University of Tokyo

Survey Number 0717
Survey Title Basic Survey on Learning (International Survey of Six Cities), 2006
Depositor Benesse Educational Research and Development Institute
(Former Name:Benesse Corporation)
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis Not available
Summary The Benesse Corporation conducted the “Fourth Basic Survey on Learning” (SSJDA Survey No. 0710) on fifth-grade elementary school students in Japan from June to July 2006. In addition to Tokyo, this survey was also conducted in two cities in East Asia (Seoul/Beijing) and three cities in Europe and the United States (Helsinki/London/Washington, DC), using almost the exact same content as in Japan.
The characteristics of this survey may be summarized as follows:

1. To be able to understand differences in the actual situation of and attitude to learning among elementary school students among international cities

The purpose of this study is to understand differences in the actual situation of/attitude to learning among elementary school students in capital cities in East Asia/Europe/the United States and Japan (Tokyo). The survey sample consisted of students who were the equivalent of fifth-year elementary school students in Japan, wherein some additions/subtractions were made out of consideration of curricula/educational circumstances in each country. However, to understand trends in each city, most survey items were the same.

2. Education researchers in survey subject countries conducting surveys and analysis

This survey was basically conducted on site by education researchers in each country, who then analyzed the results for each city. These are considered basic information for knowing the attitudes to and state of learning of elementary school students in Seoul, Beijing, Helsinki, London, and Washington, DC.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Students in six international cities who were the equivalent of fifth-grade elementary school students in Japan (10 years old/11 years old)
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Tokyo: 33 schools, 1,105 people; Seoul: 19 schools, 1,300 people; Beijing: 14 schools, 1,195 people;
Helsinki: 12 schools, 526 people; London: 19 schools, 891 people; Washington, DC:11 schools, 955 people
Date of Collection 2006-06 ~ 2007-01
Tokyo: June to July 2006, Seoul: June to July 2006, Beijing: October 2006, Helsinki: November 2006,
London: November 2006 to January 2007, Washington, DC: December 2006
Time Period 2006 ~ 2007
Spatial Unit tokyo
Korea, Republic of
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
23-ku (wards) of Tokyo, within the city of Seoul, within the city of Beijing (excluding agricultural areas), within the city of Helsinki, within the city of London, and Washington, DC metropolitan area (Washington, DC, Prince Williams County)
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Purposive
Sampling was done by non-probability sampling. Hence, it is necessary to keep in mind that data were not strictly representative of each city. Nevertheless, the researchers and school officials responsible for each city selected subjects and asked schools to cooperate in the survey after making thorough considerations to avoid the emergence of any bias due to differences in local educational levels or school academic achievement.
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
- Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, Helsinki, Washington, DC: Self-administered survey using questionnaire distributed and collected through schools
- London: Web-based survey conducted through schools
Investigator Benesse Educational Research & Development Institute
(Former Name: Benesse Corporation)

DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.0717
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire 】【 Frequency Table
Major Survey Items (1) Basic attributes
- Gender

(2) State of learning at school
- Favorite subject
- Level of understanding of classes
- Classroom style
- Preferred study methods at school

(3) State of learning at home
- State of learning at home
- Time spent learning outside school
- ”Learning” in everyday life

(4) Learning opportunities outside school
- Use of tutoring schools (juku) (frequency/type), time spent on study per session
- After-school lessons

(5) Use of media

(6) Perceived grades
- Feelings about learning
- Self-evaluation of grades
- Grades respondent desires to achieve
- Grades that respondent thinks he or she can achieve with effort
- Perceived grades/perceived learning
- Worries/motivation/joy of learning

(7) Attitude to future path/entering higher-level schools 
- Desire to take junior high school entrance exams
- Type of junior high school respondent intends to take the entrance exam for
- Desired level of schooling
- Future desired occupation

(8) View of society/value system
- Benefits of study
- View of society/value system

(9) Mental and physical fatigue

(10) Regarding home life
- Property
- Relationship with parent(s)
- Whether parent(s) graduated from

*Some question items were different depending on the city.
*For details of survey items, please refer to the questionnaire.
Date of Release 2014/02/20
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Compulsory and pre-school education
Topics in SSJDA Education/Learning
Version 1 : 2014-02-20
Notes for Users Tokyo data is the same as the “metropolitan areas (23-ku (wards) of Tokyo)” in SSJDA Survey No. 0710.
Variable and value labels are written in Japanese.