University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1188
Survey Title Japan Quality of Life Survey, 2013
Depositor Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan
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Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
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Nesstar Not available
Summary The goal of this survey was to continuously assess changes in citizens’ living conditions, attitudes, and behaviors, and to continuously gauge how much levels of happiness diverged among household members.
Data Type quantitative research
quantitative research: micro data
Universe People aged 15 years and older in ordinary households in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual,Household
Sample Size Household: 3,086 (response rate: 62.3%)
Individual: 7,717 (3,604 men, 4,113 women)
Date of Collection
Time Period
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Three-stage stratified sampling was used. The first stage was municipalities. The second was survey areas within the municipalities. The third stage was households in those areas. The Basic Resident Register was used for sampling at the third stage. 4950 households were sampled.
Mode of Data Collection Placement (self-administered) method (Questionnaires distributed and collected by survey staff). When collected, each questionnaire was sealed in an envelope to secure respondents’ privacy.
Investigator Economic and Social Research Institute, The Cabinet Office, The Government of Japan, survey carried out by Shin Joho Center, Inc.
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation Household Questionnaire (Questionnaire A) [Questionnaire] [Tables]
Individual Questionnaire (Questionnaire B) [Questionnaire] [Tables]
Major Survey Items [Household Questionnaire (Questionnaire A)]
- Family members: presence of family members living together, relationship to the head of the household (all household members)
- State of residence/home: type of residence, years at residence, number of rooms, total floor space, problems with the house
- State of damage from the Great East Japan Earthquake
- Household income

[Individual Questionnaire (Questionnaire B)]
<Items in questionnaire>
(1)Level of happiness
- Subjective level of happiness (present, 5 years ago, 5 years later)
- Ideal level of happiness
- Important factors to evaluate happiness

(2)Level of satisfaction with life
- Level of satisfaction with life (overall)
- Level of satisfaction in each life area: work, residence, standard of living, human relationship, family life, childrearing, health, medical services, sense of safety and security about the future, amount of time spent on doing what respondent likes to do, time allocation, etc.

(3)Economic situation/residential environment
- Difficulty in managing household budget
- Things that cannot be done due to economic reasons (to stay sufficiently warm in cold seasons, to purchase new clothes, to own a car, etc.)
- Feeling of burden associated with total home-related expenses
- Dissatisfaction with the residential environment (noise, air pollution, no park and green space nearby, etc.)
- Presence of the following facilities nearby: place to purchase food, place to purchase daily use items, post office, etc.
- State of cohabitation/frequency of seeing (spouse, children, parents, parents of spouse, etc.)

(4)Trust in organizations/social relationships/support from others
- Whether respondent trusts the following organizations: the government of Japan, local public offices, the Diet, regional councils, etc.
- Number of people who offer help to respondent: parents/parents of spouse, family members other than parents/relatives, friends, neighbors, other
- Support from others: cheer respondent up when feeling down, help respondent somehow to get out of a hopeless situation, understand respondent’s feelings well in general, etc.

(5)Feelings in general/anxiety
- Feelings in daily life: someone is interested in respondent, someone needs respondent’s company, respondent is needed by someone, etc.
- Feelings in general compared to people around: probably feeling as happy as people around, confident about having life as good as people around
- Emotions experienced yesterday: joy, calmness, anxiety, sorrow, happiness, melancholy, anger, stress, physical pain,lots of laughter
- Feelings about self and life: positive, optimistic about the future, capable of deciding freely how to live, etc.
- Emotions respondent probably felt during the past week: high-spirited, calm, lonely
- Thoughts on nature/religion: sometimes feel a sense of gratitude to something beyond human, like nature, etc.,feel nature is important, consider oneself religious
- Anxiety about the following: unemployment, food safety, children’s future, public security, natural disasters, radioactive contamination, living expenses after retirement, death from overwork, solitary death

(6)Depression scale (K6): feeling extremely nervous, feeling desperate, feeling everything is laborious, feeling worthless, etc.

[Face items]
- Gender, age, health condition, highest level of educational attainment, personal income, social security benefits

(1)Household/marital status
- Relationship with householder, seniority in household (the rank counting from the eldest)
- Marital status/length of marriage
- Number of children, age of the youngest child
- State of nursing

- Work status
- Employment-related status, how respondent is called at work
- State of workplace, working hours
Date of Release
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