University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1055
Survey Title Survey of Attitudes among the Elderly toward Living Alone, 2014
Depositor Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' at SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. SSJDA's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
Nesstar Not available
Summary There is a remarkable increase in the number of men and women aged 65 years and older who are living alone. With the increase in elderly people living alone, it is important to promote the reconstruction of communities by revitalizing local activities to ensure the safety and security of elderly people living alone and prevent isolation. To that end, this survey aims to contribute to the promotion of related policies in the future by understanding and analyzing the attitudes and needs of the elderly living alone with a focus on their worries and concerns about life and the state of intergenerational support in the communities.

A previous survey was conducted in 2002.

This survey was constructed with the following six survey items: (1) matters related to feelings of happiness and anxiety, (2) matters related to interactions with others, (3) matters related to purchasing goods/bank transfer scams, (4) matters related to going out/outpatient hospital visits, (5) matters related to preparing for the future, and (6) matters related to enjoyable things.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 65 years and older living alone in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size Sample size: 2,624 people, number of valid responses: 1,480 people (valid response rate: 56.4%)
Date of Collection 2014/12/4 – 12/14
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure two-stage stratified random sampling
Mode of Data Collection face-to-face interview
Investigator Director General for Policies on Cohesive Society, Cabinet Office, the Government of Japan, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Questionnaire 】  【 Summary sheet
Major Survey Items [Survey respondent’s basic attributes]
Gender, age, marital status, presence of partner, age at which respondent started living alone, presence of relatives, frequency of conversation, people respondent talks to, physical health status, mental health status, certified status to receive nursing care, use of day care/in-home welfare services, longest-held occupation, type of housing, monthly income, main income, source of living expenses, internet use, region, size of city

(1) Matters related to feelings of happiness and anxiety
Degree of happiness, scale of depression, anxiety in daily life

(2) Matters related to interactions with others
Intentions of cohabitation in the future, people respondent wants to rely on, experience of participation in group activities, participation status, intention to participate.

(3) Matters related to purchasing goods/bank transfer scams
Method of purchasing goods, prevention of bank transfer scams/actual situation of scam prevention, financial situation and living condition

(4) Matters related to going out/outpatient hospital visits
Desired frequency to go out/actual frequency of going out, issues with outpatient hospital visits and medical care

(5) Matters related to preparing for the Future
Main caregiver, place of long-term care (long-term care level/cognitive impairment level), party to whom respondent can entrust property management, whether the notion of dying alone feels familiar, thoughts on end-of-life care/funeral services/gravesite.

(6) Matters related to enjoyable things
Things respondent currently enjoys
Date of Release
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Topics in SSJDA Health/MedicalCare

Notes for Users