University of Tokyo

Survey Number 1349
Survey Title Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics, 2020
Depositor Recruit Works Institute
Restriction of Use For detailed information, please refer to 'For Data Users' on the SSJDA website.

- Apply to SSJDA. Depositor's approval required.
Educational Purpose Available for both research and instructional purposes.
Period of Data Use Permission One year
Access to Datasets Download
SSJDA Data Analysis SSJDA Data Analysis (online data analysis & metadata browsing system) is available for this data.
Summary The Japanese Panel Study of Employment Dynamics (JPSED) involves an annual survey of individual work patterns, incomes, and occupations in the previous year, with results to be tracked from year to year. Data from the survey will be used to create and publish the Works Index* as well as to grasp changes in the dynamics of employment and income in Japan. The present study constitutes the fifth JPSED survey. (For details, please refer to the official JPSED website:

As part of the present study, a supplementary survey was conducted for respondents who stated they were working as of December 2019, asking questions about such matters as the nature of their work duties, harassment, and working environment.
Data Type quantitative research: micro data
Universe Men and women aged 15 years and older in Japan
Unit of Observation Individual
Sample Size 57,284 valid responses
*Responses are in three categories from the 2018 survey onward: ongoing sample (respondents from the previous year), additional sample (new respondents in the current year), and reactivated sample (respondents who did not participate in the 2018 survey but did participate in a survey in 2017 or prior thereto).
- Ongoing sample: 47,833 people (out of 59,767 responses solicited,valid response rate 80.0%)
- Additional sample: 5,025 people (out of 9,512 responses solicited,valid response rate 52.8%)
- Reactivated sample: 4,426 responses (out of 19,251 responses solicited, valid response rate 52.8%)

*26 of the above respondents were excluded from the total because they had moved overseas by the time of this year's survey.

Supplementary survey: 29,263 responses
Date of Collection 2020-01-09 ~ 2020-01-31
2020/01/09 - 01/31
Supplementary survey:2020/01/15 - 02/05
Time Period 2019 ~ 2019
Spatial Unit Japan
Sampling Procedure Non-probability: Quota
Sample was distributed by gender, age group, work status, regional block, and educational history, based on data in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications’ Labour Force Survey. The distribution was made to reflect the profile of the universe, but a smaller sample was taken from the labor force population aged 15-19 and the 70 and over age group. The actual categories used are shown below.
- Gender: man/woman
- Age: 15-19/20-24/25-34/35-44/45-54/55-64/65-69/70-74/75 and older
- Employment status: labor force population/non-labor force population
- Form of employment: self-employed/family work/executive/regular/non-regular/fully unemployed
- Education: Below university graduate/university graduate or above/currently enrolled
- Place of residence – 11 areas: Hokkaido, Tohoku, Southern Kanto, Northern Kanto/Koshin, Hokuriku, Tokai, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa

The results were weighted so the composition of gender, age, employment status and education reflects that of the parent population.

The report shows the results after weighting (the number of responses after weighting is 57,323).
Mode of Data Collection Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
Internet (monitor) survey. Responses solicited from survey panel members registered with INTAGE Inc.
Investigator Recruit Works Institute, survey carried out by INTAGE Inc.
DOI 10.34500/SSJDA.1349
Sponsors (Funds)
Related Publications (by the Investigator) Please refer to the abstract in Japanese.
Related Publications (based on Secondary Analysis) List of related publications (based on Secondary Analysis)
Documentation [Questionnaire] [Supplementary survey questionnaire] [Tables ] [Supplementary survey tables]
Major Survey Items [Face Items]
- Gender, age, month/year of birth, place of residence,current residence, highest level of educational attainment, faculty/college of graduation, current year level, experience of dropping out,marital status, presence of children, number of children, age of children, type of housing,cohabitants, main household provider,work status (January-November, 2019)

[Information as of December last year]
(1) Work status as of December last year
- Work status,employment status, form of employment, whether or not business has a storefront
- Reasons for working, reasons for taking time off work, capacity to start work immediately if available
- Desire to work, degree of desire to work
- Engagement in job-seeking activities, reasons for not seeking work
- Reasons for not working, reasons for not wanting to work

