University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0541
Survey Title Fact-Finding Survey on Long-term Care Work, 2006
Depositor Care Work Foundation
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey is comprised of two surveys: the “Fact-finding survey on long-term care work in workplaces” and the “Survey of long-term care workers’ employment situation and employment attitudes” which were carried out by Care Work Foundation in 2006.

The “Fact-finding survey on long-term care work in workplaces” was carried out for the purpose of delineating issues regarding the work environments of workers in the long-term care industry, through the investigation and analysis of aspects such as the state of care worker employment, wages and wage systems, and the state of human resources recruitment and retention in long-term care facilities to produce basic information for use in improving employment management in such facilities.

The “Survey of long-term care workers’ employment situation and employment attitudes” was carried out at the same time targeting care workers working in designated long-term care facilities for the purpose of clarifying the state of employment and work systems and their views on issues relating to their work and working conditions to produce basic information for use in recruiting and retaining care workers and improving their working conditions.

The “Fact-finding survey on long-term care work in workplaces” (hereinafter, [Workplace Survey]) has been conducted every year since 2002 (Heisei 14) and the "Survey of long-term care workers’ employment situation and employment attitudes” (hereinafter [Worker Survey]) has been conducted every other year.

In 2006, the survey was positioned as an “Expanded fact-finding survey on long-term care work (conducted every three years),” with changes including a major increase in respondents and reconsideration of survey methods and content. In particular, a number of additions were made to the survey items to obtain more detailed insights. For the workplace survey, these included “conditions in employment management, conditions in wage systems and wage management, conditions in education and training, and conditions in welfare and benefits”; for the worker survey, they included “hours of work, wages, welfare and benefits, attitudes to work, and concerns, anxieties, and dissatisfactions at work.”
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe [Workplace Survey]
Workplaces that carry out long-term care services designated by long-term care insurance

[Worker Survey]
Employees of the above workplaces, who carry out long-term care work, 112,368 people
Unit of Observation Individual,Organization
Sample Size [Workplace Survey]
(1) Sample size (total number of questionnaires distributed): 37,456 workplaces
(2) Valid number of questionnaires distributed (excluding temporary and permanent closures): 36,325 workplaces
(3) Number of valid responses: 11,627 workplaces
(4) Valid response rate (3)/(2): 32.0%

[Worker Survey]
(5) Number of valid responses: 29,124 people
(6) Response rate 1 (5)/(2)×3: 26.7%
(7) Response rate 2 (5)/(3)×3: 83.5%
Date of Collection 2006-09-26 ~ 2006-10-31
Survey period: 2006/09/26 – 10/31
Time Period 2006 ~ 2006
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Probability: Simple random
[Workplace Survey]
The target facilities mentioned above throughout Japan, approximately 1/2 of listed facilities (37,456 facilities) on the WAMNET list of facilities (as of July 31, 2006) were extracted.

[Worker Survey]
The facility managers of the above 37,456 facilities were requested to select a maximum of three employees who met the target criteria to distribute the survey questionnaire.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
[Workplace Survey]
 Self-administered mail survey by the Care Work Foundation and aggregated at the Care Work Foundation.

[Worker Survey]
 Self-administered mail survey by the Care Work Foundation (distributed and collected by mail)
 “Questionnaires for the workplace survey” and “questionnaires for the worker survey” were distributed to workplaces extracted for the survey on workplaces; “questionnaires for the worker survey” were distributed by managers at the workplaces to no more than 3 applicable workers, and questionnaires were collected from respondents by mail in separate envelopes.
Responses were aggregated at the Care Work Foundation.
Investigator Care Work Foundation
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0541
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) [Workplace Survey][Worker Survey]
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Major Survey Items [Workplace Survey]

1. General overview of organization and workplace
(1) Corporate status (2) operations across the entire corporation (3) number of workplaces in entire organization (4) types of long-term care services provided (5) primary type of long-term care service (6) number of employees (7) number of years since establishment of the facility/commencement of long-term care operations (8) number of employees by occupation type

2. State of employment management
(1) Clarification of employment regulations/working conditions  (2) state of hiring/leaving of home-visit care workers and care staff  (3) level of employee retention (4) surplus or shortfall of employees by occupation type (5) human resource development initiatives (6) state of preventing near-miss incidents and work-related incidents (7) appointment of employment managers/state of attending lectures  (8) method of time managing registered helpers (9) actual working hours of short-time Home-visit care workers

3. State of managing wages and wage system of home-visit care workers and long-term care staff
(1) Revision of basic salary levels (2) payment of allowances (3) wages of non-regular home-visit care workers

4. State of education and training for home-visit care workers and care staff
(1) Efforts for personnel development (2) education and training at hiring (3) implementation of OJT at workplace and its measures  (4) implementation of education and training in a year

5. State of provision of benefits and welfare for home-visit care workers and care staff
(1) State of granting paid annual leave (2) state of conducting health checkups (3) subscription to employment insurance, social insurance

6. Operational issues
(1) Responses to the amendment to the Long-term Care Insurance Act (2) management situation (3) operational problems

7. Workers’ individual circumstances
(1) Attributes (2) wages

[Worker Survey]

1. Current job
(1) Location of the workplace (2) size of workplace (3) whether or not it belongs to a corporation, size (4) primary type of service at workplace (5) occupation type respondent is engaged in, years of experience 
(6) employment status/mode of work (7) years of employment (8) qualifications respondent holds
(9) changes in the workplace environment due to amendment to the Long-term Care Insurance Act, etc.

2. Working days and working hours, etc.
(1) Working days and hours per week (2) state of working at multiple workplaces (3) work shift time period

3. Wages, etc.
(1) Form of wage payment (2) monthly income before tax (3) annual income of the past year
(4) desires for wages, allowances, etc.

4. Benefits and welfare
(1) Health checkups (2) training in health and safety (3) subscription to social insurance, etc.

5. Thoughts about job
(1) Reasons for choosing current job (2) level of satisfaction with current job (3) Intention to continue current job at current workplace

6. Worries, concerns, dissatisfaction, etc. with work and experiences while providing long-term care services
(1) Worries, concerns, dissatisfaction, etc. with working conditions and burden of work
(2) Worries, concerns, dissatisfaction, etc., with users and their families
(3) Worries, dissatisfaction with the workplace
(4) Efforts of resolving worries, concerns, dissatisfaction, etc. 
(5) Whether or not there have been work-related accidents or near-miss incidents 
(6) Reporting of consultations and experiences during provision of long-term care services

7. Respondent
(1) Previous job (2) reasons for accepting the current job (3) gender (4) age (5) state of the primary household earner

8. Home-visit care workers
(1) Thoughts about wages and working hours (2) long-term care staff basic training (3) operational guidance and training, etc. (4) travel directly to/from clients and travel to next client (5) variation in hours/days of work for registered home helpers (6) wage guarantees in cases of cancellation on the day

Date of Release 2007/08/27
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Employee training
Working conditions
Social welfare systems/structures
Topics in SSJDA Social Security/Welfare
Version 1 : 2007-08-27
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.