University of Tokyo

Abstract
Survey Number 0543
Survey Title Survey on the Actualities of and Attitudes toward Inter-generational Family Support
Depositor Yukiko Katsumata
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Educational Purpose Only available for research.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary This survey was conducted as part of the “study of the place of declining birthrate measures in social security” (2003–2004, principal investigator Yukiko Katsumata) funded by a Health and Labour Sciences Research Grant (Research on Policy Planning and Evaluation). This study was conducted mainly for the purpose of organizing and providing critical basic information for policies under currently implemented measures against declining birthrate to develop into measures to support raising next-generation children.

The purpose of this survey is to determine whether differences in attitudes between parents and children affect relationships to support each other and simultaneously understand the actual situation of cross-generational parent-child relationships, economic support, childrearing support, nursing support between “elderly parents and adult children” and “grandparents and grandchildren.” This survey consisted of two surveys conducted on elderly households and adult children households.

Survey subjects consisted of “elderly households,” defined as households with women in their 50s to 70s and one or more grandchildren aged 0 to 6 years, regardless of whether they were cohabiting or not, and “adult children households,” defined as households with women aged 20 years and older and one or more children aged 0 to 6 years,regardless of whether they are cohabiting or not. Respondents in both surveys were women (wives).

Although this survey was for the purpose of looking at private transfers between elderly parent households and adult children households, due to the limitations of the JSR access panel (described later) in sampling, it was not possible to verify blood relationships between households. However, it was determined that pseudo-parent and child relationships in both types of households were valid and analyzed.

Furthermore, in the first year of this study, analysis using individual data from the previous “First survey on family trends” (1993) was also conducted. The purpose of this analysis was to prepare for and supplement the original survey. This survey is a nationwide survey conducted on a regular basis by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. The current questionnaire survey was conducted with financial assistance from this study, and due to budgetary restrictions as well as limitations on the regions surveyed and survey sample size, consideration was given to incorporating some of the same questions as in the previous nationwide survey for comparison.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Households in the Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, Saitama prefectures) and the Hanshin area (Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo prefectures)
- [Elderly survey]
Elderly households, in other words, wives in their 50s to 70s in “households having one or more grandchildren aged 0 to 6 years”
- [Adult children survey],
Adult children households, in other words, wives aged 20 years and older in “households having one or more children aged 0 to 6 years”
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size
Valid responses Valid response rate
[Elderly survey] 1,412 people 86.9%
[Adult children survey] 1,466 people 90.2%
Date of Collection 2004-01-01 ~ 2004-01-01
2004/01/01
Time Period 2004 ~ 2004
Spatial Unit The Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, Saitama prefectures), Hanshin area (Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo prefectures)
Sampling Procedure This survey partially used subjects from private survey companies (JSR access panel).

The elderly survey of elderly households extracted 1,625 households with grandchildren aged 0 to 6 years from elderly households screened twice in December 2003. The adult children survey of adult children households extracted the same number without screening from the panel.

*JSR access panel summary
Number of households randomly sampled from the Basic Resident Register that signed annual survey participation contracts:
- Approximately 100,000 households (355,000 people) in the Greater Tokyo Area (Tokyo,Kanagawa,Chiba,Saitama prefectures)
- Approximately 46,000 households (160,000 people) in Hanshin area (Osaka/Hyogo prefectures)
- Approximately 50,000 households (185,000 people) in other regions
Mode of Data Collection Mail survey
Investigator Study group regarding inter-generational family support (principal investigator: Yukiko Katsumata (National Institute of Population and Social Security Research)), survey carried out by Japan Statistical Survey, Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0543
Sponsors (Funds) Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research financial aid (Research on Policy Planning and Evaluation)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Elderly households questionnaire][Adult children household questionnaire]
Major Survey Items [Elderly survey]

(1) State of elderly households, etc.
- Number of people in household/breakdown of cohabiting household members
- Respondent’s birth year/current marital status/husband’s birth year
- The year of marriage/whether first marriage or remarriage
- Respondent’s/husband’s health condition/highest level of educational attainment/number of siblings/employment-related status/average working hours per day/average working days per week/time arriving at work and returning home on average, working at home
- View of family (9 items)

(2) State of children
- Number of children who are alive
- First through fifth (or the youngest) children’s birth year/gender/distance from respondent’s residence/marital status/number of children

(3) State of the child respondent interacts with the most
- Child respondent interacts with the most
- Health condition of the child respondent interacts with the most/of the husband of the child/highest level of educational attainment/type of housing/ type of residence/employment-related status/average working hours per day/average working days per week/time arriving at work and returning home on average, working at home/annual income/frequency of contact and meeting