(2) Place of work and content of job as of December last year
- Industry, size by number of employees, occupational category, official position
- Whether or not there is a period of employment agreement, length and number of renewals of employment agreement
- Enrollment in health insurance system, pension system, employment (unemployment) insurance
- Number of days and hours of work (in one week)
- Wage payment method, hourly wage
- Flexibility of work (freedom to choose work days, work hours, work locations)
- Work style
- Allocation of time at work (primary duties, auxiliary miscellaneous tasks, time spent on standby)
- Places where work is performed other than workplace
- Mode of commuting to work
- Time use: commuting, housework and childrearing (on weekdays/days off)
・Telework hours, introduction and operating status of telework system, eligibility for telework system
- Number of times respondent left a job

[Information for the whole of last year (January to December)]
(3) Life last year (January to December) 
- Level of happiness, level of satisfaction with life
- Life events, work events, study activities
- State of taking leave, proportion of paid leave entitlements used
- Health condition (stress)

(4) Income last year (January to December) 
- Source of income for living expenses
- Means of covering living expenses

(5) Study/training at work last year (January to December) 
- Increase in complexity of work
- Opportunities for OJT and Off-JT
- Self-improvement activities

(6) Workplace environment last year (January to December) 
- Workplace conditions (volume of work, discrimination, power/sexual harassment, labor union, injuries, mental health)
- Job characteristics (diverse work, understanding of operations as a whole, impact on others, individual discretion, proper evaluation)
- Job satisfaction (satisfaction with job itself, satisfaction with interpersonal relations, sense of achievement, career prospects, satisfaction with vocational experience to date, working with vitality, working enthusiastically, being engrossed in work, feeling busy, sense of obligation to work hard)

(7) Work-life balance last year (January to December) 
- Stress in balancing work and home life

(8) Side Jobs
- Whether or not engaging in side jobs,intention to engage in side jobs, reason for wishing to engage in side jobs, reason for having engaged in side jobs

- Form of employment of side job that generates the most income/job details
- Whether or not business has a storefront
- Number of side jobs,number of hours spent on side jobs per week

[Information on the past, the future]
(9) First job
- Form of employment, industry, size by number of employees, occupational category

(10) Previous job
- Form of employment, industry, size by number of employees, occupational category
- Number of working days/working hours (per week), annual income
- Pathway to getting the job
- Order of leaving previous job and finding current job, reason for leaving previous job

(11) Careers of women with children
- Work status before/after birth of youngest child (when finding out about pregnancy/at the time of childbirth/on child’s first birthday), system respondent used when giving birth to the youngest child

(12) Past experience and future work intentions 
- Places of residence to date (at age 15, at age 20, at time of first job)
- Grades in the third year of junior high school
- Month and year of graduation from educational institution attended before entering the workforce/ month and year of starting and leaving first job/month and year of starting current job (as of December last year)
- Annual income from main job, annual income from side jobs/side business, annual income from sources other than jobs
- Who to go to for advice
- Spouse’s work status, work-related events (spouse leaving or starting a job),spouse’s annual income
- Whether or not long-term care is provided
- Intention to change jobs/find a job
- Efforts relating to choosing a path undertaken last year, desired future path, determination of carrier path after graduating, job-hunting experience

[Supplementary survey]
(1) Nature of duties
- Related to human life or the interests of large numbers of people, diversity of people in workplace, emphasis on CSR/compliance, etc.

(2) Harassment
- Experience of witnessing harassment, type of harassment witnessed
- Experience of harassment in the workplace, type of harassment experienced personally, perpetrator of harassment, official position of workplace superior perpetrating harassment

(3) Workplace environment
- Workplace programs relating to harassment
Date of Release 2020/12/17
Topics in CESSDA Click here for details

Working conditions
Family life and marriage
Topics in SSJDA Employment/Labor
Version 1 : 2020-12-17
Notes for Users - If you wish to conduct panel analysis using only continuing respondents participating in the first through fifth surveys, a separate application for the weighted data adjusted for withdrawals and predicted probability of continuation (SSJDA1350) is required. Weighted data are treated as restricted data from the standpoint of confidentiality.