 Indonesian companies and 100 Japanese companies responded.
Mode of Data Collection Face-to-face interview
The questionnaire was prepared in English, translated into Japanese, then translated into Indonesian. It was administered in all three languages, but primarily in Indonesian and Japanese. The research was conducted with the cooperation of the Laboratory of Sociology in the Faculty of Sociology and Politics at the University of Indonesia. Research assistants visited the selected companies, interviewed the respondents, or appointed a person to oversee respondents’ completion of the questionnaire.
Investigator Center for Japanese Studies at the University of Indonesia, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0249
Sponsors (Funds) Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Japanese Questionnaire][English Questionnaire][Indonesian Questionnaire]
Major Survey Items There were English-, Japanese-, and Indonesian-language versions of the questionnaire, but the content of each was the same.
Of the following items, Items A–F were posed to both Indonesian and Japanese companies, but Item G was posed to Japanese companies only.
A. Company profile: industry, year of establishment, capital, shareholder composition, number of employees (total, nationality, gender, educational background)
B. Performance: 1998 sales, sales trends, profit trends, competitive advantages
C. Market strategy/procurement: domestic and overseas market ratio (sales), future market strategy (level of importance of domestic and overseas market), domestic and overseas ratio of raw material suppliers
D. Production control: inventory control policy for final products, existence of quality control department, inspection method, ISO qualification, quality policy
E. Human resource management: employee education and training, basic salary determination method (for blue collar/white collar), basic salary service increase system for length of employment (for blue collar/white collar), personnel evaluation system (for blue collar and white collar), promotion policy (for blue collar and white collar)
F. Response to crisis: impact of the current crisis, costs increased by more than 50% since August 1997, response to this crisis
G. Localization policy: number of executive officers and department heads by nationality, changes in the number of Japanese executive officers and department heads over the last five years, localization status of “people” by department, defect rate/productivity (comparison with Japanese parent factory), the work of Indonesian production engineer, the work of the Indonesian on-site supervisor, production problems, employee problems, existence of English or Indonesian production manual
Date of Release 2003/02/14
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Business/industrial management and organisation
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Version 1 : 2003-02-14
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.