(4) State of children of the child respondent interacts with the most (grandchildren)
- Regarding the 1st through 4th (or the youngest) children of the child respondent interacts with the most,
birth year/gender/school type/whether cohabitating or living separately/facilities and systems used
- Regarding the 1st through 4th (or the youngest) children of the child respondent interacts with the most, after-school lessons/expenses for after-school lessons/state of attending tutoring schools (juku), etc./monthly fees for tutoring schools (juku)

(5) State of supporting the household of the child respondent interacts with the most
- Frequency of assistance from respondent/husband to the household of the child respondent interacts with the most (caring for grandchildren/picking up and dropping off grandchildren/helping with housework in child’s home/caring for grandchildren during times of illness or emergency/advice for concerns about grandchildren)
- State of providing financial assistance for the child and grandchildren (8 items)

(6) State of support from children
- Doing chores/nursing/caring for illness and injury/whether or not sharing worries to seek help, frequency thereof, person who helps

(7) Childcare support
- Thoughts on participating in childcare for grandchildren
- Respondent’s work status during childrearing periods (when the 1st child was age 0 to 3 years/4 to 6 years)

(8) State of parents
- Whether respondent’s or husband’s father and mother are living or dead/current ages/health status

(9) State of assets and attitudes to inheritance, etc.
- Years at residence
- Current type of housing
- Amount of property tax on land/amount of property tax on buildings
- Presence or absence of housing loan/monthly repayment amounts/bonus repayment amounts
- Respondent’s annual income/husband’s annual income/other household members’ annual income
- Average monthly amount of household consumption expenditures
- Whether or not respondent has assets (savings/land/buildings/other assets)/amount/state of inheritance
- Intention to leave assets to children
- Whether or not respondent has experience gifting cash to adult children/time of gifting/gift recipient/purpose of gift/amount of gift
- Awareness of expansion of gift tax base reduction
- Awareness of expansion of tax-free quota for housing funds
- Perception of scope of family
- Place of residence


[Adult children survey]

(1) State of adult children households, etc.
- Number of people in household/breakdown of cohabiting household members
- Respondent’s birth year/current marital status/husband’s birth year
- The year of marriage/whether first marriage or remarriage
- Respondent’s/husband’s health condition/highest level of educational attainment/number of siblings/employment-related status/average working hours per day/average working days per week/time arriving at work and returning home on average, working at home

(2) Status of children
- Number of children who are alive
- 1st through 4th (or the youngest) children’s birth year/gender/whether cohabiting or living separately/health condition
- 1st through 4th (or the youngest) children’s type of preschools or schools/expenses for preschools or schools/facilities and systems used
- 1st through 4th (or the youngest) children’s after-school lessons/expenses for after-school lessons/state of attending tutoring schools (juku), etc./monthly fees for tutoring schools (juku)
- Ideal number of children/planned number of children
- Number of children of respondent’s siblings/number of children of husband’s siblings

(3) State of parents
- Whether respondent’s and husband’s father and mother are living or dead/current age/highest level of educational attainment/health condition/type of housing/type of residence/annual income/distance from residence/frequency of contact and meeting

(4) Status of support from parents
- Frequency of assistance from respondent’s/husband’s father and mother (caring for children/picking up and dropping off children/helping with housework/caring for children during times of illness or emergency/advice for concerns about children)
- State of financial assistance from respondent’s/husband’s parents (8 items)

(5) State of support for respondent’s/husband’s parents
- Doing chores/caring for illness and injury/frequency of advising on problems
- Financial assistance for respondent’s/husband’s parents (4 items)

(6) Childcare support, etc.
- State of husband sharing housework/childrearing tasks
- View of family (10 items)

(7) State of assets and attitudes to inheritance, etc.
- Current type of housing
- Years at residence
- Amount of property tax on land/amount of property tax on buildings
- Presence or absence of housing loan/monthly repayment amounts/bonus repayment amounts
- Down payment for a home purchase
- Respondent’s annual income/husband’s annual income/other household members’ annual income
- Average monthly amount of household consumption expenditures
- Whether or not respondent has assets (savings/land/buildings/other assets)/amount/state of inheritance
- Intention to leave assets to children
- Whether or not respondent has experience being gifted cash from parents/time of gifting/person gifting/purpose of gift/amount of gift
- Experience taking a loan from a financial institution
- Perception of scope of family
- Place of residence
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Elderly
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Economy/Industry/Management
Society/Culture
Version 1 : 2008-01-08
Notes for Users Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.